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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 5

\SANHEDRIN 5 (Yom Kipur) - sponsored by Hillel Yakov and Elisheva Tzipora Kagan. May they be blessed with a year of Berachah and joy, and may Hashem answer all of their prayers!


(a) The Beraisa requires three judges for Diynei Mamonos.
Under which circumstances is a single judge permitted?

(b) Why does the Tana ignore the triple "Elohim" written in the Parshah?

(a) What did both Rav Nachman and Rebbi Chiya declare?

(b) What do we think might Rav Nachman and Rebbi Chiya have required besides expertise?

(c) What would then be the Din if they did not receive permission to rule (assuming that the litigants did not accept them)?

(d) We resolve the She'eilah from Mar Zutra B'rei de'Rav Nachman.
What did Rav Yosef rule when he erred in one of his rulings (assuming that he did not obtain permission to rule)?

(a) What do both Rav and Shmuel advise someone who wants to issue rulings and be Patur from paying, should he err in one of his rulings?

(b) In the Pasuk in Vayechi "Lo Yasur Sheivet mi'Yehudah ... ", what is the difference between "Sheivet" and "Mechokek"?

(c) What gave the Resh Galusa in Bavel more authority than the Nasi in Eretz Yisrael?

(d) What are the ramifications of this distinction?

(a) We learn the seniority of the Resh Galusa over the Nasi in Eretz Yisrael from an episode with Rabah bar Chanah.
What did Rebbi Chiya once say to him when he erred in a case concerning money-matters?

(b) On what occasion did Rabah bar Rav Huna claim that he received permission from his father ... who received permission from Rebbi?

(c) What are the names of the two men missing from the list (between Rav Huna and Rebbi)?

(d) Why is there no proof from Rabah bar Rav Huna's statement that it does help to receive permission from Eretz Yisrael to rule in Bavel?

(a) Seeing as permission does not help from Eretz Yisrael to Bavel, what was the point of Rabah bar Rav Chana's Semichah when he left Eretz Yisrael to go to Bavel?

(b) What was Rebbi's response, when Rebbi Chiya informed him that his brother's son was going to Bavel, adding 'Yoreh?', 'Yadin'? and 'Yatir Bechoros'?

(c) In what way did his response differ when he gave him the same information regarding his sister's son?

(d) What is the significance of 'Yatir Bechoros' anyway?

(a) Who was Rebbi Chiya's ...
  1. ... brother's son?
  2. ... sister's son?
(b) What did Ayvu, Chanah Shiylo, Marsa and Rebbi Chiya all have in common?

(c) Whose son was Rav?

(d) Who was Aba bar Acha Karsela from Kafri?

(a) What biological reason did Rebbi Chiya have for referring to Rabah as his brother's son, and Rav as his sister's?

(b) Another reason for referring to Rav as his sister's son is based on a Pasuk in Mishlei.
Which Pasuk?

(c) Then why did Rebbi not agree to grant him permission to rule in matters to do with Bechor? Was it because he was ...

  1. ... not very smart?
  2. ... not conversant with the Halachos of a Bechor?
(d) So what reason do we initially give for this?
Answers to questions



(a) It may well be that Rebbi did not agree to give Rav Semichah to permit Bechoros, precisely because of his phenonemal expertise.
What does this mean?

(b) How do we query the concept of receiving permission to issue rulings?

(c) We attribute it to a decree of Rebbi.
What did Rebbi once discover the people in a certain town doing?

(d) The people of the town explained to him that a certain Talmid-Chacham had taught them that 'Mei Betza'im' is not Machshir le'Kabeil Tum'ah'.
What is 'Mei Betza'im?

(a) What had the Talmid-Chacham really said?

(b) So why did Rebbi react the way he did?

(c) They also erred with regard to a Mishnah in Parah.
What does the Tana say regarding the water of the Rivers Karmiyon and Pigah?

(d) What was then the basis of their mistake?

(a) What is 'Lesisah'? Why is it permitted on Pesach?

(b) Why should Rebbi Tanchum B'rei de'Rebbi Ami not have Darshened this Heter in Chatar?

(c) What was his response when the people queried him about this?

(a) What did the son of a Kohen reply when Rebbi asked him what he was doing in a Beis-Hakevaros?

(b) What is this story doing here?

(c) We could also explain the connection between this story and that of Rebbi regarding the people who kneaded their dough be'Tum'ah, according to the Yerushalmi.
Which two changes does the Yerushalmi make from our version?

(d) How will that help us to understand why the story is brought here?

12) We already learned that it is possible to give partial Semichah, as we saw with Rav.
What do we learn from Rebbi Yochanan, who told Rav Sh'man that he was in his Reshus until his return? What did he mean by that?


(a) Earlier, we cited the opinion of Shmuel, who learned that if two judges judged, even though they earn the title 'Beis-Din Chatzuf, their rulings are valid. Rava asked Rav Nachman on Shmuel from a Mishnah in 'Zeh Borer'. What does the Tana there say in a case where two Dayanim rule Patur or Chayav, but the third one does not know?

(b) Why does this pose a Kashya on Shmuel?

(c) What did Rav Nachman reply? Why in fact, is that case different than Shmuel's?

(a) What Halachic distinction does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel make between Din and Pesharah?

(b) What advantage does he then present that Pesharah has over Din?

(c) On what grounds do we try to refute the suggestion that the Rabbanan dispute Raban Shimon ben Gamliel's ruling? What did Rebbi Avahu say about that?

(d) How do we counter that argument?

Answers to questions

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