POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Sanhedrin 106
SANHEDRIN 106-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs.
Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the
merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his
1) BIL'AM'S BLESSINGS
(a) (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): "Ne'emanim Pitz'ei Ohev
v'NaTaros Neshikos Sonei" - Achiyah ha'Shiloni's curse
against Yisrael was better than Bil'am's blessings.
2) BIL'AM'S COUNSEL
1. Achiyah said "V'Hikah Hash-m Es Yisrael Ka'asher
Yanud ha'Kaneh ba'Mayim (Yisrael should be stricken
like a reed)"
(b) "Va'Yar Es ha'Keini" - Bil'am asked Yisro, you were with
us when Paro took counsel (how to thwart the savior of
Yisrael), who sat you among the mighty of the world (your
descendants will sit on the Great Sanhedrin)?
i. A reed grows near water, it grows back when it
is cut, it has many roots, the strongest winds
do not uproot it, it bends with them, and when
they desist it stands erect;
2. Bil'am blessed Yisrael to be like a cedar tree,
which does not grow near water, does not grow back
when cut, has few roots, the (other) strong winds do
not uproot it, but the south wind topples it.
ii. Also, a reed is used to write Torah, Nevi'im
1. (R. Chiya bar Aba): Paro took counsel with three -
Bil'am, Iyov and Yisro;
(c) "Va'Yisa Meshalo va'Yomar Oy Mi Yichyeh mi'Sumo Kel" -
woe to the nation that will (be subjugating Yisrael) when
Hash-m decides to redeem them - who can stop two lions
2. Bil'am counseled (to drown the baby boys in the
river), he was killed;
3. Iyov was silent, he received great afflictions;
4. Yisro fled, he merited that his descendants would
sit on the Great Sanhedrin - "Umi'Mishpechos
Sofrim...ha'Kinim ha'Ba'im me'Chamas Avi Beis
Rechav" (Benei Rechav will be on the Sanhedrin), and
it says "U'Vnei Keini Chosen Moshe".
(d) (Rav): "V'Tzim mi'Yad Kitim" - great ships from Liba
Aspir (Rashi; Aruch - Roman legions).
(e) "V'Inu Ashur v'Inu Ever" - they will kill everyone until
Ashur; from there on, they will subjugate the nations.
(a) Question: "Lecha I'atzcha Asher Ya'aseh ha'Am ha'Zeh
l'Amcha" - it should say, I will counsel what *your*
nation should do to *this* nation!
(b) Answer: The Torah did not want to it sound as if Yisrael
was cursed. (Alternatively, - Bil'am did not want it to
sound as if Mo'av needs to take counsel against Yisrael.)
1. Bil'am (to Balak): Hash-m hates Zimah, and Yisrael
love linen garments - make curtains, have old
harlots selling linen garments outside, and young
harlots selling inside.
(c) (R. Eliezer): "Va'Yeshev Yisrael *ba'Shitim*" - this is
2. They made curtains from Har Sheleg until Beis
ha'Yshimos Yisrael ate, drank and were merry; the
old harlots offered the curtains for their true
value, the young ones sold it for less.
i. After two or three sales, the young ones said
'You are like family - take what you want (for
free).' They had Amoni wine with them (this was
before Chachamim forbade Nochri wine). The
Yisrael drank, his Yetzer was aroused, and he
asked to have relations with her; she took out
an idol, and said that first he must serve it.
ii. The Yisrael: I am a Yisrael, I do not serve
iii. The harlot: I only ask you to excrete in front
of it! (Yisrael did not know that this is the
way Ba'al Pe'or is served.)
iv. The harlot: I do not consent to relations until
you deny the entire Torah of Moshe -
"Va'Yinazru la'Boshes va'Yihyu Shikutzim
(d) (R. Yehoshua): It is called Shitim because Yisrael
engaged in Shtus (foolishness) there.
(e) (R. Eliezer): "*Va'Tikrena* la'Am l'Zivchei Eloheihen" -
their very bodies (i.e. unclothed) came out to the
(f) (R. Yehoshua): The Yisraelim had emissions of Keri
(g) Question: What is the meaning of the name Refidim (where
Amalek attacked Yisrael)?
(h) Answer #1 (R. Eliezer): This is its name.
(i) (R. Yehoshua): It is called Refidim because Yisrael
slackened (Rifu) from learning Torah there -"Lo Hifnu
Avos El Banim (to correct their ways) me'Rifyon Yadayim".
(j) (R. Yochanan): Wherever it says "Va'Yeshev", this denotes
1. "Va'Yeshev Yisrael ba'Shitim...";
(k) Question: "V'Es Malchei Midyan Hargu Al
Chaleleihem...v'Es Bil'am" - why was Bil'am with Midyan
(earlier, he said that he would return home)?
2. "Va'Yeshev Yakov b'Eretz Megurei Aviv" - Yosef
brought bad reports about his brothers (and was sold
3. "Va'Yeshev Yisrael...b'Eretz Goshen...Va'Yikrevu
Yemei Yisrael Lamus";
4. "Va'Yeshev Yehudah v'Yisrael la'Vetach...Va'Yakam
Hash-m Satan li'Shlomo Es Hadad ha'Adomi".
(l) Answer (R. Yochanan): He went to collect reward for (his
counsel, which caused) the death of 24,000 Yisraelim.
1. (Mar Zutra bar Tuvya): This is like people say - the
camel asked for horns, they cut its ears off (so
too, Bil'am went to get reward, he was killed).
(m) Question: "V'Es Bil'am...ha'Kosem" - he was not just a
magician, he was a prophet!
(n) Answer (R. Yochanan): At first he was a prophet; in the
end (Ramah - after he counseled to make Yisrael sin, he
lost his Ru'ach ha'Kodesh, he still strove to know the
future), he was (only) a magician.
1. (Rav Papa): This is like people say, the former wife
of a prince was Mezanah with people who pull ships
(Rashi; Ramah - she will only marry someone else who
bears something resembling weapons, such as a
(o) (Rav): "Hargu Benei Yisrael ba'Cherev El Chaleleihem
(plural)" - they performed all four Misos Beis Din on
(p) A Min: Do you know how old Bil'am was?
(q) R. Chanina: It does not say explicitly, but since it says
"Anshei Damim u'Mirmah Lo Yechetzu Yemeihem" (Resha'im
will not live even half a normal lifetime (35 years))",
presumably he lived 33 or 34 years.
(r) The Min: You are correct - the annals ('Rashi' on Avos -
tombstone) of Bil'am say(s) 'The lame Bil'am was 33 years
old when (the army led by) Pinchus killed him.'
(a) (Mar brei d'Ravina): Do not expound the names of those
who have no share in the world to come (to demean them),
except for Bil'am.
4) DO'EG AND ACHITOFEL
(b) Question: Do'eg is also called "Doyeg"!
(c) Answer (R. Yochanan): At first, Hash-m was concerned lest
he will sin - after he sinned, Hash-m said Vai (woe,
alluded to by the Vov-Yud in Doyeg) that he sinned.
(d) Question (R. Yitzchak): What does it mean "Mah Tishalel
b'Ra'ah ha'Gibor Chesed Kel Kol ha'Yom"?
(e) Answer: Hash-m said to Do'eg 'You are awesome in Torah,
why do you exalt yourself in evil? My Chesed is over you
(f) Question (R. Yitzchak): What does it mean "Vela'Rasha
Amar Elokim Mah Lecha Lesaper Chuki"?
(g) Answer: Hash-m said to Do'eg 'Why do you learn My Torah?
What do you expound in the Parshiyos of murder and Lashon
ha'Ra (you killed the Kohanim of Nov, and slandered
(h) (R. Ami): "Va'Tisa Vrisi Alei Ficha" - Do'eg's Torah was
from the lips and outward, i.e. superficial, he did not
(i) (R. Yitzchak): "Va'Yir'u Tzadikim va'Yira'u v'Alav
Yischaku" - at first Tzadikim saw Do'eg's success and
feared that people would learn from his sinful ways -
when he died before half his (normal allotment of) years,
(j) Question (R. Yitzchak): What does it mean "Chayil
(k) Answer: David asked Hash-m to kill Do'eg;
1. Hash-m: "Chil Bala va'Yaki'enu" (he has learned a
great amount of Torah - wait until he forgets it).
(l) Question (R. Yitzchak): What does it mean "Gam Kel
2. David: "Mi'Bitno Yorishenu Kel" - cause him to
forget it soon!
(m) Answer: Hash-m asked David if Do'eg should be in the
world to come;
1. David: "Gam Kel Yitatzcha".
(n) (R. Yitzchak): "Ayei Sofer - where is the one (Do'eg) who
could count all the (extra and missing) letters of the
2. Hash-m: Let teachings be said in Do'eg's name.
3. David: "Yachtecha v'Yisachacha me'Ohel".
4. Hash-m: His children should be Chachamim!
5. David: "V'Shereshcha me'Eretz Chayim".
1. "Ayei Shokel" - where is the one who could weigh all
the Kal va'Chomerim in the Torah?
(o) (Rava): Asking questions is not Hash-m's desire!
2. "Ayei Sofer Es ha'Migdalim" - Do'eg knew 300 laws of
(Tum'ah of) airborne towers.
3. (Rav): Do'eg and Achitofel had 400 questions about
airborne towers, they did not resolve any of them.
1. In the days of Rav Yehudah, all the learning was
focused on Seder Nezikim, today we learn (all six
Sedorim, up to the last tractate) Ukztim (Tum'ah of
2. When Rav Yehudah reached the Mishnah about a woman
preserving vegetables in a pot, he could not explain
why they are Tehorim - we have 13 academies learning
3. When they needed rain, Rav Yehudah would remove one
shoe, the rain came immediately - we cry to Hash-m
all day, we are not answered!
4. This is because Hash-m desires a person's heart (and
their hearts were much more devoted to Hash-m) -
"Va'Shem Yir'eh la'Levav".
(a) (Rav Mesharshiya): Do'eg and Achitofel could not explain
(b) Objection (Mar Zutra): It says "Ayei Sofer Ayei Shokel" -
you cannot say that Do'eg could not explain Halachos!
(c) Correction: Rather, they could not reach the correct
Halachah - "Sod Hash-m li'Re'av".
(d) (R. Ami): Do'eg forgot all his Torah before he died - "Hu
Yamus b'Ein Musar..."
(e) (Rav): He became a Metzora - "*Hitzmatah* Kol Zoneh
Mimeka", the Targum of Tzemisus is 'la'Chalutin' (which
refers to Tzara'as);
1. (Mishnah): The only difference between a Musgar
(quarantined) and a *Muchlat* (fully Tamei) Metzora
is that the latter must tear his clothes and let his
(f) (R. Yochanan): Three damaging angels came to Do'eg - one
made him forget his Torah, one burned his Neshamah, and
one scattered his dirt in Batei Keneses and Batei
(g) (R. Yochanan): The lives of Do'eg and Achitofel did not
overlap - Do'eg was in the days of Sha'ul, Achitofel was
in the days of David (after Sha'ul died).
(h) (Beraisa): "Anshei Damim u'Mirmah Lo Yechetzu Yemeihem" -
Do'eg lived 34 years, Achitofel lived 33.
(i) (R. Yochanan): At first, David called Achitofel his
teacher - "V'Atah Enosh k'Erki...";
1. Later he called him his colleague - "Yachdav Namtik
Sod"; in the end he called him his Talmid - "Ochel
Lachmi Higdil Alai Akev".