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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 58


(a) According to Torah law, what would be the Din if a Ger had marital relations with any of his relatives?

(b) Which relations did the Rabbanan prohibit him to marry?

(c) What distinction does the Beraisa make between someone whose father or mother converted between his conception and his birth with regard to marrying his own or his father's half-sister?

(d) Why does the Beraisa refer specifically to someone whose father or mother converted between his conception and his birth? Can we extrapolate from this that if he was born before the conversion, the Chachamim did not decree?

(a) The Tana forbids him to marry his mother's maternal sister, whereas Rebbi Meir extends it to her paternal sister.
What do the Chachamim say?

(b) What do these Tana'im learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Vayeira (in connection with Avraham's statement to Avimelech) "ve'Gam Amnah Achosi bas Avi Hi Ach Lo Bas Imi"?
  2. ... in Bereishis "al-Kein Ya'azov Aviv"?
  3. ... "ve'es Imo"?
(c) Why does Rebbi Meir forbid Achos Imo min ha'Av (seeing as she is not included in the D'rashah of "ve'es Imo"?
(a) Rebbi Meir permits a Ger to marry his brother's wife.
Why is that?

(b) Does it make any difference whether ...

  1. ... she was married to his paternal brother or to his maternal one?
  2. ... his brother married her before he converted or afterwards?
  3. ... or whether his brother married her before he converted and retained her after the conversion or whether he married her afterwards - see Maharsha).
(c) To whom is Rebbi Meir referring when he adds 'all other relatives'?

(d) Why can he not mean to include ...

  1. ... his daughter-in-law?
  2. ... his wife's sister?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir say about a Ger who married a woman and her daughter?

(b) What would this Halachah be referring to if it was speaking about someone whose parents converted between his conception and his birth, like the previous cases?

(c) What is the Tana referring to when he says 'u'Lechatchilah' Lo Yichnos'?

(d) And what does the Beraisa say about a Ger marrying his mother-in-law, in the event that his wife dies? What is the case?

(a) Is a Yisrael Chayav Miysas Beis-Din if he marries ...
  1. ... his father's wife or his mother-in-law?
  2. ... his sister or his father's or mother's sister?
(b) What problem does this create with Rebbi Meir in the Beraisa that we learned earlier?

(c) We answer by establishing Rebbi Meir in the latter Beraisa like to Rebbi Eliezer, and in the former one, like Rebbi Akiva.
Whose Talmid was he?

(d) They argue over the Pasuk "al-Kein Ya'azov Aviv es Aviv ve'es Imo". Rebbi Eliezer interprets this to mean Achos Aviv and Achos Imo.
How does Rebbi Akiva explain ...

  1. ... "es Aviv"?
  2. ... "es Imo"?
(a) Rebbi Akiva learns from "ve'Davak", "ve'Davak" 've'Lo' be'Zachar'.
What does he learn from ...
  1. ... "be'Ishto"?
  2. ... "ve'Hayu le'Basar Echad"?
(b) What do all the cases of Rebbi Akiva have in common?

(c) Why according to Rebbi Eliezer, can ''es Aviv'' not come to forbid ...

  1. ... his father?
  2. ... his father's wife?
(d) We refute this answer however, by then establishing this Pasuk by Eishes Aviv after his father's death.
So how does Rebbi Eliezer really know that ''es Aviv'' does not come to forbid his father's wife?
(a) Rebbi Akiva too, discounts the possibility that "es Aviv" might mean 'his father' because that we know from "ve'Davak" ... . Then how can he learn ...
  1. ... Eishes Aviv from "ve'Es Imo"? Do we not already know this from "be'Ishto", 've'Lo be'Eishes Chaveiro"?
  2. ... Imo from "ve'es Imo"? Do we not already know that from "be'Ishto", too?
(b) What is the S'vara of ...
  1. ... Rebbi Eliezer (Why does he not learn like Rebbi Akiva)?
  2. ... Rebbi Akiva (Why does he not learn like Rebbi Eliezer)?
Answers to questions



(a) The Torah records in Va'eira that Amram married his aunt. We know that as Levi's daughter, she was the sister of Amram's father Kehas.
Why could Kehas and Yocheved not have been born to the same mother?

(b) Avraham told Avimelech that Sarah was his paternal sister, but not his maternal one.
On whom does this pose a Kashya?

(c) What is the problem with the Kashya?

(a) We answer that what Avraham meant to say was that his relationship was one of 'sistership'.
What exactly was he saying? How does this tally with his original statement, that Sarah was his sister?

(b) Why did he then find it necessary to add ''Ach Lo bas Imi'', seeing as she would have been permitted to him even if Haran and he had been born from the same mother?

(c) In what connection do we explain the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ki Amarti Olam Chesed Yibaneh" with regard to Adam and Kayin?

(d) Does this not imply that if not for the Chesed involved, a ben No'ach would be forbidden to marry his sister?

(a) On what basis does Rav Huna permit a ben No'ach to marry his daughter?

(b) In the second Lashon, he forbids it.
On what grounds do we refute his proof from Adam, who was forbidden to marry his daughter (as we just learned in the Beraisa)?

(c) Rav Chisda permits an Eved to marry both his mother and his daughter. How is that possible? Either he is considered a ben No'ach (in which case the former will be forbidden) or he is a ben Yisrael, (and following the Takanas Chachamim, he will be forbidden to marry neither of them).

(a) Rebbi Chanina declares a Nochri who designates a Shifchah for his slave Chayav Miysah, should he subsequently have relations with her.
From which point does she become ...
  1. ... the Eved's 'wife'?
  2. ... free, should she want to walk out on him?
(b) On what basis does Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Chanina forbid a Nochri to have abnormal relations with his wife?

(c) Rava queries this ruling due to the principle 'Mi Ika Midi ... ' ('There is nothing which a Yisrael may do that is forbidden to a Nochri').
So how does *he* present Rebbi Chanina's statement?

(d) And what does Rebbi Chanina say about a Nochri who ...

  1. ... strikes a Yisrael? What is his source?
  2. ... slaps a Yisrael's face? How does he learn this from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Mokesh Adam Yila Kodesh"?
(a) What does Resh Lakish learn from the Pasuk in Sh'mos (in connection with Moshe and the two fighting Yisre'elim) "Va'yomer la'Rasha, Lamah Sakeh le'Rei'echa"?

(b) What does ...

  1. ... Ze'iri Amar Rebbi Chanina add to this?
  2. ... Rav Huna add, based on the Pasuk in Iyov "u'Zero'a Rasha Tishaver"?
(c) What did Rav Huna once do in this regard? By what justification did he do that?

(d) Based on the Pasuk in Iyov "ve'Ish Zero'a Lo ha'Aretz", what ...

  1. ... ultimate punishment does Rebbi Elazar ascribe to him?
  2. ... advice does he give in connection with the purchase of land?
(e) And what does Resh Lakish extrapolate from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Oved Admaso Yisba Lachem"?
(a) What is the source for Resh Lakish's statement, that a ben No'ach who observes Shabbos is Chayav Miysah? How is Miysah hinted there?

(b) On what grounds do we reject the text 'P'shita'? Why is it not so obvious at all?

(a) Is this Mitzvah confined to 'resting' on Shabbos?

(b) Why is it not included in the seven Mitzvos B'nei No'ach?

(c) Seeing as the Torah writes "Lo Yishbosu", what makes it an Asei?

(d) Then why is Dinim (which involves setting up law-courts and judging), included?

Answers to questions

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