REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 79
SANHEDRIN 79 (24 Kislev) - Dedicated by R. Ginsberg of Queens, NY, l'Iluy
Nishmas his father, Arnold (Aharon Yehudah ben Reb Nasan) Ginsberg, for his
(a) We suggest that Rebbi Shimon ('Afilu Niskaven La'harog es Zeh ...
Patur') refers to the Seifa 'Niskaven Le'hakos es ha'Gadol ... Chayav'.
what grounds do we refute this suggestion?
(b) So we establish him on the Reisha.
On which case does he then argue?
(c) Why does the Mishnah wait until here to express Rebbi Shimon's opinion?
(a) What do we mean when we ask 'le'Chad Minaihu Mai', what do we mean to
ask? According to whom is the She'eilah?
(b) What other She'eilah do we ask?
(c) To resolve the She'eilos, we cite Rebbi Shimon's own statement.
did Rebbi Shimon specifically say in a Beraisa, that will settle both
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "*ve'Arav Lo*
(b) The Rabbanan learn from there 'P'rat le'Zarak Even le'Gav' (to preclude
someone who throws a stone into a group of people and kills one of them).
Why can they not be referring to a case where someone tosses a stone into a
group comprising ...
(c) Then which case are they referring to?
- ... nine Nochrim and one Yisre'elim?
- ... five Nochrim and five Yisre'elim?
(d) What principle do we learn from the Pasuk? When do we now not go after
the majority to sentence someone to death?
(a) We already discussed in 'ben Sorer u'Moreh' the Parshah in Mishpatim of
two fighting men, one of whom strikes a woman.
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Elazar mean
when, commenting on the Pasuk "ve'Im Ason Yiheyeh ... " he states
'be'Mitzvos she'be'Miysah ha'Kasuv Medaber'?
(b) How do the Rabbanan now interpret the conclusion of the Pasuk "ve'Nasata
Nefesh Tachas Nafesh"?
(c) Rebbi Shimon however, will interpret the Pasuk like Rebbi.
Rebbi in a Beraisa learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Nesinah" ("ve'Nasata
Nefesh ... ") "Nesinah" ("Lo Yiheyeh Ason", in the same Parshah, in the case
where the woman is not killed)?
(a) What does Tana de'Bei Chizkiyah say about 'Shogeg u'Meizid, Miskaven
ve'Eino Miskaven, and Derech Yeridah ve'Derech Aliyah', with regard to
someone who killed ...
(b) His source for this latter ruling is a Pasuk in Emor.
- ... an animal?
- ... a person?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Petza Tachas Patza"?
(d) What is the significance of 'Derech Yeridah ve'Derech Aliyah'? In which
area of Halachah *do* we find such a distinction?
(a) Why can we not interpret 'Miskaven and Eino Miskaven' literally?
(b) Then how do we interpret it?
(c) How do we know that Tana de'Bei Chizkiyah is speaking even in a case
where the culprit does not actually receive Miysah?
(d) In which point does Tana de'Bei Chizkiyah argue with ...
- ... Rebbi (and Rebbi Shimon)?
- ... the Rabbanan?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, if a Rotze'ach got mixed up
in a group of other people, they are all Patur.
Rebbi Yehudah say? What
does he mean?
(b) If the same happened to a group of Chayvei Miysos, they would all
receive the most lenient of the deaths that are due.
What will Niskalin
who got mixed up with Nisrafin receive, according to ...
(c) Rebbi Shimon proves that Sereifah is more stringent from the fact that a
bas Kohen receives Sereifah.
- ... Rebbi Shimon?
- ... the Chachamim?
How do the Chachamim counter that argument?
(d) What will Rebbi Shimon say if the majority of the group are Nisrafin?
(a) When our Mishnah speaks about a Rotze'ach who got mixed up in a group of
other people - why can 'other people' not be taken literally?
(b) So how does Rebbi Avahu Amar Shmuel establish it?
(c) And how does he then explain the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi
Yehudah and the Rabbanan? Why do the Rabbanan exempt them all even from
'Kipah', whereas Rebbi Yehudah sentences them all to Kipah?
(a) Resh Lakish maintains that if our Mishnah was talking about people, both
Tana'im would agree that they would all be Patur.
Answers to questions
Why is that?
(b) Then what is their Machlokes, according to him?
(c) Rava asks however, from Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa, who says 'Afilu Aba
Whom is he querying?
(d) Who was Aba Chalafta?