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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 22

SANHEDRIN 21-22 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two more days of study material to honor her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner) of blessed memory (Yahrzeit: 18 Teves). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) Rebbi maintains in a Beraisa, that the Torah was actually given in K'sav Ashuris.
Then why were they unable to read the writing on the wall?

(b) And why is it then called K'sav Ashuris?

(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar in the name of ... Rebbi Elazar ha'Muda'i also agrees that the Torah was given in Ashuris, but he adds that it was never changed.
How does he learn this from the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... Terumah "Vavei ha'Amudim"?
  2. ... Esther "ve'el ha'Yehudim, ki'Chesavam ve'chi'Leshonam"?
(d) How does he then interpret the Pasuk "ve'Chasav Lo es *Mishneh ha'Torah* ha'Zos"?
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar ... learn from the juxtaposition of the Pasuk in Tehilim "Shivisi Hashem Lenegdi Tamid" to that of "Ki mi'Yemini bal Emot"?

(b) The other Tana (see Maharshal and Maharsha) explains "Shivisi Hashem Lenegdi Tamid" like Rav Chana bar Bizna Amar Rebbi Shimon Chasida.
How does he interpret the Pasuk (in connection with Tefilah)?

(c) What does "Mene Mene Tekil u'Farsin' mean?

(d) According to the Amora'im, the words appeared in code (which is the reason that they were unable to read it.
How would one decipher the following code ...

  1. ... 'Yetes Yetes Edich Pugchemat' (Rav)?
  2. ... Mamtus Nankefi E'elran' (Shmuel)?
  3. ... 'Enem Enem Liket Nisrafu' (Rebbi Yochanan)?
  4. ... 'Neme Neme Ketil Pursin' (Rav Ashi)?
(a) Our Mishnah forbids one to ride on the king's horse or to sit on his throne.
What is the third thing on the list?

(b) Besides not seeing him whilst he is having his haircut, how else should one not see him?

(c) What is the source of all these Halachos?

(a) Who was Avishag ha'Shunamis?

(b) According to Rav Ya'akov Amar Rebbi Yochanan she was permitted to Shlomoh, but forbidden to Adoniyah.
Why was that?

(c) What did David reply when Avishag asked him why he did not marry her?

(d) What did Avishag mean with the parable of a thief who cannot find anything to steal, and who therefore makes himself out to be transformed?

(a) How did David refute Avishag's suggestion?

(b) Why did David not simply divorce one of his eighteen wives? Why would that have been so much more correct?

(c) What did Rebbi Elazar say about someone who divorces his first wife?

(d) And what does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... Mishlei "ve'Im Ein Lecha Le'shalem, Lamah Yikach Mishkavcha mi'Tachtecha"?
  2. ... Yechezkel "ben Adam, Hin'ni Loke'ach Mim'cha es *Machmad Einecha* ba'Mageifah ... va'Tamas Ishti ba'Erev" and the Pasuk there "Hin'ni Mechalel es Mikdashi Ge'on Uzchem *Machmad Einechem*"?
(a) What does Rebbi Alexandri learn from the Pasuk "Or Choshech Be'Ohalo ve'Neiro Alav Yidach"?

(b) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina learns from a Pasuk that his steps become shorter.
What does Rebbi Avahu learn from the Pasuk "va'Tashlichehu Atzaso"?

(c) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan compares matching them in the first place to the splitting of the Reed Sea.
On the other hand, what does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about the making of a Shiduch in Heaven?

(d) How do we now reconcile the two statements?

(a) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni list as the only thing that has no substitute?

(b) What was Rav Yehudah telling his son Rav Yitzchak when he quoted him the Pasuk in Mishlei "Yehi Mekorcha Baruch, u'Semach me'Eishes Ne'urecha"?

(c) When Rav Yitzchak asked his father to cite a practical example, what did Rav Yehudah reply?

(d) How do we reconcile this with the fact that Rav Yehudah also cited his wife as a practical example of the Pasuk in Koheles "u'Motze Ani Mar mi'Maves, es ha'Ishah ... "?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rav Shmuel bar Uni'ah mean when, in the name of Rav, he describes a woman as a 'Golem'? How does he derive this from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ki Bo'alayich Osayich"?

(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Rus "Va'yamas Elimelech Ish Naomi"?
  2. ... in Va'yechi "va'Ani be'Vo'i mi'Padan, Meisah Alai Rachel"?
(c) Why does the king require a haircut every day?

(d) How often does one cut the hair of ...

  1. ... a Kohen Gadol? Why is that?
  2. ... a Kohen Hedyot?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Yechezkel (in connection with Kohanim) "ve'Rosham Lo Yegalechu *u'Pera* Lo Yeshalechu" in conjunction with the Pasuk in Naso (in connection with a Nazir) "Gadel *Pera* Se'ar Rosho")?
  2. ... "Kadosh *Yih'yeh*"?
(b) What does Abaye learn from the Lashon "Pera Lo Yeshalechu"? What would the Din have been had the Torah written "Lo Yeshalchu Pera"?

(c) When Rav Papa asked him why this prohibition does not apply nowadays, he replied 'like wine'.
What did he mean by that? What is his source for that?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about a Kohen who knows ...
  1. ... only to which of the twenty-four groups he belongs?
  2. ... to which Beis-Av he belongs as well?
  3. ... neither of them?
(b) What does Rebbi say about this?

(c) What does 'Takanaso Kalkalaso' mean?

(d) What did Abaye say about Kohanim who drink wine any time nowadays? Like whom must they hold?

(a) What is the Chachamim's reason for the above prohibition?

(b) Why then, do they permit a Kohen to have long hair nowadays?

(c) They do not however, rely on Rav Acha, who permits a Kohen to serve in the Beis-Hamikdash if he drank wine, as long as he walks a Mil or sleeps a little, because of a statement of Rav Nachman Amar Rabah bar Avuhah.
What did he say about someone who drank more than a Revi'is?

(d) Rav Ashi bases the above discrepancy on a basic distinction between a Kohen who drank wine and one who had a haircut.
What is the difference between them?

(a) We learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "Yayin ve'Sheichar Al Teisht Atah u'Vanecha ve'Lo Samusu" that a Kohen who drinks wine and serves in the Beis-Hamikdash is Chayav Miysah.
From where does the Tana of the Beraisa learn that he is also Chayav Miysah for serving with long hair?

(b) Why does this pose a Kashya on Rav Ashi (which will remain unanswered)?

(c) The problem with relying on Yechezkel for this Hekesh, Ravina asked Rav Ashi, is from where they knew before the times of Yechezkel, that a Kohen who serves with long hair is Chayav Miysah.
How does Rav Ashi ultimately answer this Kashya?

(d) What other 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai' does Yechezkel teach us in connection with an Areil Basar and an Areil Leiv? What is an Areil Leiv?

(a) The Pasuk in Yechezkel, with reference to the hair-cut of a Kohen, uses the expression "Kasom Yiksemu es Rasheihem", which the Tana compares to the haircut of Lulianus.
What sort of haircut is that?

(b) What did Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel mean when he described it as 'Tisporta Yechida'ah'?

(c) When they asked Rebbi about the haircut of a Kohen Gadol, he pointed at ben Elasha. Who was ben El'asha?

(d) What did Rebbi comment on the huge sum of money that ben Elasha spent to learn how to give such a haircut?

***** Hadran Alach, Kohen Gadol *****

Answers to questions

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