REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 19
(a) What prompts Rebbi Meir to explain "u'min ha'Mikdash Lo Yeitzei" to mean
that the Kohen Gadol should not negate his Kedushah, as we learned in our
Mishnah, and not literally, like Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) Bearing in mind the principle 'Kohanim Zerizim Heim', why would the
Torah need to be afraid that the Kohen Gadol, of all people, might desecrate
his Kedushah and make himself Tamei, once it has forbidden him to do so?
(a) Our Mishnah explains how the S'gan would walk on the outside of the
Kohen Gadol as he walked past the Aveilim. The Beraisa describes a different
scenario. According to the latter, who walked with the S'gan on his right?
(b) The Rosh Beis-Av walked on his left, between the Kohen Gadol and the
Aveilim and the people.
Who was ...
(c) When the Kohen Gadol was an Aveil, the S'gan again stood on his right as
the people filed past him.
- ... the Rosh Beis-Av?
- ... the Mashu'ach she'Avar?
Of the two who stood on his left when he
comforted others, which one was missing here? Why was that?
(d) Rav Papa extrapolates three things from this Beraisa: 1. that the S'gan
and the Memunah are one and the same; 2. that the Aveilim stand still and
the people file past.
What is the third lesson?
(a) Nowadays, we do the reverse, and it is the Aveilim who walk in between
two rows formed by the comforters.
What caused this change of custom?
(b) What did Rebbi Yossi instigate in Tzipori?
(c) What else did he instigate in Tzipori, according to Rami bar Aba, the
author of the current statements, with regard to ...
(d) Rebbi Yashiyah Rabah informed Rebbi Menashya bar Avas that a Shurah
requires ten people.
- ... a woman taking her son for a walk in the main road?
- ... about women in the bathroom?
Does this include the Aveilim at a time when the
- ... stood still and the comforters filed past them?
- ... filed past the comforters?
(a) According to the Beraisa, what does the Kohen Gadol say after a Levayah?
(b) How do we know that the Tana is not referring to his reply to those who
(c) What do we then prove from here?
(a) The Pasuk in Yirmiyah writes "Beis David Koh Amar Hashem, Diynu la'Boker
How do we extrapolate from there that a king can be judged?
(b) How does Rav Yosef reconcile this with our Mishnah, which precludes a
king from either judging or being judged?
(c) The prohibition of a King of Yisrael to judge or to be judged was the
result of an episode that took place during the time of the second
Which king did it involve?
(d) Why did Shimon ben Shetach call him to court? Why could he not pass
sentence without him?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk "v*e'Amdu ha'Anashim* Asher Lahem ha'Riv
Answers to questions
(b) Why did Yanai Hamelech continue to remain seated even after Shimon ben
Shetach ordered him to stand?
(c) What was the reaction of the other judges to the king's challenge?
(d) What was Shimon ben Shetach's response to the judges' irresponsible
(e) And did Hashem respond to that?
(a) What distinction does Rav Ashi draw between a Nasi and a king foregoing
(b) How do we reconcile this with Rebbi Yehudah, who permits a king to
perform Yibum or Chalitzah (as we learned in our Mishnah)?
(c) How do the Rabbanan interpret the Pasuk "ve'es Neshei Adonecha
be'Cheikecha", from which Rebbi Yehudah proves that a king may marry the
Almanah of a king (as we learned in our Mishnah)?
(a) According to Rebbi Yossi, seeing as Meirav and Michal were sisters,
David must have married Michal only after Meirav's death.
How does Rebbi
Yehoshua ben Korchah explain it?
(b) On what grounds did Shaul give Meirav to Adriel?
(c) How does Rav explain Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah's proof for this from
the Pasuk in Shmuel "T'nah *es Ishti es Michal* Asher Erasti Li be'Me'ah
(a) To whom did Shaul give Michal after having betrothed her to David?
(b) Why did he do that? What did a hundred Orlos of P'lishtim have to do
(c) Then why did David believe his betrothal to be valid?
(d) What is the basis of their Machlokes, assuming that they both held
'ha'Mekadesh be'Milveh u'Perutah, Da'atah a'Perutah'?
(a) What problem do we now have with Rebbi Yossi (who holds that David
married Michal after the death of Meirav her sister) vis-a-vis the Pasuk
"T'nah es Ishti es Michal"?
(b) We answer this by first presenting another problem, based on the Pasuk
which speaks about the five sons of Michal, whom Shaul had given to Adrichal
How does Rebbi Yossi explain this seemingly strange Pasuk?
(c) How does this help us to understand Rebbi Yossi's interpretation of the
Pasuk "T'nah es Ishti es Michal"?
(d) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah declines to learn the Kidushin of Meirav from
a Pasuk that talks about Michal.
So how does *he* explain the fact that
the Pasuk mentions Michal when it is really speaking about the sons of
(a) What does Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Rus (in connection with
the birth of Rus' son Oved) "va'Tikrenah Lo ha'Shecheinos Shem Leimor *Yulad
(b) Rebbi Yochanan learns it from a Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "ve'Ishto
ha'Yehudiyah Yaldah es Yered, Avigdor ... Eileh B'nei Bisya bas Paroh, Asher
Who was "Yered, Avigdor ... "?
(c) Why was ...
(d) How does Rebbi Yochanan learn Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah's principle
from this Pasuk?
- ... Kalev (Bisya's husband) called "Mered"?
- ... Bisyah referred to as "Yehudiyah?
(e) And how does Rebbi Elazar learn it from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ga'alta
bi'Zero'a Amecha, B'nei Ya'akov *ve'Yosef* Selah"?
(a) What is the problem with the Pasuk in Bamidbar "ve'Eileh Toldos Aharon
(b) So what does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from
(c) As we do not find anywhere that Ya'akov redeemed Avraham, what does the
Pasuk in Yeshayah mean when it writes that he did?
(d) To whom does the Pasuk there refer when it writes ...
- ... "Lo Atah Yevosh Ya'akov"?
- ... "ve'Lo Atah Panav Yechvaru"?
(a) Why does the Pasuk sometimes refer to Palti ben Layish as 'Paltiel'?
(b) Knowing that Michal was betrothed to David, what did he do to avoid
(c) Then why does the Pasuk in Shmuel describe how, when she was taken back
to David, he followed her in tears?
(d) What is the significance of the place 'Bachurim', where he turned back?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan mean when he says ...
(b) What does the Pasuk in Rus mean when it writes "Vayehi ba'Chatzi
ha'Laylah, Vayecherad ha'Ish *Vayilafes"*?
- ... 'Tokfo shel Yosef Invesanuso shel Bo'az'? In what way was Bo'az greater than Yosef?
- ... 'Tokfo shel Bo'az Invesanuso shel Palti ben Layish? In what way was Palti greater than Bo'az?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan explains the Pasuk in "Eishes Chayil" (in Mishlei).
Whom did Shlomoh have in mind when he wrote ...
(d) And according to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan, whom did
Shlomoh have in mind when he wrote ...
- ... "Rabos Banos Asu Chayil"?
- ... "ve'At Alis al Kulanah"?
- ... "Sheker ha'Chein"?
- ... "ve'Hevel ha'Yofi"?
- ... "Ishah Yir'as Hashem hi Sis'halal"?
(a) According to others, "Sheker ha'Chein" refers to the generation of
Moshe, and "ve'Hevel ha'Yofi", to that of Yehoshua.
Answers to questions
To which generation
then, does "Ishah Yir'as Hasham hi Sis'halal" refer? In which context is
(b) According to yet others, "Sheker ha'Chein" refers to the generation of
Moshe and Aharon, and "ve'Hevel ha'Yofi", to that of Chizkiyah, whereas
"Ishah Yir'as Hashem hi Sis'halal" refers to the generation of Rebbi Yehudah
What was so special about his generation? What did they say
about the Talmidim that lived then?