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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 48


(a) What does the Beraisa say about a veil that was Tamei Medras and that the owner then designated for a Seifer-Torah?

(b) Does this mean that it is Tahor?

(c) How will Rava, who holds 'Hazmanah La'av Milsa Hi', explain this Beraisa?

(d) The fact that despite having wrapped it around the Seifer, he also needs to designate it for that purpose, is based on a statement by Rav Chisda. What does Rav Chisda say about a head-cloth that one either used or designated for use as a Tefilin-bag?

(e) In what way does Abaye disagree with Rav Chisda?

(a) How will Rava establish the Beraisa 'Nefesh (an Ohel) she'Ban'o le'Shem Chai ... Hosif Bo Dimus Echad (one row of bricks) le'Meis, Asur be'Hana'ah'?
If it speaks when he actually buried someone there, then why does the Tana require the extra row of bricks?

(b) What does Rav Chisda say about where the owner remembers which row of bricks he added?

(c) How do we establish the Beraisa that we quoted earlier, forbidding a son to be buried in the grave that he originally dug, to conform with Rava? What is the Tana's reason for forbidding it?

(d) How do we prove this from Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in the Seifa, who extends the prohibition to stones that he quarried from the mine for his father? What do we mean when we say 'I Mishum Hazmanah, Tavi la'Arig Mi Ika le'Ma'n'?

(a) We already cited the Beraisa which forbids a new grave, provided it contains a Nefel (a miscarriage). Why does this Beraisa pose a Kashya on Abaye?

(b) Abaye answers by pointing out that the Tana specifically mentions a Nefel in the Seifa, to preclude the opinion of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel. What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say about Hazmanah with regard to a Nefel?

(c) What is Abaye's answer? How does he now explain the Reisha of the Beraisa?

(a) 'Mosar ha'Meisim, le'Meisim' (if Tzedakah-money that was collected specifically for the burial of Meisei Mitzvah or for poor people remains after they have been buried, must be used for other Meisim). What does this Beraisa go on to say about 'Mosar ha'Meis'?

(b) How do we initially establish the Seifa to conform with Abaye? Why is the designated money not forbidden to the heirs?

(c) The continuation of the Beraisa however, seems to support Abaye. Rebbi Meir rules about the above money 'Lo Yiga Bahen ad she'Yavo Eliyahu'.
What does Rebbi Nasan say?

(a) In fact, we conclude, both Abaye and Rava explain the Beraisa according to their own respective opinions. According to Abaye, all the Tana'im hold in principle 'Hazmanah Milsa Hi', and that explains the opinion of Rebbi Nasan.
Then why does the Tana Kama permit the heirs to use the remaining money?

(b) What does Rebbi Meir then hold?

(c) Whereas according to Rava, all the Tana'im hold in principle 'Hazmanah La'av Milsa Hi', which explains the Tana Kama's opinion.
Why does Rebbi Nasan nevertheless insist that the leftovers go to the Meis on whose behalf the money was collected?

(d) And what does Rebbi Meir then hold?

Answers to questions



(a) What does the Beraisa say about a case where the deceased's parents are throwing clothes on to the bed on which their dead son is lying?

(b) According to Abaye, why do the clothes not become forbidden because of Hazmanah?

(c) How will we establish the Beraisa in view of the Seifa, which renders clothes that touched the coffin Asur be'Hana'ah?

(a) The Seifa of the Beraisa permits a bag which was once used for Tefilin, to be used for money.
What does the Reisha say about a bag which was made to hold Tefilin?

(b) How will Rava explain this Beraisa?

(c) Another Beraisa permits using a bag that was specifically commissioned to be made as a cover for a Seifer-Torah or to hold Tefilin, until it is actually used.
How will Abaye reconcile his opinion with this Beraisa?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about Tefilin that one overlaid with gold or that one covered with the skin of a non-Kasher animal? Why is that?

(b) He permits however, the skin of a Kasher animal even if it was not tanned for the sake of the Mitzvah of Tefilin.
What is the basis of the Tana Kama and of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, who requires the skin to be tanned for the sake of the Mitzvah?

(c) When Ravina asked Rava how it was feasible for someone to die without shrouds having been made for him in advance, in order to bury him as quickly as possible, he replied 'K'gon Shichvi de'Harpanya'.
What did he mean by that?

(d) Mereimar ruled like Abaye, the Rabbanan, like Rava with regard to Hazmanah.
Like whom is the Halachah?

(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, the property of someone killed by the king goes to the king, whereas that of someone killed by Beis-Din goes to his heirs.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah counter the Rabbanan's ...

  1. ... proof from Achav, who killed Navos for his vineyard?
  2. ... counter-argument that Navos had many children?
(c) How do the Rabbanan then explain the Pasuk in Melachim?

(d) How will ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yehudah explain the need for the Navi to add 'Barech Navos Elokim *u'Melech*?
  2. ... the Rabbanan explain the need for the Navi to add 'Barech Navos *Elokim* u'Melech?
(a) Why did Yo'av run into the Azarah and hold on to the Mizbe'ach, according to ...
  1. ... the Rabbanan?
  2. ... Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) What did Yo'av instruct Benayahu ben Yehoyada, whom Shlomoh had sent to kill him, to relay to the King?

(c) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav points out how, now that Shlomoh chose to kill him, all the curses that David had placed on Yo'av, materialized on his own descendants.
What happened to ...

  1. ... Rechavam?
  2. ... Uziyah?
  3. ... Asa?
  4. ... Yoshiyahu?
  5. ... Yechonyah?
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav translates the lameness of Asa as 'Padgera'.
How did Rav Nachman describe the way it feels to his son Mar Zutra?

(b) He may have known about it because he himself went through the experience. He may also have learned it from his Rebbe. What is the third alternative?

(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav comment about Yoshiyah's death at the hand of Par'oh Nechei's archers?

(d) What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav mean when he commented on the episode with Shlomoh and Yo'av 'Tehei Luta ve'Al Tehei Lata'?

Answers to questions

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