(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Sanhedrin 14


(a) On what grounds did the Romans kill Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava?

(b) What was the significance of his issuing the Semichah between Usha and Shefor'am (two big cities, also between two big mountains and two Techumei Shabbos)?

(c) How did the Romans kill Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava?

(d) Why did they not also kill the Talmidim, in compliance with the decree?

(a) How do we reconcile the above with Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan, who emphatically stated that Rebbi Akiva gave Rebbi Meir Semichah (and not Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava)?

(b) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi said 'Ein Semichah be'Chutz la'Aretz'.
Why could he not literally have meant that Semichah is ineffective in Chutz la'Aretz (and that no-one there can rule Diynei K'nasos)? What does the Mishnah in Makos say about this?

(c) Then what did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi mean?

(d) Following the previous ruling, what She'eilah do we now ask?

(a) We resolve the She'eilah from Rebbi Yochanan.
Why was Rebbi Yochanan upset with regard to Rav Sh'man bar Aba? What does this prove?

(b) What likewise happened with Rebbi Shimon bar Zirud and Rebbi Yonasan ben Achna'i (though we don't know which of them was the senior partner)?

(c) What problem did Rebbi Yochanan have with Rav Chanina and Rav Hoshaya?

(d) They themselves (both from the family of Beis Eli) attributed the problem to a statement of Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan.
How did he interpret the Pasuk in Shmuel ...

  1. ... "Kol Marbis Beischa Yamusu Anashim"?
  2. ... "Lo Yih'yeh Zakein be'Veischa Kol ha'Yamim"?
(a) What did Rebbi Elazar say that caused Rebbi Zeira ...
  1. ... to (initially) shun Semichah"?
  2. ... to (eventually) make every effort to obtain it?
(b) On what occasion did the people sing 'Without eye-paint, face-pack or a hair-do, yet full of Chein!'?

(c) And when Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi received Semichah, what did they mean when they sang 'Kol min Dein, ve'Chol min Dein!'?

(d) They added 'Do not give Semichah to Chamisin (who refuse to give over the reasons of Torah) or to Turmisin (empty people)'. Alternatively, they added 'Lo mi'Sarmisin ve'Lo mi'Sarmitin'.
What do these terms mean?

(a) What did the women from the royal palace mean when they sang ...
  1. ... 'Rabah de'Ameih'?
  2. ... 'Madbarna de'Umseih'? Why did they call him that?
  3. ... 'Butzina de'Nura'? Why did they call him that?
  4. ... 'B'rich Masyach li'Shelom'!?
(b) Who were they referring to?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with Eglah Arufah) "ve'Yatz'u Zekeinecha ve'Shoftecha"?

(b) According to Rebbi Shimon, three Dayanim will suffice.
What does he then learn from "ve'Shoftecha"?

(c) From where does Rebbi Yehudah learn this?

(d) What does Rebbi Shimon learn from ...

  1. ... "Ziknei/Ziknecha"?
  2. ... "ve'Shoftecha"?
(a) On what grounds do we refute the suggestion that Rebbi Yehudah learns the previous D'rashah from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ziknei" "Ziknei" (from 'Semichas Zekeinim')?

(b) If, as we conclude, Rebbi Yehudah learns 'Meyuchadin she'bi'Zekeinecha' from "Shoftecha", from where does he learn the five Zekeinim?

(c) What will Rebbi Shimon learn from the 'Vav' in "ve'Shoftecha"?

(d) As a matter of fact, we ask, the Pasuk mentions another two plural words "ve'Yatz'u" and "u'Madedu", in which case Rebbi Yehudah ought to require nine judges here, and Rebbi Shimon, seven. And we answer this with a Beraisa.
What does the Tana learn from ...

  1. ... "ve'Yatz'u"?
  2. ... "u'Madedu"?
Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah does not hold like Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov. According to him, "Zekeinecha" (with reference to Eglah Arufah) refers to the Sanhedrin. To whom does "Shoftecha" refer?

(b) What makes us think that perhaps Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov argues in two points with the above Tana'im?

(c) Rav Yosef resolves the She'eilah from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with a Zakein Mamrei) "ve'Kamta ve'Alisa el ha'Makom"? What is 'Beis Pagi'?

(d) How do we know that it was not ...

  1. ... just some members of the Sanhedrin that the Zakein Mamrei met in Beis Pagi?
  2. ... all members of the Sanhedrin, who had gone out for a break?
(a) What is the maximum number of judges that are allowed to leave the Lishkas ha'Gazis at one time?

(b) So why did the entire Sanhedrin leave the Lishkas ha'Gazis? What does Rav Yosef prove from here?

(c) How does Abaye refute Rav Yosef's proof? What else might the entire Sanhedrin been doing outside the Lishkas ha'Gazis?

(d) The Beraisa however, supports Rav Yosef.
What does the Beraisa say in following up the previous one?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that Neta Reva'i and Ma'aser Sheini whose value is not known requires three judges. Bearing in mind that these incorporate fruit, wine or money, what does the Tana mean by ' ... whose value is not known'?

(b) What sort of judges does the Beraisa require to assess the Ma'aser Sheini?

(c) Which of two people does the Tana, surprisingly perhaps, permit to sit on this Beis-Din?

(d) Rebbi Yirmiyah asks whether three people who share their resources are eligible to act as Beis-Din in this case.
How do we refute the proof from the Beraisa 'Ish u'Sh'tei Nashav Podin Ma'aser Sheini'? Who was bas Aba Sura'ah?

(a) Our Mishnah, which requires three judges to assess Hekdesh, does not hold like Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov. How many judges does he require?

(b) Logically speaking, Rav Papa remarked to Abaye, Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov is right because of a statement of Shmuel.
What did Shmuel say, based on Pesukim in Bechukosai, that supports his opinion?

(c) How are these divided between Erchin, Hekdesh of animals and Hekdesh of Karka?

(a) Maybe, Rav Papa suggests, the Rabbanan hold three, because the Torah writes three times "Kohen" by the redemption of Hekdesh animals.
How does he immediately refute this suggestion from Hekdesh of Karka?

(b) Then why does the Tana require ten Kohanim and not four?

(c) By the same token, how many Kohanim ought the Tana then to require by Hekdesh of animals?

(d) How do we account for the fact that there is an eleventh Pasuk "la'Kohen Tih'yeh Achuzaso"? Why does the Sugya not count it?

(e) How do we finally explain the Rabbanan?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,