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Sanhedrin 21

SANHEDRIN 21-22 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two more days of study material to honor her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner) of blessed memory (Yahrzeit: 18 Teves). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) How many wives does the Tana Kama permit a king to marry?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah permits more, provided they do not turn him away from serving Hashem. What does Rebbi Shimon say? Why does the Torah write "Lo Yarbeh Lo Nashim"?

(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, when the Torah writes "Lo Sachbol Beged Almanah", it is referring to any Almanah.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(d) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(a) How does the Machlokes between Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon regarding the security of an Almanah clash with their Machlokes in our Mishnah?

(b) If Rebbi ...

  1. ... Yehudah does not generally Darshen the Torah's reason for Mitzvos, why does he Darshen it here?
  2. ... Shimon generally Darshens the Torah's reasons for the Mitzvos, why does he does he not do so here?
(c) How many wives did David have in Chevron?

(d) What do the following have in common Amnon, Kill's, Avshalom, Adoniyah, Shefatyah and Yisre'am?

(a) What do we learn from the Navi's words to David "Im Me'at, ve'Osifah Lecha Kaheinah ve'Chaheinah"?

(b) According to others, a king is permitted twenty-four wives.
What does a third opinion hold?

(c) What is the source for saying ...

  1. ... twenty-four?
  2. ... forty-eight?
(d) On what grounds does the Tana of our Mishnah decline to learn like the first of the two latter Tana'im?
(a) The Tana lists the six wives of David (in Chevron) Achino'am ha'Yizre'elis, Avigayil Eishes Naval ha'Karmeli, Ma'achah, Chagis, Avital and Eglah.
Why does the Pasuk omit Michal?

(b) Then why does the Pasuk refer to her as 'Eglah'?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with Shimshon) "Lulei Charashtem *be'Eglasi*, Lo Metzasem Chidasi"?

(a) How does Rav Chisda initially reconcile what we just said with the Pasuk in Shmuel "u'le'Michal bas Shaul Lo Hayah Lah V'lad ad Yom Mosah"?

(b) How do we refute this explanation on the basis of the fact that the first Pasuk was said in Chevron?

(c) What is the significance of the fact that the second Pasuk was said in Yerushalayim? What did Rav Yehudah (and some say Rav Yosef) say about this?

(d) So how do we answer the initial Kashya? Did Michal have children or not?

(a) The Pasuk records that David 'married' more women and concubines.
How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav define the difference between a wife and a concubine?

(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav also describes David Hamelech's four hundred children.
Who were their mothers?

(c) How does he describe them?

(d) And he also refers to them as 'Ba'alei Agrupin shel Beis David'.
What does this mean?

(a) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav prove that David's daughter Tamar, was also the daughter of a Y'fas To'ar?

(b) Amnon had a friend called Yonadav ben Shim'ah.
What sort of Chacham does Rav Ashi describe him as?

(c) What advice did Yonadav give Amnon?

(d) What sort of food did Tamar prepare for her 'sick 'brother'?

(a) After the rape, Amnon hated Tamar even more intensely than he had previously been infatuated by her.
What had Tamar done to earn that hatred?

(b) How do we reconcile this with Rava, who says that the B'nos Yisrael did nor have under-arm hair or pubic hair (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah interpret Tamar's tears and screams for the good?

(d) What does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak extrapolate from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Ki Yesischa Achicha ben Imecha (and not Ben Avicha!)?

(e) We reconcile this with Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, who said that they decreed 'al ha'Yichud (of a married woman) ve'al ha'Penuyah, after the incident with Amnon and Tamar?

Answers to questions



(a) What was unusual about the crown that was worn by the kings of Beis David?

(b) In view of that, what are the connotations of the Pasuk in Melachim "va'Adoniyah ben Chagis Misnasei Leimor Ani Emloch!" What was his mistake?

(c) The Pasuk in Melachim describes how Adoniyah arranged for a special chariot and riders and fifty men to run in front of his chariot.
What was unusual about those fifty runners?

(a) How many horses does our Mishnah permit a king to own ...

(b) ... and how much silver and gold?

(c) What does he do with the special Seifer-Torah that he writes himself when he ...

  1. ... goes out to war?
  2. ... sits in judgment?
  3. ... sits in his palace?
(d) From where do we learn this?
(a) What do we learn from the word ...
  1. ... "Lo" in the Pasuk in Shoftim "Lo Yarbeh Lo Susim"?
  2. ... "Susim" there?
  3. ... "Lema'an Harbos Sus"?
(b) Having written "Lema'an Harbos Sus", why does the Torah then need to write "Susim"?

(c) What do we mean when we say that, if not for "Lo", we would have forbidden the king to own even permitted to own the minimum amount of horses that a royal stable requires?

(d) And by the same token, what do we mean when we say that, had the Torah not inserted "Lo" in the Pasuk "ve'Chesef ve'Zahav Lo Yirbeh Lo", he would not even have been permitted to own the minimum amount of silver and gold that he needs to entertain his royal guests?

(e) Now that "Lo" comes for a D'rashah, what do we learn from the Pasuk "Lo Yarbeh *Lo* Nashim"?

(a) How does Rav Yehudah explain the discrepancy between the Pasuk in Melachim "Vayehi li'Shlomoh Arba'im Elef Arvos Susim le'Merkavto", and the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Vayehi li'Shlomoh Arba'as Elef Aryos Susim"?

(b) And how does Rav Yitzchak explain the discrepancy between the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim, which describes silver as valueless in the days of Shlomoh, and the Pasuk in Melachim, which compares it to stones?

(c) According to Rebbi Yitzchak, how did the angel Gavriel react to Shlomoh's marriage to the daughter of Par'oh?

(d) Why does the Torah decline to give reasons for many of the Mitzvos? What does this have to do with the Mitzvos of "Lo Yarbeh Lo Nashim" and Lo Yarbeh Lo Susim"?

(a) Can a king fulfill his obligation with the Seifer-Torah that he inherited from his father?

(b) What does Rabah learn from the Pasuk in Vayeilech "ve'Atah Kisvu *Lachem* es ha'Shirah ha'Zos"? Which Mitzvah does it refer to?

(c) To reconcile Rabah with the Beraisa, which implies that an ordinary person can fulfill his obligation with an inherited Seifer-Torah, we cite the Pasuk "ve'Kasav Lo es Mishneh ha'Torah ha'Zos".
How does this help explain the discrepancy? How do we interpret "Mishneh ha'Torah"?

(d) What does he do with each of these Sefarim?

(a) How does he transport the Seifer that accompanies him wherever he goes?

(b) Under which circumstances does it not accompany him?

(c) How do we learn this from the Pasuk "ve'Kara Bo ... "?

(a) According to Mar Zutra (and some say Mar Ukva), the Torah was given to us at Har Sinai in the Ivri script and in the Lashon ha'Kodesh language.
What is the Ivri script?

(b) What changes did Ezra make when he returned from Bavel?

(c) Yisrael left the Hedyotos the Ivri script and the Aramaic language. Who are the Hedyotos?

(d) What did they choose for *themselves*, with regard to ...

  1. ... the script?
  2. ... the language?
(a) What does Rav Chisda describe as 'K'sav Libuna'ah'? What is K'sav Libuna'ah?

(b) If, as Rebbi Yossi says in a Beraisa, Ezra was worthy of receiving the Torah, then why wasn't it?

(c) Based on the Pasuk in Yisro "u'Moshe Alah el ha'Elokim", how does Rebbi Yossi explain the Pasuk in Ezra "Hu Ezra Alah mi'Bavel"?

(d) What else did Ezra do that the Pasuk compares to Moshe?

(a) Ezra did not give us the Torah.
What did he nevertheless do, based on the Pasuk in Ezra "u'K'sav ha'Nishtavan"?

(b) The first signs of this change took in the time of Daniel.
Why was nobody able to read the writing on the wall in the episode with Beltshatzar?

(c) What does the Pasuk in Shoftim "ve'Kasav es *Mishneh ha'Torah* ha'Zos" mean, according to the current explanation?

(d) Why was the new script called 'K'sav Ashuris'?

Answers to questions

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