REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 50
(a) We initially assume that Sekilah is more stringent than Hereg for the
same reason that it is more stringent than Sereifah.
Why might we have
thought otherwise? Which sin constitutes Poshet Yad be'Ikar, yet is
punishable by Hereg (and not Sekilah)?
(b) Whih stringency is peculiar to Ir ha'Nidachas?
(c) What leads us to the conclusion that Sekilah is more stringent than
Hereg after all?
(d) From where do we know that the Madichin are sentenced to Sekilah?
(a) We initially assume that Sekilah is more stringent than Chenek for the
same reason as it is more stringent than Sereifah.
On what grounds do we
then suggest that perhaps Chenek is at least as stringent as Sekilah (see
Tosfos DH 'Adraba')? Which sin might be as stringent as Megadef and
(b) So we attribute the stringency of Sekilah over Chenek to the fact that a
Na'arah ha'me'Urasah receives Sekilah, whereas a Nusu'ah receives only
What makes a, Arusah more stringent than a Nesu'ah?
(a) Initially, we are unsure which is more stringent, Sereifah or Hereg.
Why might we think that the more stringent of the two is ...
(b) What do we ultimately conclude from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "es *Avihah* Hi
Mechaleles (by Sereifas bas Kohen) from "li'Zenos Beis *Avihah* (from a
- ... Sereifah?
- ... Hereg?
(c) And how do we learn that Sereifah is more stringent than Chenek from a
Nesu'ah bas Kohen?
(d) Initially, we are unsure which is more stringent, Hereg or Chenek.
What stringency does ...
(e) So what do we conclude?
- ... Hereg have over Chenek?
- ... Chenek have over Hereg?
(a) Rebbi Shimon considers Sereifah more stringent than Sekilah.
Answers to questions
not agree with the principle of 'Poshet Yado be'Ikar'?
(b) From where does he derive that Sereifah is more stringent than Chenek,
in spite of the fact that someone who strikes his father or mother receives
(c) What punishment do the Madichei Ir ha'Nadachas receive, according to
(d) Based on this fact, how do we know that Sereifah is more stringent than
Sayaf (despite the fact that Sayaf is given to the residents of Ir
We already learned according to the Chachamim, that Sekilah is more
stringent than Chenek, from the fact that a Na'arah ha'Me'urasah receives
Sekilah, whereas a Nusu'ah receives only Chenek.
From where does Rebbi
Shimon learn that Sekilah is more stringent than Sayaf (via a 'Kal
(a) Rebbi Yochanan would often say that according to the Rabbanan, a Na'arah
ha'Me'urasah bas Kohen who commits adultery remains Chayav Sekilah, whereas
according to Rebbi Shimon, she is Chayav Sereifah.
What is the basis of
(b) What does he say in a case where she has relations with her father,
according to ...
(c) Why does Rebbi Yochanan need to add this second Machlokes?
- ... the Rabbanan?
- ... Rebbi Shimon?
(a) To whom does the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Mos Yumas (meaning via Chenek)
ha'No'ef ve'ha'No'afes" refer?
(b) What are the two 'K'lalim' to which Rebbi Shimon refers?
(c) What does he mean when he says ...
(d) And what does Rebbi Shimon say about the Zomemin of ...
- ... 'Ne'emru be'Bas Kohen'? Does he mean to preclude a bas Yisrael?
- ... 've'Hotzi ha'Kasuv Nesu'ah mi'Chelal Nesu'ah, va'Arusah mi'Chelal Arusah'?
- ... a Nesu'ah bas Kohen?
- ... an Arusah bas Kohen?
(a) The Torah writes "u'Vas Ish Kohen Ki Seichel ... , es Avihah Hi
From where does the Beraisa learn that the Pasuk does not
refer to a bas Kohen who desecrates Shabbos?
(b) And what does the Tana learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Avihah"
"Avihah" (from Na'arah ha'Me'urasah)?
(c) How do we refute the suggestion that the Torah writes "Avihah" to
confine the Din of a bas Kohen to where she committed adultery with her
father (but not with anybody else)?
(a) We suggest that perhaps the 'Gezeirah-Shavah', from Na'arah ha'Me'urasah
also serves to confine the Din of bas Kohen to a Na'arah ha'Me'urasah
Which three cases, besides an old woman, would this preclude?
(b) From which extra letter do we then include them?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
(d) What happens to the latter two?
- ... "u'Vas Ish Kohen"?
- ... "es Avihah *Hi* Mechaleles"?
(a) How can a bas Kohen who is married to a Mamzer or a Nasin be considered
married? Do they not transgress a La'av?
Answers to questions
(b) How can we say that, seeing as we will shortly establish this Beraisa
like Rebbi Akiva, who holds that Kidushin do not take effect by Chayvei