REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 43
(a) As we Darshened the Pasuk in Emor "va'Yotzi'u es ha'Mekalel", so too, do
we Darshen the Pasuk "va'Yirgemu Oso Aven".
What do we learn from ...
(b) Having written "Aven", why does the Torah (in connection with the
Mekoshesh Eitzim) need to write "u'Sekaltem Osam *ba'Avanim*"?
- ... "Oso"?
- ... "Aven"?
(c) Seeing as the Tana learned the three camps from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from
"mi'Chutz la'Machaneh", who gives Rav Papa the authority to learn
(a) Rav Ashi learns "Hotzei es ha'Mekalel" like Rav Papa (from the Machaneh
Leviyah), only he learns from the Machaneh Yisrael from "el mi'Chutz
la'Machaneh". "Va'yotzi'u es ha'Mekalel", he says, comes to teach us
'Asiyah' (like we asked on Rav Papa).
Why do we need a second Pasuk
("u'Venei Yisrael Asu ... ") for Asiyah, according to Rav Ashi?
(b) From where do we learn the obligation of pushing the culprit off the
(c) What does Rav Ashi (and Rav Papa) do with the various Pesukim
("ve'Hotzi") mentioned in connection with Parim ha'Nisrafin?
(a) What does Rav Huna say about the stone that is to be used for Sekilah,
the beam of wood on which he will later be hanged and the sword with which
they will stab someone who is Chayav Hereg? What is the fourth item in Rav
(b) What is the reason for this?
(c) Rav Huna was not so certain however, about the cloths and the horse that
would be used to bring the accused back to Beis-Din. The onus to bring these
may well lie on the sentenced man, since they are for his benefit.
the other hand, might the Beis-Din be obligated to bring them?
(d) What does Rav Chiya bar Ashi Amar Rav Chisda learn from the Pasuk in
Mishlei "T'nu Sheichar le'Oved, ve'Yayin le'Marei Nefesh"? What purpose did
(a) Who, according to the Beraisa, used to provide the cup of wine
containing a grain of frankincense?
(b) Initially, Rav Huna's Safek extends to this item too.
Why does he have
no problem resolving this She'eilah, even though the same She'eilah
regarding the cloths and the horse remains unanswered?
(a) Rav Acha bar Huna asked Rav Sheishes what the Din will be if a Talmid
claims that he has something to say in favor of the accused, and is then
What was the She'eilah?
(b) Why did Rav Sheishes give a wave of his hand?
(c) How did the questioner differentiate between his case and someone at the
end of the world?
(d) What does Rav Sheishes extrapolate from Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, who
rules that if a Talmid raised a point in favor of the accused and died,
then, when the court reconvenes on the following day, we assume that he
abides by his previous statement?
(e) What did Rav Acha bar Huna reply?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that we return the accused to Beis-Din even
four or five times, provided he has something to say.
How does Rav Papa
reconcile this with the Beraisa, which allows him to be returned to Beis-Din
twice even if has nothing substantial to say?
(b) Considering that the Sheluchei Beis-Din who carry out the death-sentence
are not necessarily Talmidei-Chachamim, how will they discover whether his
argument is substantial or not?
(c) Why do we not then employ the same tactics the first two times as well?
(a) If Beis-Din found a Z'chus, says the Mishnah, they would send him home.
If not, he would be sent to the Beis ha'Sekilah, and a proclamation would
Answers to questions
What is the wording of that proclamation?
(b) What did Abaye add to it?
(c) What do we extrapolate from the Lashon of the Mishnah 'u'Kruz Yotze
(d) How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi interpret the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
- ... "Zove'ach Todah Yechabdan'ni"? Why does the word contain two 'Nunin'?
- ... "Zivchei Elokim Ru'ach Nishbarah"? Why is "Zivchei" written in the plural?
- ... "Leiv Nishbar ve'Nidkeh Elokim Lo Sivzeh" (the conclusion of the previous Pasuk)?
(a) Our Mishnah describes the last stages before the execution.
they do when the condemned man arrived within four Amos of the Beis
(b) What did they tell him with regard to the value of confession?
(c) And they quoted the episode with Achan.
What did Yehoshua say to Achan
when he began to mock the Goral (the lot that had declared him condemned)?
(d) What was Yehoshua's response when Achan relented and confessed? What
does "Ya'achorcha Hashem *ba'Yom ha'Zeh*" insinuate?
(a) What must the condemned man say if he is unable to confess (with regard
to other sins which he knows he transgressed but which he cannot recall
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, if the condemned man knows that his
witnesses were false, then he precludes the sin for which he has been
condemned from his confession.
On what grounds do the Chachamim object to
(a) Why did Hashem refuse to divulge the culprit who had taken from the
spoils of Yericho?
(b) What was Achan's reaction when the subsequent lot picked him out?
(c) What was Yehoshua's response to Achan's mocking? Why did he use the word
'Na' in his request?
(d) What method did he employ to extract the required confession?
(a) Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Chanina learns from the wording of Achan's confession
"Chatasi la'Hashem Elokei Yisrael, ve'cha'Zos ve'cha'Zos Asisi", that Achan
took spoil on two other occasions besides the battle with Yericho.
did he do that?
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon say ...
- ... with regard to the above? In what point does he argue with Rebbi Chanina?
- ... to explain why Yisrael were not punished until now for Achan's earlier transgressions?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan's latter statement concurs with the opinion of Rebbi
How does Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa interpret the Pasuk in
Nitzavim "ha'Nistaros la'Hashem Elokeinu, ve'ha'Niglos Lanu u'Levaneinu" ...
(b) Why do the dots appear on "Lanu u'Levaneinu" and not on la'Hashem
Elokeinu", where they really belong?
- ... before Darshening the dots on "Lanu u'Levaneinu" and on the 'Ayin' of "Ad"?
- ... after Darshening them?
(c) How do we Darshen the dots now that they appear on "Lanu u'Levaneinu"?
(d) Why is there a dot on the 'Ayin' of "Ad" (see also Tosfos DH 'Melamed')?
(a) How does Rebbi Nechemyah explain the dots?
Answers to questions
(b) What does he say about the Nistaros?
(c) According to him, why were Yisrael punished at all for Achan's sins?