REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 26
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Behar (in connection with
Sh'mitah-fruit) "ve'Hayah Lachem le'Ochlah"?
(b) Initially, we interpret Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah 'bi'Techilah Hayu
Korin Osan Osfei Shevi'is' to mean that he invalidates Sochrei Shevi'is but
validates Osfei Shevi'is.
What is the difference between the two?
(c) According to Rav Yehudah, what caused the Chachamim to decree on the
Osfei Shevi'is too?
(d) Based on the Lashon 'mi'she'Rabu ha'Anasin', on what grounds do the
B'nei Rachbah reject Rav Yehudah's interpretation?
(a) So we explain Rebbi Shimon to mean that they initially disqualified
Osfei Shevi'is as well as Sochrei Shevi'is.
What happened subsequently that
caused them to be lenient with the Osfei Shevi'is? What is 'Arnona'?
(b) What authority did the Chachamim have to permit a Torah prohibition due
to monetary considerations?
(c) What did Rebbi Yanai announce one Sh'mitah?
(a) Resh Lakish met Rebbi Chiya bar Zarnuki and Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak
on their way to Asya.
What were they going to do there?
(b) Why did he decide to accompany them?
(c) What did he see that caused him to announce 'Kohen ve'Choresh'?
(d) What might they have meant when they vindicated the Kohen by stating
'Yachol Lomar Agiston be'Socho'?
(a) And what did they reply when he spotted a man pruning his vineyard and
announced 'Kohen ve'Chasach'?
(b) How did Resh Lakish react to their reply?
(c) On what grounds do we invert the order of the two incidents?
(d) Why, in both of the above incidents, did Resh Lakish assume that the
tansgressors were Kohanim?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a Sa'ah of Terumah that fell into ...
(b) What concession would we have expected he Tana to make?
- ... a hundred Sa'ah of Shemitah-produce?
- ... less than a hundred Sa'ah of Shemitah-produce?
(c) Then why didn't he?
(d) On what basis were the Kohanim in particular, lax in this regard?
(a) Rebbi Chiya bar Zarnuki and Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak considered Resh
Lakish a trouble-maker.
What did they do after arriving in Asya and
ascending (via the ladder) to the attic, to work out the leap-year?
(b) What did Resh Lakish subsequently ask Rebbi Yochanan about them?
(c) Why did he reject his own suggestion that they were not worse than three
Ro'ei Bakar, and that the Rabbanan accepted their decision on the basis of
their own calculations?
(d) What was Rebbi Yochanan's reaction when Resh Lakish referred to the two
as 'Kesher Resha'im'?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan reply when Rebbi Chiya bar Zarnuki and Rebbi
Shimon ben Yehotzadak asked him why he remained silent when Resh Lakish had
referred to them as 'Ro'ei Bakar'(see Agados Maharsha)?
(b) Shevna lived in the time of Chizkiyah Hamelech.
If Chizkiyah would
Darshen to 110,000 Talmidei-Chachamim, how many would attend Shevna's
(c) What did Shevna do during Sancheriv's siege of Yerushalayim?
(d) What did the Navi tell Chizkiyah, to dispel his fear that the minority
of the city would be delivered into the hands of Sancheriv together with the
majority? What do we prove from there?
(a) Why does the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ki Hinei ha'Resha'im Yidrechun Keshes"
(with reference to Shevna) use the Lashon "Keshes"?
(b) Why did Shevna go and dig himself a grave among the kings of Malchei
(c) What news did the Navi have for him?
(d) What does Rav extrapolate from the Lashon "Hinei Hashem Metaltelecha
(a) What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina learn from the conclusion of the
Pasuk "ve'Otyach *Atah*", based on the Pasuk in Tazri'a "ve'Al Safam
Answers to questions
(b) Why did his days end in disgrace?
(c) Why did Shevna alone surrender to Sancheriv?
(d) How did Sancheriv react to his claim that his followers had all betrayed
(e) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk there (in connection with
Shevna) "Lech Na el ha'Sochen ha'Zeh" (based on the Pasuk in Melachim [in
connection with Avishag ha'Shunamis] "Va'tehi Lo Sochenes")?
(a) The Pasuk in Tehilim that we quoted earlier concludes "Ki ha'Shasos
Yeharesun, Tzadik Mah Pa'al". Both Rav Yehudah and Rav Einah agree that
"Tzadik Mah Pa'al" refers to Hashem.
What does the Pasuk mean according to
the one who ascribes "Ki ha'Shasos Yeharesun" to ...
(b) And what does the Pasuk mean according to Ula, in whose opinion "Ki
ha'Shasos Yeharesun refers to Shevna"?
- ... Chizkiyahu?
- ... the Beis-Hamikdash?
(c) What does "ha'Shasos" mean according to the one who ascribes it the
(d) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Shmuel (with reference to the
Tzadikim) "Ki la'Hashem Metzukei Eretz *va'Yashes* Aleihem Teivel"?
(a) In the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Hifli Eitzah Higdil Tushiyah", why does the
Navi use the word "Tushiyah" in connection with Torah and those who study
(b) Alternatively, it means that the Torah was given secretly, so that the S
atan should not prosecute Yisrael (see Tosfos cited by Mesores ha'Shas).
What does the word mean according to a third explanation, based on the
acronym of its root letters 'Taf' and 'Shin'?
(c) What does Ula mean when he says that thoughts are efficient, even for
words of Torah?
(d) When, according to Rabah, will those thoughts not be able to do that?
(a) Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Elazar rules like Rebbi Yehudah, who restricts
the Pesulim in our Mishnah to those who have no other occupation.
precondition does he require for most of the Pesulim to take effect?
(b) Which case might be the sole exception, because it is subject to a
Machlokes between Rav Acha and Ravina?
(c) How will the one who learns that he *does* require Hachrazah, explain
Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, who rules 'S'tam Ro'eh Pasul'?
(d) What objection did Rava raise when Rav Papa bar Shmuel wanted to
validate a Gazlan's testimony, on the grounds that Beis-Din had not yet
announced him to be Pasul?
(a) What did Rav Nachman mean when he declared that 'Ochlei Davar Acher' are
Pasul to testify? What is his reason?
(b) Rav Nachman's ruling does not apply to those who do so discreetly.
When will it not even apply to those who do it openly?
(a) What did Rav Sheishes comment, when Rav Nachman validated the testimony
of someone who is suspect of having committed adultery?
(b) When, according to Rava, will even Rav Nachman agree with Rav Sheishes?
(c) Ravina (or Rav Papa) restricts this to testifying about the woman's
divorce, but not about her marriage.
Why might we have thought otherwise?
(d) Why is that?
(a) What is a 'Ganav Nisan' and a 'Ganav Tishri'?
(b) Given that Rav Nachman is talking specifically about an Aris (a
share-cropper), why does he not consider him a Ganav (with regard to
testifying or judging)?
(c) Which two additional conditions does he require for this lenient ruling
to take effect?
(d) Bearing in mind Rav Nachman's previous ruling, why did Rav Z'vid
disqualify one of his workers for stealing a Kav of barley, and another, for
stealing a ball of wool.
(a) What did Rav Papa do to those two undertakers who buried someone on the
first day of Shavu'os?
Answers to questions
(b) How did Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua explain to Rav Papa why he
overturned his ruling and permitted them to testify? Why were they not
(c) And what did he reply when Rav Papa asked him further why they had not
realized from the Niduy that he placed on them after the first time that
they had sinned?