POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Sanhedrin 109
SANHEDRIN 106-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs.
Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the
merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his
1) NACHUM ISH GAM ZU
(a) Nachum Ish Gam Zu would always say Gam Zu l'Tovah (also
this is for the good), no matter what happened. Once,
Yisrael wanted to send a gift of gems to the Kaiser; they
decided to send it with Nachum, for miracles often happen
2) "DOR HA'FLAGAH"
(b) He lodged at an inn; when asked, he said that he was
taking a gift to the Kaiser. At night, they opened his
chest, replaced the gems with dirt, and sealed it. When
the Kaiser received the chest and found dirt inside, he
said 'The Yisraelim are mocking me!' They took Nachum to
be killed, he said 'Gam Zu l'Tovah'.
1. Eliyahu appeared like a Roman, and suggested that
this might be the dirt that turned into swords when
Avraham threw it. They tried this, and found it to
be true; they used the dirt to conquer a city they
had never been able to conquer. They let Nachum into
their treasure house, and told him to take whatever
he wants - he filled his chest with gold.
2. On the way back, the people at the inn asked what
happened; he told them. They took more dirt and
brought it to Kaiser (it did not turn into arrows),
he killed them.
(a) (Mishnah): Dor ha'Flagah has no share in the world to
3) THE PEOPLE OF SEDOM
(b) Question: What did they do?
(c) Answer #1 (d'Vei R. Shila): They wanted to build a tower
up to Shamayim to strike it with axes in order that the
water will come down.
(d) Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael laughed at this: If so, they
should have built on a mountain, not in a valley!
(e) Answer #2 (R. Yirmeyah bar Elazar): There were three
factions - one wanted to live in Shamayim, Hash-m
scattered them over the world;
1. One wanted to serve idolatry, "Sham Balal Hash-m
Sefas Kol ha'Aretz (He made them speak different
(f) Answer #3 (Beraisa - R. Noson): All of them intended for
idolatry - it says "Na'aseh Lanu *Shem*", similar to
"*V'Shem* Elohim Acherim Lo Sazkiru".
2. One wanted to wage war against Hash-m, he turned
them into monkeys, Ruchos (spirits), Shedim and
Lilin (human forms with wings).
(g) (R. Yochanan): A third of the tower was burned, a third
was swallowed into the ground, and a third remains.
(h) (Rav): The area around the tower (from which it can be
seen) causes one to forget.
(i) (Rav Yosef): Bavel and Borsif are (both close to the
tower, therefore they are) bad omens for Torah.
1. (Rav Asi): The word Borsif means a pit emptied of
its water (a sign of forgetting Torah).
(a) (Mishnah): The people of Sedom have no share in the world
(b) (Beraisa): The people of Sedom have no share in the world
to come "Ra'im" in this world, "Chata'im" in the world to
(c) (Rav Yehudah): They were "Ra'im" with their bodies -
"Eich E'eseh ha'Ra'ah ha'Gedolah ha'Zos (adultery)",
1. They were "Chata'im" with their money - "V'Hayah
Becha Chet (if you do not lend)".
(d) (Beraisa): They were Ra'im" with their money - "V'Ra'ah
Eincha b'Achicha ha'Evyon (not to give Tzedakah)",
2. "La'Sh-m" - they blasphemed; "Me'od" - they
recognized Hash-m and intended anger Him.
1. They were "Chata'im" with their bodies - "V'Chatasi
(e) (Beraisa): Dor ha'Mabul became haughty because Hash-m
bestowed good on them - "Eretz Mimena Yetzei
Lachem...Mekom Sapir Avaneha v'Afros Zahav Lo..."
2. "La'Sh-m" - they blasphemed;
3. "Me'od" - they murdered - "Dam Naki Shafach Menasheh
1. The residents: Our land yields bread and gold - we
should not allow travelers, they will detract from
(f) (Rava): "Tehosesu Al Ish...k'Kir Natuy" - they would see
a rich person, sit him near a leaning wall and topple it
on him, and take his money.
2. We will stop people from passing through -
"...Ha'Nishkachim Mini Ragel".
(g) (Rava): "Chasar ba'Choshech Batim" - they would deposit
Afarsimon (sap of balsam) by a rich person, he would hide
it with his valuables; at night they would track down the
smell like dogs, to take his valuables - "Yashuvu la'Erev
(h) "Arum Yalinu mi'Bli Lavush....Chamor Yesomim Yinhagu
Yachbelu Shor Almanah Gevulos Yasigu...v'Hu li'Kvaros
(i) R. Yosi expounded how the Sodomites tunneled into houses;
that night, 300 houses were tunneled into (as the
Sodomites did) in the city (Tzipori).
1. The victims: You taught the thieves!
(j) Laws of Sedom - someone with one ox must graze the
animals of the city for one day, someone with no oxen
must graze them for two days.
2. R. Yosi: I did not know that thieves would come
(alternatively - that there are thieves among you)!
3. When R. Yosi died, blood poured from the gutterpipes
of Tzipori (Ben Yehoyada - an expression of how
bitterly they cried over his loss; alternatively, it
rained, and the water miraculously turned red to
show honor to him. Iyun Yakov - there were many
murders, to show that his merit had protected his
city during his lifetime - he had expounded because
he expected his merit to prevent thieves).
1. An orphan, son of a widow had no oxen; people gave
him oxen to graze. He killed the oxen, and told them
'Someone who had one ox may take one skin from the
carcasses, someone who had no oxen may take two,
just like the law of grazing!'
(k) Someone who crosses the river where it is narrow and
swift (Rashi; Ramah - crosses the bridge) must pay one
Zuz, someone with walks around it (Ramah - goes through
the water) must pay two Zuzim (Ramah - because he
deposits some water from the river on the ground;
Margoliyus ha'Yam - for trying to evade the tax, and
4) ADAS KORACH
(l) If someone made bricks, or spread out garlic or onions to
dry, everyone would take one, he could not force everyone
to return them (Ramah - because each was worth less than
(m) There were four judges in Sedom, their names alluded to
falsity and unfair judgment.
1. If Tom hit Harry's wife making her miscarry, Harry
must give her to Tom until she because pregnant
(n) They had a bed for guests. If the guest was too tall,
they would cut him to fit the bed; if he guest was too
short, they would stretch him to fit it. Avraham's slave
Eliezer once went there, they told him to sleep on the
2. If Tom cut off the ear of Harry's donkey, Harry must
give it to Tom until the ear grows back.
3. If Tom wounded Harry, Harry must pay him, for this
was (a limited) bloodletting;
4. One who crosses the river in the ferry (Ramah -
bridge) must pay four Zuzim, one who goes through
the water must pay eight.
5. A launderer once went to Sedom, they demanded four
Zuzim from him; when he said that he went through
the water, they demanded eight. He did not pay; they
wounded him. He came a judge, he was told to pay for
i. The launderer wounded the judge with a stick
(or rock), and said 'What you owe me, pay to
the one who wounded me'.
1. Eliezer: The day my mother died, I swore not to
sleep on a bed.
(o) When a poor person came, everyone would write his name on
a Dinar and give it to him, but no one would give him
food. When he died of hunger, everyone would take back
(p) They stipulated that if someone (Tom) invites a visitor
to a wedding, Tom's garment will be confiscated.
1. They had a wedding; Avraham's slave Eliezer went, no
one gave him bread. He sat at the end; when they
asked who had invited him, he said 'This one (next
to me)'. The man feared he would lose his garment,
(q) A girl used to put bread in her jug and (when she went to
draw water) would inconspicuously give it to a poor
person; when people found out, they coated her with
honey, and put her on top of the wall; bees consumed her.
2. Eliezer did the same for the next man (in front of
the one who fled), and so on, until all of them
fled; Eliezer enjoyed the meal.
1. (Rav Yehudah): "Za'akas Sedom va'Amora Ki Rabah" -
we read this like 'Rivah' (Hash-m decided to destroy
Sedom on account of the girl).
(a) [(Mishnah): The Meraglim have no share in the world to
come - "Va'Yamusu" in this world, "Ba'Magefah" in the
world to come - Gra deletes this from the text.]
(b) (Mishnah - R. Akiva): The congregation of Korach will
never rise - "Va'Tchas Aleihem ha'Aretz" in this world,
"Va'Yovdu mi'Toch ha'Kahal" in the world to come;
(c) R. Eliezer says, (they will rise -) "Hash-m Memis
u'Mechayeh Morid She'ol va'Ya'al".
(d) (Beraisa - R. Akiva): The congregation of Korach will
never rise - "Va'Tchas...Va'Yovdu...";
(e) R. Yehudah ben Beseira says, they are like a lost object
that someone is seeking - "Ta'isi k'Seh Oved Bakesh
Avdecha Ki Mitzvosecha Lo Shachachti" (David prayed that
they come to the world to come, for they kept the
(f) (Reish Lakish): "Va'Yikach Korach" - he made a bad
1. 'Korach' - he made a bald patch in Yisrael (those
swallowed into the ground);
(g) Question: Why didn't the Torah also write 'Ben Yakov', to
teach that he Ikev (uprooted) himself (from the world,
and went) to Gehinom?
2. 'Ben Yitzhar' - he aroused the world's anger
(Maharsha - on Yisrael) as hot as Tzaharim (noon);
3. 'Ben Kehas' - he Hikhah (set on edge) the teeth of
4. 'Ben Levi' - he descended to Gehinom with a great
Levayah (accompaniment, i.e. those swallowed with
(h) Answer (Rav Shmuel bar Rav Yitzchak): Yakov
(prophetically saw Korach's rebellion and) prayed that
his name not be mentioned in the Parshah:
1. "B'Sodam Al Tavo Nafshi" - do not mention my name in
the lineage of the Meraglim;
(i) "Dasan" - he transgressed Das (Torah);
2. "Bi'Khelam Al Techad Kevodi" - do not mention my
name with Adas Korach.
(j) "Aviram" - he Iver (fortified his heart) not to do
(k) "V'On" - he sat in mourning (repented that he originally
1. "(Ben) Peles" - Pela'os (wonders) were done for him
to save him.
(l) (Rav): The wife of On ben Peles saved him - she said,
what difference does it make to you who is the Rebbi - in
any case, you will be a Talmid!
2. "(Benei) Reuven" - he Ra'ah (saw) and HeViN
(understood, that Korach's followers are doing
1. On: I swore to them that if they will call me, I
will come with them!
2. His wife: They are all virtuous - "Ki Chol ha'Edah
Kulam Kedoshim" - sit back, I will save you.
3. She got him drunk with wine (if he would hear them
call him, his oath would require him to go), and put
him inside the tent; she sat outside and uncovered
her hair; anyone who came to get On turned away, so
he was never called to come.