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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 76


(a) What does Abaye extrapolate from the Pasuk "Eishes Bincha Hi", with regard to one's wife's daughter-in-law?

(b) In the same style as before, Rava refutes the need for such a D'rashah, with two Pirchos. Firstly, if we hold 'Don Minah u'Minah' and assuming that Sekilah is more stringent, we could not learn from Kalaso, that Kalasah should be Asur and receive Sekilah, because, *her* mother receives only Sereifah, whereas *his* mother receives Sekilah.
On what grounds do we refute the Pircha 'Bitah bi'Sereifah, ve'Kalasah bi'Sekilah?'?

(c) What will the second Pircha then be (based on Imo)?

(d) And what will be the Pircha, assuming that we hold that Sereifah is more stringent?

(a) If we hold 'Don Minah ve'Uki be'Asra' (Kalaso bi'Sekilah, Aval Kalasa bi'Sereifah) and assuming that Sekilah is more stringent, Rava asks two Pirchos: The first is that we cannot learn her daughter-in-law from his, since his mother receives (the stricter) Sekilah, whereas her's receives only Sereifah.
What is the second Pircha, based on the fact that the Torah differentiates between *his* daughter and daughter-in-law?

(b) And what is the Pircha, assuming that Sereifah is more stringent?

(a) Bearing in mind that the Pasuk of Anusah mentions only granddaughter and not daughter, we ask from where we know that Bito me'Anusaso is forbidden. What does Abaye answer?

(b) How do we refute the Kashya 've'Chi Onshin min ha'Din'?

(c) How does this differ from a paternal and maternal sister, whom we decline to derive from a half-sister, because it would be considered 'Onshin min ha'Din'?

(d) Rava, quoting Rebbi Yitzchak bar Avudimi, learns it from "Heinah" "Heinah", "Zimah" "Zimah".
What does he mean by that?

(a) What does Avuhah de'Rebbi Avin learn from the Pasuk in Emor ... "u'bas Ish Kohen Ki Seichel li'Zenos ... ba'Eish Tisaref"?

(b) What punishment is due to a man who commits adultery with a bas Kohen who is married, receive?

(c) What does Abaye (based on Avuhah de'Rebbi Avin's D'rashah), therefore learn from "es Avihah Hi Mechaleles"?

(d) Once again, Rava argues that no D'rashah is needed for this Halachah.
Why not? Why can he not be Patur, as if she was a Penuyah?

(a) From where do Abaye and Rava (who learn Bito me'Anusaso from a 'Kal va'Chomer' and from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' respectively), learn the Azharah?

(b) Tani Avuhah de'Rebbi Avin learns it from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Al Techalel es Bitcha le'Haznosah".
How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa, which uses the same Pasuk (from the use of the word "le'Haznosah") to preclude any Isur for a Kohen to marry off his daughter to a Levi or a Yisrael?

(c) Why might we have thought that the Torah does forbid a Kohen to marry off his daughter to a Levi or a Yisrael?

(d) What do Abaye and Rava then learn from "Al Techalel es Bitcha ... "?

(a) As we just mentioned, the above D'rashah is that of Rebbi Eliezer. What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(b) Rav Kahana quoting Rebbi Akiva states 'Ein Lecha Ani be'Yisrael Ela Rasha Arum, ve'ha'Mashhe Bito Bogeres'.
What problem do we have with this dual statement?

(c) So how does Abaye amend it?

(d) What does poverty have to do with this?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rav Kahana quoting Rebbi Akiva also says 'Hevi Zahir min ha'Yo'atzech l'Fi Darko'.
What does he mean by that?

(b) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav mean when he applies the Pasuk "Lema'an S'fos ha'Ravah es ha'Tzemei'ah" to someone who marries off his young daughter to an old man?

(c) What other similar case does he add to that?

(a) He concludes his list with someone who returns a lost article to a Nochri.
How does that fit the description "Lema'an S'fos ha'Ravah es ha'Tzemei'ah"?

(b) What is the reason for this? What could be wrong with returning a lost article to a Nochri?

(a) Discussing the Pasuk in Iyov "ve'Yada'at ki Sh'lom Ohalech u'Fakadta Navech ve'Lo Secheta", the Beraisa includes someone who loves his wife like himself, and honors her more than himself.
What does he mean by this second phrase?

(b) The Tana adds two more cases to his list, one of them is someone who guides his sons and daughters along the right path.
What is the other?

(c) How do we reconcile this with Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, who spoke derogatively about someone who marries off his son when he is a Katan?

(a) Explaining the Pasuk in Yeshayah, the Tana describes "P'ros la'Ra'ev Lachmecha", as lending a Sela to a poor man in need, and incorporates in "u'mi'Besarcha al Tis'alem", bringing close one's relatives.
On what basis does the Tana also include someone who loves (is kind to) his neighbors?

(b) What third case does the Tana add to this list?

(c) What reward does the Pasuk promise for all of these?

(a) In explaining the Pasuk in Kedoshim (regarding Ishah ve'Imah) "ba'Eish Yisrefu Oso ve'Es'hen", Rebbi Yishmael says 'Oso ve'es Achas Meihen'. What does he mean by that? How does he translate 'Meihen'?

(b) Rebbi Akiva says 'Oso ve'es Sh'teihen'.
What is the problem with his statement?

(c) What does Abaye mean when he explains 'Mashma'os Dorshin Ika Beanie'?
How is it possible for either woman to be Chayav Miysah, according to Rebbi Akiva?

(d) Why does Abaye describe the Machlokes as 'Mashma'os Dorshin'?

(e) According to Rava, both Tana'im agree that Eim Chamoso is not mentioned in this Pasuk.
Then what is the basis of their Machlokes? With regard to whom do they argue?

(a) Which two cases receive Sayaf?

(b) What does our Mishnah say about Reuven who murdered Shimon with a stone or with metal?

(c) What does the Tana say about Reuven who incited a dog or a snake against Shimon, if Shimon was subsequently attacked and injured or killed by them?

(d) And what would be the Din if Reuvenactually picked up a snake and held it against Shimon, and the snake then bit him ...

  1. ... according to Rebbi Yehudah? ...
  2. ... according to the Chachamim?
(a) What reason does Shmuel, as well as Rebbi in a Beraisa, give to explain the Torah's omission of the word "Yad" by metal (in Mas'ei in the Parshah of murderers)?

(b) How do we qualify this Chumra? In which case will a Shiur be required like in the case of other materials?

(c) What do we comment on our Mishnah, which metes out the death-sentence to Reuven who holds Shimon's head under water if he cannot raise it, and exempts him for pushing Shimon into the water, if he is able to get out (but doesn't)?

(d) What does Shmuel learn from the Pasuk there "be'Eivah"?

Answers to questions

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