REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 70
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah requires the boy to eat a Tartimar of meat
and half a Log of wine in order to become a ben Sorer u'Moreh.
Rebbi Yossi say?
(b) What is the significance of Italian wine?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about a boy who eats these amounts ...
(d) He is also Patur if he eats Ma'aser-Sheini.
- ... by a Se'udas Mitzvah, by Ibur ha'Chodesh, or Ma'aser Sheini in Yerushalayim?
- ... of Neveilos, Tereifos, Shekatzim u'Remasim?
What does this mean?
(a) What does "Zolel ve'Sov'ei" imply?
(b) Which Pasuk in Mishlei hints at the same thing, even more explicitly?
(c) It is not clear what a Tartimar is.
How does Rebbi Zeira learn it from
Rebbi Yossi's opinion?
(d) Rav Chanan bar Muldah requires the boy to purchase the meat and wine at
a cheap price.
How does he extrapolate this from the Pasuk "Zolel
(e) What is the underlying reason for this?
(a) How does Rav Huna require the ben Sorer u'Moreh to eat the meat and
drink the wine in order to be Chayav?
(b) What do Rabah and Rav Yosef say about a ben Sorer u'Moreh who eats the
meat when it is raw and the wine when it is undiluted?
(c) How does Ravina explain Rav Huna, to reconcile the two opinions?
(d) What is now Rav Huna's reason?
(a) What do Rabah and Rav Yosef say about a ben Sorer u'Moreh eating salted
meat and drinking wine straight from the vat? Why is that?
(b) What does the Beraisa say about salted meat and wine fom the vat with
regard to the Din of not eating two cooked dishes, *meat or wine* on Erev
(c) What does Rebbi Chanina b'Rebbi Yossi mean when he gives the Shiur ...
(d) Why might the Shiur by a ben Sorer u'Moreh be different than the Din of
Erev Tish'ah be'Av?
- ... of salted meat, as 'Kol Z'man she'Hu ki'Shelamim'?
- ... of wine from the vat as 'Kol Z'man she'Hu Toses'? How many days does that constitute?
(e) What Shiur do we therefor give for ...
- ... salted meat?
- ... wine from the vat?
(a) What does Rav Chanan learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "T'nu Sheichar
la'Oved ve'Yayin le'Marei Nefesh"? For which two purposes was wine created?
(b) If wine causes the Rehsa'im's faces to turn red in this world (since the
Pasuk there writes "Al Teireh Yayin ki Yisadam"), what will happen to their
faces in the World to Come?
(c) How does Rava Darshen the Pasuk "Al Teireh Yayin ki Yisadam"?
(a) How does Rav Kahana reconcile the word 'Tirosh' (wine), which is written
without a 'Vav' ('Tirash') but pronounced as if it had one ('Tiyrosh')?
(b) In which two similar ways does Rava explain the Pasuk "ve'Yayin Yesamach
(c) To what did Rava ascribe his wisdom?
(d) Rav Amram B'rei de'Rebbi Shimon bar Aba Amar Rebbi Chanina explains the
Pasuk in Mishlei. Who will experience "Oy va'Voy, strife, pain, senseless
wounds, and red eyes"?
(e) What does "la'Ba'im la'Chekor mi'Mesach" mean?
(a) According to Rav Dimi in the name of the B'nei Ma'arva, this is one way
of explaining the Pasuk. It is also possible to explain it backwards.
"Oy va'Voy and pain" refers to mourners, to whom does ...
(b) What did Ubar Galila'a comment on the Pesukim in No'ach "va'Yechal
No'ach Ish Adamah, va'Yita Karem va'Yesht min ha'Yayin va'Yishkar, va'Yisgal
be'Soch Ohalo ... va'Yeida es Asher Asah Lo B'no ha'Katan"?
- ... "strife and senseless wounds refer?
- .. "red eyes" refer?
(c) Rav and Shmuel argue over what Cham did to his father.
What are the
(d) What is the proof that he ...
(e) We have already explained why No'ach cursed Cana'an, Cham's fourth son,
according to the opinion which holds that Cham castrated him. But why did he
do so according to the opinion that holds that he raped him? Why did he not
simply curse Cham himself?
- ... castrated him?
- ... raped him? From where do we learn the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "va'Yar" "va'Yar"?
(a) According to Rav Ukva (or Rebbi Zakai), what was No'ach's mistake in
planting a vineyard of all things?
Answers to questions
(b) This conforms with Rebbi Meir, who holds in a Beraisa that the tree from
which Adam ha'Rishon ate was a vine.
What is the basis for Rebbi Meir's
(c) And what is the basis for Rebbi Yehudah's opinion, that it was wheat?
(d) And what does Rebbi Nechemyah say?
(e) In which other connection do we find Hashem repairing, using the very
tools with which he struck?
(a) We now discuss a series of Pesukim in Mishlei. "Lemu'el Melech, Masa
Asher Yisrehu Imo" ... What does ''Lemuel Melech" mean?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai explains these
How does he explain ...
(c) In what connection did Shlomoh's mother order him to avoid behaving like
- ... "Mah B'ri"? What was the name of Shlomoh's mother?
- ... "u'Mah bar Bitni"?
- ... "u'Mah bar Nidri"?
(d) "u'le'Roznim Ei Sheichar" might mean that it is not befitting for
someone to whom all the secrets in the world were revealed, to drink wine.
What else might it mean?
(e) Rebbi Yitzchak explains that Shlomoh later admitted that his mother was
What did he mean when he said there ...
- ... "Ki Ba'ar Anochi me'Ish"?
- ... "ve'Lo Binas Adam Li"?
(a) What sort of people does Rebbi Avahu require a ben Sorer to eat and
drink with before he becomes Chayav?
(b) How do we query him from our Mishnah, which exempts him if he eats in a
(c) How do we explain the Mishnah to reconcile it with Rebbi Avahu? If the
Tana is not coming to preclude a group of empty-headed people, then what is
it coming to teach us?
(d) We learned in a Beraisa that they would only eat bread and legumes at
the Seudah of Ibur ha'Chodesh.
In that case, why does our Mishnah need to
preclude a ben Sorer u'Moreh who eats at such a Se'udah?
(a) What is the least number of participants who would join in the Se'udah
of Ibur Chodesh? What was its purpose?
(b) When did the Se'udah take place?
(c) We resolve the apparent discrepancy between two Beraisos, one of which
requires them to ascend for the Se'udah in the evening (following the
thirtieth of the month), the other, only the following morning, by citing
Rebbi Chiya bar Aba.
What instructions would Rebbi Chiya bar Aba issue to
the participants of the Se'udas Ibur Chodesh?
(d) Why can the Sugya of Ibur Chodesh not be referring to Kidush ha'Chodesh?
(a) What does Rava say about a ben Sorer u'Moreh who ate fowl?
(b) Then how will he explain our Mishnah, which exempts him if he ate
'Shekatzim and Remasim', suggesting that if he would have eaten Kasher
creatures of that type of meat, he would be Chayav? Which kind of Kasher
creature must the Tana be referring to?
(c) Having already learned in the Reisha 'Achal ba'Chaburas Mitzvah' on the
one hand, and 'Tereifos, Shekatzim and Remasim' on the other, what does the
Tana come to include, when he adds ...
(d) Why is the ben Sorer u'Moreh Patur for eating a D'var Aveirah?
- ... 'Achal Davar she'Hu Mitzvah'? How would we then interpret the Reisha?
What sort of Mitzvah does that refer to?
- ... 'u'D'var Aveirah'?
(a) Having already learned in the Reisha that a ben Sorer u'Moreh is only
Chayav for eating meat and drinking wine, why does the Tana find it
necessary to add ...
Answers to questions
(b) Why does the Tana nevertheless need to preclude them? Why might we have
thought that the ben Sorer u'Moreh is Chayav?
- ... 'Achal Kol Ma'achal ve'Lo Achal Basar'?
- ... 'Shasah Kol Mashkeh ve'Lo Shasah Yayin'?
(c) The Beraisa repeats the Pesukim that our Mishnah quoted regarding "Zolel
ve'Sovei", but adds another Pasuk in Mishlei, which begins "Ki Sovei
What does this mean?
(d) What does Rebbi Zeira Darshen from the continuation of the Pasuk
"u'Kera'im Talbish Numa" with regard to someone who sleeps in the
Beis-ha'Medrash? What does "Numa" mean?