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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 67


(a) Whom does our Mishnah come to preclude (from Sekilah) when it says ...
  1. ... 'ha'Meisis, Zeh Hedyot'?
  2. ... 've'ha'Meisis es ha'Hedyot'?
(b) Does it also preclude someone who is Meisis a king?

(c) What must the Meisis tell his 'client'?

(d) What do we learn, with regard to the witnesses, from "Lo Sachmol ve'Lo Sechaseh Alav"?

(a) What is one permitted to do initially, if the Meisis will not speak to a Yachid in front of witnesses?

(b) What does one do if the Meisis refuses that too, and made his speech in front of the Nisas alone?

(c) What does the Nisas respond to the Meisis (see Rashash)?

(d) What happens next?

3) The Mishnah cites five possible ways for the Meisis (see Tosfos Yom-Tov) to be Chayav. The first is when he says 'A'avod, Eilech ve'A'avod, Neilech ve'Na'avod'.
Which four specific Avodos does the Tana add, which will also render the Meisis, Chayav?


(a) We extrapolated from our Mishnah that both a Navi who is Meisis a Yachid, and a Yachid who is Meisis a Tzibur receive Chenek.
How do we know that when the Tana says 'ha'Meisis es ha'Hedyot', he is coming to preclude 'Meisis es ha'Tzibur' and not 'Meisis es ha'Navi'?

(b) The author of our Mishnah is Rebbi Shimon, as we learn in a Beraisa. What do the Rabbanan there say?

(c) The next Mishnah (the Seifa) describing 'Medi'ach', presents the case as 'ha'Omer Neilech ve'Na'avod Avodas-Kochavim'.
According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, to whom does this pertain?

(d) How does this create a problem with our previous statement?

(a) What does Ravina mean when he answers 'Kula Rabbanan Hi'? In view of the inference from the Reisha, how can he establish it like the Rabbanan?

(b) Why is Ravina's answer inadequate?

(c) What does Rav Papa then mean when he says 'Ki Katani Meisis Zeh Hedyot, le'Hachmanah'?

(d) How can we prove from the Lashon that Ravina and Rav Papa do not argue?

(a) The Tana adds one point to the Din of 'Machminim' discussed in our Mishnah.
What does the Nisas do to ensure that, when the Meisis repeats what he said, the witnesses (who are hiding in the outer room) see him clearly (assuming that the room is dark)?

(b) Why is this necessary? Will the fact that they recognize the Meisis' voice not suffice (see Rashash)?

(c) We have already cited our Mishnah, with Rav Yehudah Amar Rav's interpretation of it. Our Mishnah continues with the Din of Mechashef. What does the Tana say about someone who performs illusionary Kishuf (making people believe that he has produced something, when he hasn't)?

(d) What did Rebbi quoting Rebbi Yehoshua say in support of this about two people who perform Kishuf in front of us?

(a) From where do we know that a wizard is Chayav like a witch?

(b) If so, why does the Torah present the case of 'Machshefah' (and not Mechashef)?

(c) What does Rebbi ...

  1. ... Yossi ha'Hagelili learn via the 'Gezeirah-Shavah', "Mechashefah Lo Sechayeh" from "Lo Sechayeh Kol Neshamah"? In which connection is the latter Pasuk written?
  2. ... Akiva learn via the 'Gezeirah-Shavah', "Mechashefah Lo Sechayeh" from "Im Beheimah Im Ish Lo Yichyeh"? In which connection is the latter Pasuk written?
(d) It is easy to understand why Rebbi Yossi ha'Hagelili prefers to learn "Lo Sechayeh" from "Lo Sechayeh" (rather than from "Lo Yichyeh").
But, considering Rebbi Yossi ha'Hagelili's argument, why does Rebbi Akiva learn Machshefah from Har Sinai and not from the Shiv'ah Umos?
Answers to questions



(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Yehudah object to ben Azai, who learns from the S'michus of Mechashefah to bestiality, that Mechashefah receives Sekilah?

(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah himself learn it from Ov and Yid'oni?

(c) To answer the Kashya on Rebbi Yehudah from the fact that Ov and Yid'oni are 'Sh'nei Kesuvim ha'Ba'im ke'Echad', we cite Rebbi Zecharyah. What does Rebbi Zecharyah say?

(d) What did Rebbi Yochanan say about the word 'Keshafim'? What is it the acronym of?

(a) What does Rebbi Chanina say about Kishuf, based on the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Ein Od mi'Levado"?

(b) What did he say to the witch who was trying to take dust from under his feet (to bewitch him)?

(c) How do we reconcile this with Rebbi Yochanan's previous statement?

(d) Rebbi Ayvu bar Nagri Amar Rebbi Chiya bar Aba translates "Lateihem" (in Va'eira) as Ma'aseh Sheidim.
Why is that?

(e) How does he translate "Lahateihem"? What Pasuk in Bereishis does he quote as a source for the latter?

(a) How does Abaye distinguish between Ma'aseh Sheidim and Ma'aseh Keshafim?
How might one be able to tell what sort of spell the magician was about to cast?

(b) In which regard did Abaye compare Hilchos Keshafim to Hilchos Shabbos?

(c) Someone who performs a Ma'aseh Keshafim is Chayav like someone who performs a Ma'aseh Melachah on Shabbos. What is the case in Hilchos Keshafim that is ...

  1. ... Patur Aval Asur, like the Shevusin on Shabbos?
  2. ... Mutar, like it is permitted to guard a trapped animal, to squeeze the pus out of a boil or to trap a snake whilst stopping it from biting?
(d) And we learn this from Rav Chanina and Rav Oshaya. What did Rav Chanina and Rav Oshaya used to do every Erev Shabbos?

(e) What did Rav Ashi see Karna's father doing?

(a) How does Rebbi Elazar explain the Pasuk in Va'eira "Etzba Elokim Hi"?
Why were Paroh's magicians unable to create lice?

(b) According to Rav Papa, they can't even produce larger creatures either. Then how does *he* interpret the Pasuk?

(c) What did Rav tell Rebbi Chiya that he saw an Arab do with ...

  1. ... his sword?
  2. ... his bell?
(d) What did Rebbi Chiya tell him? How did he prove his theory?
(a) What happened to the donkey that Ze'iri purchased in Alexandria shel Mitzrayim?

(b) Why should he have known better? How could he have avoided that?

(c) On what basis did they give him his money back?

(a) What happened when Yanai arrived at an inn and asked for some water?

(b) How did he ...

  1. ... ascertain that the food was indeed bewitched?
  2. ... react to that discovery?
(c) What happened after he rode her into town?

(d) Why can the Yanai mentioned in this incident not possibly have been the Amora Rebbi Yanai?

(a) How does Rebbi Elazar explain the plague of frogs in Egypt, seeing as the Pasuk in Va'eira writes "va'Ta'al ha'Tzefarde'a va'Techas es Eretz Mitzrayim"?

(b) This is also the opinion of Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya say?

(c) What did he say to Rebbi Akiva?

Answers to questions

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