REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 49
SANHEDRIN 49 (24 Cheshvan) - dedicated by Dr. Moshe and Rivkie Snow to the
memory of Rivkie's father, the Manostrishtcher Rebbe, Hagaon Rav Yitzchak
Yoel ben Gedaliah Aharon Rabinowitz Ztz"l. A personification of the Torah
scholar of old, the Ukranian born Rebbe lived most of his life in Brooklyn,
NY, where his warm ways changed many lives.
(a) On which two scores did Benayahu ben Yehoyada judge Yo'av? Which two
Tzadikim had he killed?
(b) How did Benayahu counter Yo'av's argument when he claimed that he killed
Avner because he was the Go'el ha'Dam of Asa'el his brother, whom Avner had
(c) Yo'av replied that Avner could have saved himself by incapacitating him,
without actually killing him.
What did he answer when Benayahu argued that
Avner was under pressure and therefore unable to aim with such precision?
What does the Pasuk (and Rav Yehudah Amar Rav) say that proves otherwise?
(a) Leaving Avner aside, how did Yo'av justify his having killed Amasa? What
had the latter done wrong?
(b) What did Beneyahu mean when he rejected Yo'av's argument on the grounds
that Amasa Darshened 'Achin ve'Rakin'? What is the significance of the Pasuk
in Yehoshua "*Rak* Chazak ve'Ematz" (that Hashem said to Yehoshua during the
early stages of leadership)?
(c) In fact, Benayahu concluded, he (Yo'av) was the Mored be'Malchus.
Why? What had he done?
(d) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explain the Pasuk in Melachim "Ki Yo'av
Natah Acharei Adoniyah ve'Acharei Avshalom Lo Natah"?
(a) What did Rebbi Elazar mean when he attributed Yo'av following Adoniyah
but not Avshalom to the fact that 'Adayin Lachluchis shel David Kayemes'? To
which of the two rebellions was he referring?
(b) According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, it was because of a statement
by Rav Yehudah Amar Rav.
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say with regard to
the four hundred sons of David? Who were they?
(c) What does this have to do Yo'av?
(d) Rebbi Aba bar Kahana disagrees with Yo'av's reason for killing Avner.
How does he explain the Pasuk in Shmuel "Va'yehi David Oseh Mishpat
u'Tzedakah le'Chol Amo, ve'Yo'av ben Tzeruyah al ha'Tzava"?
(a) How does Rebbi Aba bar Kahana interpret the Pasuk there "va'Yeitzei
Yo'av ... va'Yishlach Mal'achim Acharai Avner va'Yashivu Oso mi'Bor
ha'Sirah"? What is the significance of ...
(b) What was Avner's motive in both of these cases?
- ... 'Bor'?
- ... 'Sirah'?
(c) How did Yo'av trick Avner in order to kill him? How does Rav Yehudah
Amar Rav learn this from the Pasuk "va'Yatehu ... le'Daber Ito ba'Sheli"?
(d) And what does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the beginning of the Pasuk
"va'Yateihu Yo'av el Toch ha'Sha'ar"?
(a) The Pasuk describes the two men whom Yo'av murdered as more righteous
What did they both Darshen that he did not?
(b) We have already explained how Amasa Darshened 'Achin ve'Rakin'.
what occasion did ...
(c) What was the difference between the way Avner and Amasa were commanded,
which increases the worth of what they did, and the way Yo'av was commanded,
that makes it even worse?
- ... Avner Darshen them too?
- ... Yo'av fail to Darshen them?
(d) Why was Amasa not wary of the sword in Yo'av's hand?
(a) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explain the Pasuk concerning Yo'av
"va'Yikaver be'Veiso ba'Midbar"? Was that where Yo'av lived?
***** Hadran Alach 'Nigmar ha'Din' *****
(b) Which two sins might we alternatively Darshen were absent from Yo'av's
house like they are not to be found in desert?
(c) What does Rav Yehudah learn from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "ve'Yo'av
Yechayeh es Sha'ar h'Ir"? What would he send to the poor of his town?
Answers to questions
***** Perek Arba Miysos *****
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah lists the four Miysos Beis-Din as 'Sekilah,
Se'reifah, Hereg ve'Chenek'.
How does Rebbi Shimon list them?
(b) Why does the Tana conclude the Mishnah with the words 'Zu Mitzvas
(c) Must the items listed in a Mishnah usually be taken seriously?
(d) Rava Amar Rav Sechorah Amar Rav Huna gives one exception - the Mishnah
in Nidah, which lists seven ingredients 'the spit of someone who has not
yet eaten, the juice or beans that were chewed, urine, Neser (a kind of
earth), a herb called Boris (used as a detergent), Kemulya and Ashlag (a
mineral found in the holes in which pearls sit).
What is the significance
of these seven items used in this particular order? What do they prove?
(e) Will they achieve the same purpose if they are applied simultaneously?
(a) Rav Papa the elder also cites our Mishnah as an exception to Rav Huna's
How does he know that their order is crucial?
(b) Why did Rav Huna himself not cite it?
(c) What are the ramifications of the order of the four Miysos Beis-Din?
What difference does the order make?
(a) Rav Papa includes the Mishnos in Yuma, which describe the Avodah on Yom
Kipur, and about which the Mishnah there specifically writes ' ... Im Hikdim
Ma'aseh la'Chavero, Lo Asah ve'Lo K'lum'.
Why did Rav Huna himself not
(b) Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua adds the Mishnah in Tamid (with reference
to the order of the various Avodos connected with the Korban Tamid).
did Rav Papa not add that to the list of exceptions?
(c) Which case, besides that of the Bigdei Kehunah, did Rav Huna then mean
to include among the Mishnos where the order is of no consequence?
(a) What advice would the Beis-Din offer the Yavam, when he and the Yevamah
first entered the Beis-Din?
(b) What does the Yavam say after the Yevamah has said 'Me'en Yevami ... "?
(c) Which two things would the Yevamah then perform?
(d) What were the Yevamah's final words?
(a) In which language did the Yavam and Yevamah have to speak?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'Yarkah be'Fanav"?
(c) What point is Rav Yehudah Amar Rav making when he states 'Mitzvas
Chalitzah ... ', listing the five stages that are clearly described in the
(a) The second case included in Rav Huna's statement, is that of Bigdei
What are the four garments of a ...
(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "u'Michnesei Vad
Yih'yu al Besaro"?
- ... Kohen Hedyot?
- ... Kohen Gadol?
(c) The Mishnah switches the order (listing the Kutones before the
Michnasayim, because it takes its cue from the Pasuk.
Why does the Pasuk
(a) What is wrong with the basis of the above D'rashah 'Nesu'ah Yotz'ah
li'Sereifah ve'Lo Arusah?
(b) Why might we have thought that Sereifah is the more stringent of the two
(like Rebbi Shimon)?
(c) We explain that nevertheless, Sekilah is more stringent, because the
Torah only sentences a married bas Kohen to Sereifah, but not an Arusah, who
remains Chayav Sekilah?
(d) What is the basis for assuming that an Arusah is more stringent than a
(a) What is wrong with the above D'rashah, based on the statement 'Nesu'ah
Yotz'ah li'Sereifah ve'Lo Arusah?
Answers to questions
(b) Then what is the real source of Sekilah's stringency over Sereifah,
according to the Rabbanan?
(c) How does that now affect their interpretation of the Pasuk by a bas