REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
SANHEDRIN 2 - The opening Daf of Sanhedrin has been dedicated by Yair
Trebitsch of Brooklyn, NY.
Please note that unless otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of
Rashi. Consequently, our notes and comments do not necessarily have any
bearing on the practical Halachah.
(a) Our Mishnah teaches us that Diynei Mamonos require three Dayanim (this
will be explained later), and so do Gezeilos and Chavalos.
constitutes Gezeilos? What is the basic difference between Gezel and not
paying back a loan?
(b) What do Nezek ... Tashlumei Kefel ... ha'Ones ... u'Motzi-Shem-Ra have
in common, according to Rebbi Meir?
(c) In which case do the Chachamim disagree with Rebbi Meir? What is their
(d) The Tana Kama includes Malkos in the list that require three Dayanim.
What does Rebbi Yishmael say?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, Ibur ha'Chodesh and Ibur ha'Shanah require
three Dayanim, too. What is 'Ibur ha'Shanah'?
(b) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(c) What will be the Din according to him, if they concluded with three and
declared a leap-year?
(a) The Tana continues 'Semichas Zekeinim va'Arifas Eglah (Arufah)
bi'Sheloshah, Divrei Rebbi Shimon'.
What is 'Semichas Zekeinim'?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(c) 'ha'Chalitzah u'Miy'unin ... Neta Revai u'Ma'aser Sheini she'Ein Damav
What is ...
(d) 'ha'Hekdeshos bi'Sheloshah ... ha'Erchin ha'Metaltelin bi'Sheloshah'.
- ... 'Miy'unin'? What is its source?
- ... 'Neta Revai u'Ma'aser Sheini' (in this context)? Why should they require three Dayanim?
- ... does Rebbi Yehudah say? What is his reason?
- ... is the Halachah regarding Hekdesh of Karka'os ...
- ... or Adam (which will be explained in the Sugya)?
(a) The death-penalty requires a Sanhedrin of twenty-three. What do we
learn from the Pasuk ...
(b) The Tana Kama requires twenty-three judges to put to death a wolf, a
lion, a bear, a leopard and a Bard'les (possibly a panther). Rebbi Eliezer
- ... in Kedoshim "Ve'haragta es ha'Ishah ve'es ha'Beheimah ... ve'es ha'Beheimah Taharogu"?
- ... in Mishpatim "ha'Shor Yisakel ve'Gam Be'alav Yamus"?
What does ...
- ... *he* say?
- ... Rebbi Akiva say?
(a) What do judging a tribe, a false prophet and a Kohen Gadol have in
(b) What is a Milchemes ha'Reshus?
(c) What do going out to a Milchemes ha'Reshus, adding to Yerushalayim or
the Azaros, appointing a Sanhedrin for each city and judging an Ir
ha'Nidachas (a city most of whose residents served idols) have in common?
(a) In which location can a city not become an Ir ha'Nidachas?
(b) What is the maximum number of cities that can be declared an Ir
ha'Nidachas at one time?
(c) From where do we learn that the Sanhedrin ha'Gadol consisted of
(d) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
Answers to questions
(b) From where do we then learn the twenty-third judge?
- ... in Mas'ei "ve'Shaftu ha'Eidah ... ve'Hitzilu ha'Eidah"?
- ... in Korach "Ad Masai la'Eidah ha'Ra'ah ha'Zos"?
- ... in Mishpatim "Lo Sih'yeh Acharei Rabim le'Raos"?
- ... in Mishpatim "Lo Sih'yeh Acharei Rabim le'Hatos"?
(c) If the Tana Kama requires one hundred and twenty residents to qualify
for a Sanhedrin, how many does Rebbi Yehudah require?
(d) What is his reason?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Diynei Mamonos bi'Sheloshah, Gezeilos
What is the problem with this?
(b) Initially, Rebbi Avahu answers, the latter comes to qualify the former.
What does it then come to preclude? Why is that?
(c) What is the difference between Hoda'os and Halva'os?
(d) On what grounds do we reject the explanation that defines them as
'partial admission' to the loan and 'total denial' respectively?
(a) Having stated ...
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim (in connection with
Gezeilos) "ve'Nikrav Ba'al ha'Bayis el ha'Elohim" (plus two other similar
- ... 'Diynei Mamonos', why did the Tana find it necessary to add 'Gezeilos va'Chavalos'?
- ... 'Gezeilos va'Chavalos', why did he find it necessary to add 'Diynei Mamonos'?
(c) And where does the Torah mention this in connection with Chavalos?
(a) What did Rebbi Avahu say about two judges who judged money-matters?
(b) So what are we then referring to when we preclude Hoda'os ve'Halva'os
from the Din that applies to Gezeilos and Chavalos?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Ki Hu Zeh" (in connection
with a Shomer Chinam)
(b) Some opinions apply Eiruv Parshiyos to this Pasuk.
What are the
ramifications of doing that?
(c) What problem will we now be faced with, regarding our distinction
between the Din of three judges and the Din of experts, assuming that our
- ... holds of Eiruv Parshiyos?
- ... does not hold of it?
(a) We answer that really he does hold of Eiruv Parshiyos, and the reason
that Hoda'os and Halva'os do not need experts is based on a statement of
Rebbi Chanina. What does Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Emor
"Mishpat Echad Yih'yeh Lachem"?
Answers to questions
(b) Then why did the Chachamim negate the need for D'rishah va'Chakirah with
regard to money-matters?
(c) So how does that resolve our problem?
(d) Bearing in mind that judges who judge with the sanction of the Chachamim
(such as experts), are absolved from having to pay, should they err in their
ruling, why are they Chayav to pay, like any other layman (who judge without
the Chachamim's sanction)?