REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 38
(a) Why did Rebbi instruct his servants to give Yehudah and Chizkiyah some
wine? Who were Yehudah and Chizkiyah?
(b) Having drunk, what statement did they make about the coming of ben
David? Which two families would have to first be destroyed?
(c) How did Rebbi react to that?
(d) How did Rebbi Chiya defend his sons?
(a) How does Rav Chisda Amar Mar Ukva (or Amar Rav Chisda Darash Mari Mari
bar Mar) explain the Pasuk "va'Yishkod Hashem al ha'Ra'ah va'Yevi'ehah
Aleinu Ki Tzadik Hashem Elokeinu"? What sort of righteousness was it to
bring the evil upon Yisrael?
(b) The basis for this is the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'ha'Charash ve'ha'Misger
Elef" (hinting at the thousand Talmidei-Chachamim who accompanied Yechonyah
into Galus). Why were they called ...
(c) Ula connects Hashem's righteousness to the Pasuk in Devarim
- ... "Charash"?
- ... "Misger"?
What is the significance of the numerical value
(d) How many years after ...
(e) What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov learn from the D'rashah of
- ... arriving in Eretz Yisrael did they build the Beis-Hamikdash?
- ... the Beis-Hamikdash was built was it destroyed?
(a) What does the Beraisa mean when, in addition to the reasons given in our
Mishnah for Hashem having created only one man, the Tana adds ...
(b) When he says 'she'Lo Yih'yu Mishpachos Misgaros Zu ba'Zu', the Tana
seems to be repeating the argument of 'my father is greater than your
father' mentioned in our Mishnah.
- ... 'she'Lo Yih'yu ha'Tadikim Omrim Anu B'nei Tzadik"?
- ... 've'ha'Resha'im Omrim, Anu B'nei Rasha'?
But what does he mean when he adds
'Mipnei ha'Gazlanim u'Mipnei ha'Chamsanim'?
(c) But are people not guilty of that anyway?
(d) Our Mishnah referred to Hashem's praiseworthiness in creating everyone
with a different face. Why indeed, did He do that?
(a) Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, lists three things by which each person is
unique. Two of them are voice and looks.
What is the third?
(b) Why did He create each person with a different ...
(c) Another Beraisa lists three reasons why Hashem created Adam on Erev
Shabbos; one to counter the heretics, one to put the person in his place and
one for his benefit.
- ... voice and appearance?
- ... mind?
What are the three reasons?
(d) In the context of the third reason, how does the Tana interpret the
Pasuk in Mishlei ...
- ... "Chochmas Bansah Beisah"?
- ... "Chatzvah Amudehah Shiv'ah"?
- ... "Tavchah Tivchah, Maschah Yeinah af Archah Shulchanah"?
- ... "Shalchah Na'arosehah (al Gapei Meromei K'ras)"?
(a) How does Rabah bar bar Chanah resolve the discrepancy between the Pasuk
"al Gapei ... " (implying that Hashem placed Adam in a high location) and
that of "al Kisei"?
(b) The Pasuk in Mishlei poses a question "Mi Pesi Yasur Heinah?".
(c) What does the Pasuk reply?
(d) What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Tehilim "No'ef Ishah Chasar
(a) What does Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "Golmi Ra'u
Answers to questions
(b) What is the basis for Rav Oshaya Amar Rav saying that ...
(c) From which lands were his remaining limbs made?
- ... Adam's body was made from the earth of Bavel?
- ... his head was made from the earth in Eretz Yisrael?
- ... his buttocks were made from Akra de'Agma? Where is Akra de'Agma?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan (or Rebbi Achai) bar Chanina describes what took place on
each of the twelve hours of the sixth day of the Creation.
If the earth
from which he was made was piled up in the first hour and he became a Golem
in the second, what happened in the third hour?
(b) In the fourth hour Hashem breathed a Neshamah into him and in the fifth,
he stood up. What did he do in the sixth?
(c) In the seventh hour he married Chavah, and in the ninth, he was
commanded not to eat from the Eitz ha'Da'as.
What happened in the eighth
(d) We know that Adam was expelled from Gan Eden in the twelfth hour, but
what happened in the tenth and the eleventh hours respectively?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav describes the dialogue between Hashem and certain
groups of angels.
- ... "Adam bi'Yekar ve'Lo Yalin"?
- ... "Nimshal ka'Beheimos Nidmu"?
What had Hashem just told them that elicited the comment
"Mah Enosh Ki Sizkerenu ... "?
(c) How did Hashem respond to that?
(d) After the same had happened to a second group of angels, what did the
third group say (after alluding to what happened to the first two groups)?
(a) And what was Hashem's response to the angels, when they pointed to the
generation of the flood and of the tower, and asked Him whether the first
groups of angels were not right?
(b) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk ...
(c) And what does Rebbi Elazar learn from the same Pasuk in Devarim "le'Min
ha'Yom Asher Bara Elokim es ha'Adam al ha'Aretz u'le'mi'Ketzei ha'Shamayim"?
- ... in Devarim "le'Min ha'Yom Asher Bara Elokim es ha'Adam al ha'Aretz u'le'Miktzei ha'Shamayim"?
- ... in Tehilim "Achor va'Kedem Tzartani *va'Tashes Alai Kapecha*"?
(d) How do we reconcile the two seemingly contradictory Pesukim?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav extrapolate from the Lashon of "Yakru" in
the Pasuk in Tehilim (in connection with the creation of Adam discussed
earlier) "ve'Li Mah Yakru Re'echa Keil"? What does the Pasuk mean?
(b) What caused Adam to make this declaration?
(c) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explain the Pasuk in Bereishis "Vayikra
Hashem Elokim el ha'Adam Vayomer Lo *Ayeka*"?
(d) The Pasuk writes in Hoshe'a "ve'Heimah ke'Adam Avru *B'ris*".
- ... Rebbi Yitzchak explain this Pasuk, based on the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha "es *B'risi* Heifar"?
- ... Rav Nachman explain it, based on the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Vayomru, al Asher Azvu es B'ris Hashem Elokei Avosam"?
(a) Rebbi Eliezer says in Pirkei Avos that one should study Torah diligently
and know what to reply to an Apikores (which normally pertains to someone
who questions the value of Talmidei-Chachamim).
How does Rebbi Yochanan
qualify Rebbi Eliezer's statement? To whom will it not apply?
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about many Pesukim in the Torah which
insinuate that Hashem spoke to His colleagues (Kevayachol)?
(c) As if to prove Rebbi Eliezer's statement, what does Rebbi Yochanan quote
for example, to counter the Pasuk ...
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Daniel "bi'Gezeiras Irin Pisgama
u've'Ma'amar Kadishin She'iltin" that will explain why the Torah use the
plural form in the first place?
- ... in Bereishis "Na'aseh Adam"?
- ... in No'ach "Havah Nerdah *ve'Navlah* Sham Sefasam"?
- ... in Shmuel "u'Mi ke'Amcha Yisrael Goy Echad ba'Aretz, Asher Halchu Elokim ... "?
- ... in Daniel "Ad di Karsin Ramayu", implying a number of thrones for a number of gods?
(a) How will we explain the last of the 'problematic' Pesukim ("Ad di Karsin
Ramayu"), which does not fit the previous explanation? What then, is the
significance of the "thrones", according to ...
(b) How do we know that Rebbi Akiva accepted Rebbi Yossi Hagelili's
- ... Rebbi Akiva?
- ... Rebbi Yossi Hagelili? What is his objection to Rebbi Akiva's explanation?
(c) Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya disagrees however.
How does *he* explain the
two thrones? What did he advise Rebbi Akiva to do?
(a) What did Rav Nachman say about Rav Idis?
(b) How did Rav Idis answer a heretic who asked him why Hashem said to Moshe
(in Parshas Mishpatim) "Alei el Hashem", instead of "Alei Eilai"?
(c) And what did Rav Idis reply when the heretic asked ...
- ... why we do not then worship him?
- ... that if, as the Torah specifically writes, Matatron was not even able to forgive our sins, then of what use was he?
(a) What did that laudryman answer the heretic who asked Rebbi Yishmael
b'Rebbi Yossi why the Torah writes "va'Hashem Himtir al S'dom ... me'es
Hashem" (and not "me'Iti")?
(b) As a source, he cited a Pasuk in Bereishis. What did Lemech say there
to his wives that served as a precedent for doing so?
(c) The laudryman claimed that he had heard the above answer from a D'rashah
by Rebbi Meir.
According to Rebbi Yochanan, how would Rebbi Meir divide
his D'rashos into three?
(a) How many parables about foxes did Rebbi Meir have up his sleeve? How
many of them remain with us?
Answers to questions
(b) What does Yechezkel mean when he says "Avos Yochlu Boser, ve'Shinei
(c) The second parable is the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Moznei Tzedek Avnei
Tzedek". The third, a Pasuk in Mishlei, begins "Tzadik mi'Tzarah Nechlatz".
How does it end?
(d) After advising the wolf to help the Jews to prepare for Shabbos and then
join them at the Shabbos-table, why did the fox quote him the Pasuk ...
- ... "Avos Yochlu Boser ... "?
- ... "Tzadik mi'Tzarah Nechlatz ... ", after inducing him to lower himself down the well for a delicious meal of meat and 'cheese' via the second bucket (see Agados Maharsha)?