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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 11


(a) Why did Raban Gamliel ask for one of the eight judges that he found in his attic to leave?

(b) Who got up to leave? How did he explain his presence?

(c) What did Raban Gamliel respond to that?

(d) Was Shmuel ha'Katan really the culprit?

(a) What similar incident occurred in connection with Rebbi?

(b) Who volunteered there to leave the room?

(c) What did Rebbi Chiya reply when, on the following day, Rebbi Shimon b'Rebbi asked him whether he was really the one to have upset his father?

(a) Rebbi Chiya learned this Midah from Rebbi Meir.
What did Rebbi Meir do when a woman came to his Beis-Hamedrash, claiming that one of the Rabbis had betrothed her with Bi'ah?

(b) What ending do this episode and the previous one both have in common?

(c) From whom did Rebbi Meir learn this?

(d) Shmuel ha'Katan in turn, learned it from Shechanyah ben Yechiel.
What did he say to Ezra, that served as an example for all those subsequent generations?

(e) Some say that Shechanyah ben Yechiel learned it from Yehoshua bin Nun, others, that he learned it from Moshe.
What did Hashem say to ...

  1. ... Yehoshua, when Hashem informed him that Yisrael had sinned, and he asked Him who (causing thirty-six people to fall at the battle of Ay)?
  2. ... Moshe, after some people had gone to gather Manna on Shabbos?
(a) What level of communication did Hashem employ to communicate with Yisrael after the death of the last prophets?

(b) Who were the last prophets? When did they live?

(c) To whom was the Bas-Kol referring when it declared in the attic of Beis Guryah in Yericho that he was worthy of the Shechinah resting on him, only the generation was not?

(d) How did they eulogize him when he died? Whose disciple did they describe him as being?

(a) To whom did a very similar set of experiences occur, which began in the attic in Yavneh? Whose disciple did they describe him as?

(b) What did the latter prophesy would happen to ...

  1. ... Shimon and Yishmael? Who were they?
  2. ... their colleagues? To whom does this refer?
  3. ... the nation of Yisrael?
  4. ... the rest of the world?
(c) They meant to eulogize Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava in the same way as the eulogized Hillel and Shmuel ha'Katan.
Then why didn't they?
(a) Under what condition does the Beraisa permit the Beis-Din to declare a leap year?

(b) The Tana supports this from an episode with Raban Gamliel, who happened to be in Syria when the Beis-Din decided to declare a leap year.
What was he doing there?

(c) What was the outcome of that episode?

(a) The Beraisa lists four reasons for declaring a leap-year: because of 1. the roads; 2. the bridges; 3. the Pesach-ovens.
What is the common factor that connects all three?

(b) What is the fourth reason?

(c) One cannot however, declare a leap-year because of snow or the cold. Why not?

(d) What third reason does the Tana add to this list?

(a) Another Beraisa does not permit declaring a leap-year because the kid-goats and the lambs are still very young, or because the pigeons are as yet unable to fly.
What is the significance of the tender age of ...
  1. ... the kids and the lambs?
  2. ... the inability of the pigeons to fly?
(b) Then why are these reasons not sufficient to warrant a leap-year?

(c) How does the Tana qualify this ruling?

(a) We cite Rebbi Yanai in the name of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in a Beraisa which elaborates on this point.
What additional reason did the latter have to declare a leap-year, besides the fact that Pesach fell out of season?

(b) In another Beraisa, the Tana Kama gives Adar Sheini as thirty days. What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?

(c) How do we reconcile this with his own opinion in the previous Beraisa, where he himself concluded that they added thirty days?

Answers to questions



(a) If the Beraisa refers to Raban Gamliel (of Yavneh) as 'Tekifa'i Kadma'i' (the early tough one) because of his tough handling of Rebbi Yehoshua (in B'rachos and elsewhere), whom does he mean by 'Invesani Basra'i'?

(b) What did he instruct Yochanan the Sofer to write (on a scroll) ...

  1. ... to 'our brothers of the upper and the lower Galilee' - (in connection with Ma'asering the olives).
  2. ... to our brothers in the south (in connection with Ma'asering the corn?
  3. ... to our brothers in Galus (in connection with the young pigeons and lambs?
(c) Why did Raban Gamliel choose to inform the three groups of people that he did, specifically on olives, grapes and of the Ibur respectively?
(a) What did the Tana find commendable about Raban Gamliel's choice of words? What did he say that his son (at the foot of the previous Amud) did not, that elicited the Tana's distinction between the tough father and the humble son?

(b) How do we modify the Tana's statement? Why his distinction not so clear-cut?

(a) The Beraisa lists three things for which Beis-Din declare a leap-year (see Tosfos ha'Rosh): 1. 'al ha'Aviv; 2. ve'al Peiros ha'Ilan.
What is the third?

(b) What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... 'al ha'Aviv'? Why can the reason not be because then they will not be able to bring the Omer.
  2. ... 'al Peiros ha'Ilan'?
  3. ... 'al ha'Tekufah'?
(c) Will Beis-Din declare a leap-year for any one of these reasons?

(d) Why is everyone happy if one of the reasons is 'Aviv'?

(a) Why would it also make everybody happy if Tekufah was one of the two reasons for Ibur Shanah?

(b) What else might Raban Shimon ben Gamliel have meant when he argued with the Tana Kama and said 'Al ha'Tekufah'?

(c) What are the ramifications of the division of Eretz Yisrael into three areas; Yehudah, Eiver ha'Yarden ve'Galil (in connection with Aviv)?

(d) Lechatchilah, Ibur Shanah should only take place in Yehudah.
Which Pasuk in Re'ei does Rebbi Yehudah B'rei de'Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi cite to explain why Rebbi Chananya Ish Ono holds that even Bedieved, the year is not Me'ubar if Beis-Din declare it Me'ubar in Galil?

(a) What does the Beraisa say with regard to Ibur Shanah or Ibur Chodesh by night?

(b) From which Pasuk in Tehilim does Rebbi Aba learn it?

(c) How does he know that the Pasuk is talking about Rosh Chodesh, and not one of the Shalosh Regalim (seeing as the Pasuk mentions the word "Chag")?

(d) And how does he learn from the Pasuk that it must take place by day?

Answers to questions

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