REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 63
SANHEDRIN 63 (8 Kislev) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas: Shoshana Raizel bas Reb
Yisrael Leib -- Mrs. Rose Shaw -- on the second Yahrzeit of her passing, by
her son, Dr. Allen Shaw (Atlanta), and grandchildren, Sheila Jutan and
family (Singapore) and Yisrael Shaw and family (Jerusalem).
(a) Which Pasuk in Yisro does Abaye quote as the source for Rebbi Ami's Din
'Zivach ve'Kitar ve'Nisach be'He'elam Echad, Eino Chayav Ela Echad'?
(b) From the two of the three Hishtachavayos, Abaye himself learns ke'Darkah
and she'Lo ke'Darkah.
What does he learn from the third one?
(c) The three Hishtachavayos in question are "Lo Sishtachaveh Lahem" in the
first Aseres ha'Dibros, "Ki Lo Sishtachaveh le'Eil Acher" in Ki Sisa, and
"Lo Sishtachaveh l'Eloheihem" in Mishpatim.
Why does he ignore a fourth
Hishtachavayah in the second Aseres ha'Dibros?
(d) How can Abaye, who learns that the third Hishtachavayah 'le'Chalek
Yatzas', discuss Rebbi Ami, who obviously does not explain Hishtachavayah in
(a) What does Rebbi Ami learn from the third Hishtachavayah?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Eichah Ya'avdu"?
(c) What problem does this create with Abaye's three Hishtachavayos?
(d) How do we therefore amend Abaye's statement? What does he mean when he
(e) According to what we have just learned, why did Rebbi Elazar above learn
from "ve'Lo Yizbechu", 'Zove'ach le'Markulis'? Since there is only one
Pasuk, why did he not first learn Zove'ach (Shochet) to an idol that is
worshipped Derech Kavod, like Rebbi Ami did?
- ... 'ke'Darkah'?
- ... 'she'Lo Kedarkah?
(a) What does Rav Nachman ... Amar Rav say about someone who declares to an
image 'Eili Atah'?
(b) Why would his statement be redundant if he meant 'Chayav Miysah'?
(c) So we establish Rav by a Chiyuv Chatas.
Why might one be Patur from a
Chatas be'Shogeg even though he is Chayav Sekilah for having done the same
(a) We learned in a Beraisa 'Eino Chayav Ela al Davar she'Yesh Bo Ma'aseh,
K'gon Zivu'ach ve'Kitur ve'Nisuch ve'Hishtachavayah'. Why does Resh Lakish
establish the author as Rebbi Akiva? Which case would pose a problem
according to the Rabbanan?
(b) Then how can Rav rule that 'Eili Atah' is Chayav a Korban? Is that more
of an act than prostrating oneself before it, for which there is no Korban,
according to the Rabbanan?
(c) Why did Rav need to tell us this, why is it not obvious from the fact
that Megadef brings a Korban, as Rebbi Akiva has already taught us (despite
the fact that it is only Dibur)?
(d) According to Rav, what does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa
"va'Yishtachavu Lo va'Yizbechu Lo va'Yomru Eileh Elohecha Yisrael ... "?
(e) How does Rebbi Akiva conform with the Pasuk "ve'Asah" mentioned by
Korban Chatas? Why does he obligate a Chatas for ...
- ... Hishtachavayah?
- ... Megadef and 'Eili Atah'?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about the 'Vav' in the word 'Asher
*He'elu'cha* me'Eretz Mitzrayim"?
(b) This conforms with the opinion of Acherim in a Beraisa.
does Rebbi Shimon raise to this, based on the Pasuk ''Bilti la'Hashem
(c) So how does Rebbi Shimon explain "Asher He'elucha me'Eretz Mitzrayim"?
(a) On what basis do we initially think that Rav Dimi Amar Rebbi Elazar
exempts someone who makes a Neder or a Shevu'ah in the name of an idol from
(b) What problem do we have with the other half of his statement, sentencing
someone who embraces or kisses an idol, or sweeps or settles the dust in
front of it, to Malkos?
(c) Which La'av does he transgress?
(a) We learn the P'tur from Malkos by a 'La'av she'bi'Kelalus' from Ravin
Amar Rebbi Elazar (or Rav Avin bar Kahana).
To which La'av is he referring?
(b) What do the following prohibitions have in common: not to eat part of an
animal before it is dead, not to eat from a Kodshim animal before the blood
has been sprinkled and not to offer a Se'udas Havra'ah to the family of
someone who was put to death by the Beis-Din?
(c) The first two are statements of the Tana Kama, the latter, of Rebbi
Dosa. Rebbi Akiva adds the prohibition of Beis-Din who have sentenced
someone to death to eat for the rest of the day.
Which final case does
Rebbi Yochanan (the Amora) add? For which Chayav Miysah is "Lo Sochlo al
ha'Dam" a warning?
(d) What does Rav Avin bar Chiya (or Ravin bar Kahana) comment on these five
interpretations of the La'av "Lo Sochlo al ha'Dam"?
(a) As a result of the above Kashya, Ravin reverses Rebbi Elazar's two
statements, exempting someone who embraces, kisses, sweeps or settles the
dust in front of an idol from Malkos.
Answers to questions
On what grounds does he sentence
someone who makes a Neder or a Shevu'ah in the name of an idol to death, in
spite of the fact that it is a 'La'av she'Ein Bo Ma'aseh'?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, why is the La'av of leaving
over the Korban Pesach until the morning (in Parshas Bo) not subject to
(c) What does Rebbi Ya'akov say?
(d) On what grounds does Rebbi Yehudah disagree with Rebbi Ya'akov?
(a) The Beraisa learns the Isur of Noder or Mekayem bi'Shemo from the second
half of the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Lo Yishama al Picha".
What does the Tana
learn from the first half of the Pasuk "ve'Shem Elohim Acherim Lo Sazkiru"?
(b) What else does the Tana add to 'Lo Yidor bi'Shemo ve'Lo Yekayem
bi'Shemo', in support of Shmuel's father?
(c) What did Shmuel's father say?
(d) The La'av for Meisis is written in its own Parshah "ve'Chol Yisrael ...
ve'Lo Yosifu La'asos".
What is the La'av for Medi'ach?
(a) When, after Ula had told Rava that he stayed overnight in Kalnevo, the
latter queried the fact that he had mentioned the name of a god, he replied
with a statement of Rebbi Yochanan.
What did Rebbi Yochanan say about the
names of idols mentioned in T'nach?
(b) In what connection do we then quote the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Kara Beil
(c) What is the equivalent in time with regard to the Shiur of one extended
Zivus (which takes the place of three) which corresponds to 'from the time
it takes to go from Migdeyon to Shiloh', given by the Beraisa?
(d) Seeing as Migdeyon (named after the image in that town), is not
mentioned in the Torah, how do we reconcile this with Rebbi Yochanan's
(a) We know that Letzanus (mockery) is forbidden. What does Rav Nachman
prove from the above Pasuk in Yeshayah.
What is that Pasuk saying about
(b) And along similar lines, how do we amend the Pasuk in Hoshe'a, which in
connection with the priests of Beis Aven, writes "Yagilu Alav al Kevodo Ki
(c) What is the literal meaning of the Pasuk?
(d) What idolatrous practice does Rebbi Yitzchak describe, based on another
prophecy of Hoshe'a? What would the people do with the image that they had
made with their silver and gold?
(a) And how does Rebbi Yitzchak quoting de'Bei Rebbi Ami explain the Pasuk
there "Zovchei Adam Agalim Yishakun"?
(b) Rava claims that, in that case, the Navi ought to have written "Agalim
Yishakun li'Zebo'ach Adam".
So how does *he* explain the Pasuk?
(c) Rav Yehudah Amar Rev explains the Pasuk in Melachim which describes how
the people of Bavel made 'Sukos Benos' and the people of Kus, Nergol, the
people of Chamas, Ashima and the Avim, Nivchaz and Tartak'. If ...
(d) The S'farvim would burn their children to their gods Adarmelech and
Anmelech. What shape were these two gods? How does Rav Yehudah explain the
- ... Sukos Benos was an image in the shape of a hen, what shape was Nergol?
- ... Ashima was a goat, what were Nivchaz and Tartak respectively?
(e) Achaz passed his son Chizkiyahu through the fires of S'farvim. How did
- ... 'Adarmelech'?
- ... 'Anmelech'?
(a) How convinced were Yisrael of the Avodah-Zarah which they served so
(b) What analogy does Rebbi Elazar give to describe the Pasuk in Yirmiyah
"ki'Zechor Beneihem Mizbechosam"?
(c) How do we reconcile this with Rav Yehudah Amar Rav's previous statement?
(a) What did Eliyahu ha'Tzadik discover when he was walking around
Yerushalayim among those who were dying of hunger?
Answers to questions
(b) After ascertaining that his entire family had perished, what did he
advise the child to do that would save his life?
(c) What did the child say before producing his god, hugging and kissing it
and suffering a terrible death?
(d) Which Pasuk in Bechukosai foretells of this tragedy?