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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 7


(a) Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i does not hold of Bitzu'a, because he interprets the Pasuk "u'Botze'a Beirech ... " with regard to a specific incident.
To which incident is it referring? What P'sharah did Aharon arrive at?

(b) What is the deeper meaning of the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "va'Yar Aharon va'Yiven Mizbe'ach Lefanav"?

(c) Which Pasuk in Eichah prompted Aharon to give in to the people's demands?

(d) What was the drastic aftermath of that calamity?

(a) The Tana'im who disagree with P'sharah, interpret the Pasuk in Mishlei "Poter Mayim Reishis Madon" like Rav Hamnuna.
How does he interpret it?

(b) In what respect does ...

  1. ... Rav Huna compare a dispute to a stream of water, following a river bursting its banks?
  2. ... Abaye Keshisha compare it to a plank in a bridge?
(c) What did a certain man say about a person who gets into the habit of remaining silent when he hears his own shame?

(d) Shmuel, speaking to Rav Yehudah, connected this lesson with the Pasuk "Poter Mayim Reishis Madon".
In this context, what is the meaning of ...

  1. ... "Mayim"?
  2. ... "Madon"?
(a) And what did Shmuel, speaking to Rav Yehudah, learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Amos "Koh Amar Hashem, Al Sheloshah Pish'ei Yisrael, ve'Al Arba'ah Lo Ashivenu", in connection with someone who steals two or three times?
  2. ... in Mishlei "Ki Sheva Yipol Tzadik ve'Kam", in connection with a Tzadik and seven pits?
(b) And what did he tell him about the Rasha?

(c) And what did Shmuel tell Rav Yehudah, based on the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Yisro "ve'Gam Kol ha'Am ha'Zeh al Mekomo Yavo ve'Shalom", in connection with a defendant who lost his coat to the claimant in litigation?
  2. ... in Koheles "ba'Atzaltayim Yimach ha'Mikreh", in connection with a woman who falls asleep during her spinning?
  3. ... in Tehilim "Gam Ish Shelomi Asher Batachti Bo ... "?
(a) What statement did that man make about people sleeping on the breadth of a sword? What alternative does he refer to?

(b) Rav Huna learned the same lesson from the Pasuk in Terumah "ve'No'adti Lecha Sham ve'Dibarti Itcha me'Al ha'Kapores" and the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Koh Amar Hashem, Hashamayim Kis'i ... Eizeh Bayis Asher Tivnu Li?".
What were the measurements of ...

  1. ... the Aron?
  2. ... the first Beis-Hamikdash?
(c) How do we now learn that man's statement from a combination of the two Pesukim, in Terumah and in Yeshayah?

(d) With reference to the previous Amud, what does Rav Acha bar Yaakov learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Yayin Lo Sishteh ve'Lo *Se'egor*, and others from "Tachin ba'Kayitz Lachmah, *Agrah* be'Katzir" (Mishlei) or from "*Oger* be'Kayitz Ben Maskil" (ibid.)?

(a) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
  1. ... "*Elokim Nitzav* ba'Adas Keil"?
  2. ... "mi'Shod Aniyim, me'Enkas Evyonim Atah *Akum*"?
(b) What does he say Hashem does to a Dayan who unlawfully takes money from a poor litigant to give to the rich one?

(c) And what does he learn from the Pasuk in Shir Hashirim "Hinei Mitaso she'li'Shelomoh Shishim Giborim ... Ish Charbo al Yereicho mi'Pachad ba'Leilos"? What does "mi'Pachad ba'Leilos" mean?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did Hashem say to David "Diynu la'Boker Mishpat? Does this mean that Dayanim may only judge in the morning?

(b) And what does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Emor la'Chochmah Achosi At"?

(c) What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi say about ten people who sit down to judge?

(d) How do we answer the Kashya 'P'shita'?

(a) Why would Rav Huna gather ten Rabbanan from the Yeshivah, before issuing rulings?

(b) What did he mean when he said 'Ki Heichi de'Limtaya Shiva mi'Keshurah'?

(c) What would Rav Ashi, who lived in Masa Mechsaya, do when a Safek Tereifah was brought before him to inspect?

(d) When Rav Dimi came from Eretz Yisrael, he cited Rav Nachman bar Kohen. How did the latter explain the Pasuk in Mishlei "Melech ba'Mishpat Ya'amid Aretz, ve'Ish Terumos Yaharsenah"?

(a) Whose Meturgeman (translator) was Yehudah bar Nachmeini?

(b) To whom was he referring when he read out the Pasuk in Chavakuk "Hoy Omer la'Eitz Hakitzah, Uri la'Even Domem ... "?

(c) What did he Darshen from the Pasuk "va'Hashem be'Heichal Kodsho, Has Mipanav Kol ha'Aretz"?

(a) What did Resh Lakish Darshen from the juxtaposition of the Pesukim "Shoftim ve'Shotrim Titen Lecha" ... and "Lo Sita Lecha Asheirah Kol Eitz (Eitzel Mizbach Hashem)"?

(b) What does this latter Pasuk have to do with a Dayan?

(c) The Torah writes there "Elohei Chasef v'Elohei Zahav Lo Sa'asu Lachem".
What is inherently strange about this Pasuk?

(d) How does Rav Ashi resolves this problem, by establishing the Pasuk in connection with the appointment of judges who are unworthy, simultaneously explaining the words "Eitzel Mizbach Hashem"?

(a) What did Rav used to declare when he entered the Beis-Din?

(b) What prompted ...

  1. ... him to recite the Pasuk in Iyov "Im Ya'aleh ha'Shamayim Si'o ... ki'Gelalo la'Netzach Ye'aved"?
  2. ... Mar Zutra Chasida to recite the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ki Lo Le'olam Chosen, ve'Im Neizer le'Dor va'Dor"?
(c) What did bar Kapara Darshen from the juxtaposition of the Pesukim "ve'Lo Sa'aleh be'Ma'alos al Mizbechi" and "ve'Eileh ha'Mishpatim Asher Tasim Lifneihem"?
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the same juxtaposition concerning the behavior of the judges during the Rosh Yeshivah's D'rashah?

(b) And what does Rebbi Yirmiyah or Rebbi Chiya bar Aba learn from the Torah's use of the word "Asher *Tasim* Lifneihem", rather than "Asher Telamdem"?

(c) To which four objects does this refer? What were they used for?

(d) How did Rav Huna refer to them?

(a) The Pasuk in Devarim writes "va'Atzaveh es Shofteichem ba'Eis ha'Hi ... ". The connotations of "va'Atzaveh" are - 'Ziruz' (a warning to take care).

(b) How does Rebbi Yochanan interpret this warning?

(c) What does Rebbi Chanina extrapolate from the Pasuk there "Shamo'a Bein Acheichem u'Shefat'tem Tzedek, with regard to the judge?

(d) He also extends the prohibition to the litigants.
How does ...

  1. ... he derive the same thing from the word "Shamo'a"?
  2. ... Rav Kahana learn the same thing from the word "Lo *Sisa* Sheima Shav" (Mishpatim)?
(a) What does Resh Lakish learn from the Pasuk in Devarim "u'Shefat'tem Tzedek"?

(b) What does Rav Yehudah learn from ...

  1. ... "Bein Ish u'Vein Achiv?
  2. ... "u'Vein Geiro"?
(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah, "Lo Sakiru Panim ba'Mishpat" refers to favoring a litigant who is a good friend of the judge.
How does Rebbi Elazar interpret it?
Answers to questions

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