POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Sanhedrin 102
SANHEDRIN 101-103 (18 Teves) - dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to
honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi
(Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an
Iluy for his Neshamah
1) YERAV'AM CAUSED YISRAEL TO SERVE IDOLATRY
(a) Achiyah ha'Shiloni also mistakenly believed that Yerav'am
was just testing them, and agreed:
2) THE THREE KINGS
1. "...Yehu...Hetivosa La'asos ha'Yashar
b'Einai...(Yehu did Hash-m's will)".
(b) (R. Yochanan): "V'Shachata Setim Hemiku va'Ani Musar
l'Chulam" - the straying idolaters were more stringent
than Me - one who does not come to the Mikdash on the
festivals transgresses an Ase, they would kill one who
did not come to the idolatrous festivals!
2. Question: "V'Yehu...Lo Sar me'Al Chata'os Yerav'am"
- why did he sin?
3. Answer #1 (Abaye): Because a persons words are
fulfilled - he had said "Achav Avad Es ha'Ba'al
Me'at Yehu Ya'avdenu Harbeh" (even though he only
said this in order to kill the worshippers of
4. Answer #2 (Rava): He saw that Achiyah ha'Shiloni
approved of Yerav'am.
(c) (R. Yosi): "V'Yerav'am Yatza mi'Yerushalayim va'Yimtza
Oso Achiyah ha'Shiloni..." - it was a time destined for
1. (R. Yosi): Also the following were times destined
for punishments - "B'Es Pekudasam Yovedu" (idolatry
will cause the Churban and (ensuing) Galus, on the
ninth of Av), "Uv'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti Aleihem
Chatasam" (every punishment of Yisrael will include
punishment for the Egel), "Ba'Es ha'Hi va'Yered
Yehudah" (his first two sons died, Tamar was
sentenced to die).
(d) (R. Chanina bar Papa): "V'Yerav'am Yatza mi'Yerushalayim"
- he ceased to be a constituent of Yerushalayim (and
2. (R. Yosi): A time destined for good - "B'Es Ratzon
3. (R. Yosi): "Va'Yelech Rechav'am Shechem Ki Shechem
Ba Chol Yisrael Lehamlich Oso" - a place destined
for punishments (the 10 tribes split off);
i. Shechem was a place destined for punishments -
Dinah was raped there, Yosef's brothers sold
him there, the kingdom of Beis David split
(e) Question: "...Miskaseh *b'Salmah Chadashah*" - what do we
learn from this?
(f) Answer #1 (Rav Nachman): Just like there is no defect in
a new garment, there was no defect in Yerav'am's Torah.
(g) Answer #2: Achiyah and Yerav'am said Chidushei Torah that
no one had ever heard.
(h) Question: What do we learn from "U'Shneihem Levadam
(i) Answer #1 (Rav Yehudah): Compared to them, all other
Chachamim were (insignificant) like grass of the field.
(j) Answer #2: The reasons for all the Mitzvos were exposed
to them like a field.
(k) (R. Chanina bar Papa): "Titni Shiluchim Al Moreshes
Gas..." - when Yisrael made Yerav'am king, a Bas Kol
announced 'You send away the descendants of the one
(David) who killed the Plishti (Galyus) and bequeathed to
you the city of Gas (to pick new kings)'
1. "Batei Achziv l'Achzav l'Malchei Yisrael" - because
you were disloyal to Beis David, you will fall to
Nochrim, who are steeped in deceit.
(l) (R. Chanina bar Papa): Anyone who benefits from this
world without blessing, it is as if he steals from Hash-m
and the congregation of Yisrael - "Gozel Aviv v'Imo..."
1. "Aviv" refers to Hash-m, "Imo" refers to the
congregation of Yisrael.
(m) Question: What does it mean "Chaver Hu l'Ish Mashchis"?
(n) Answer: He is a colleague of Yerav'am, who Hishchis
(corrupted) Yisrael's devotion to Hash-m.
(o) (R. Chanin): "Va'Yadach Yerav'am Es Yisrael me'Acharei
Hash-m" - like a stick used to hit another stick and cast
(p) (D'vei R. Yanai): "V'Di Zahav" - Moshe said to Hash-m,
you bestowed gold and silver to Yisrael until they said
Dai (enough!), this caused them to make idols of gold.
1. A parable - a lion does not roar when it has a box
of straw, only when it has a box of meat.
(q) (R. Oshaya): Before Yerav'am, Yisrael (was only punished
because they) nursed (served) one calf - he added two
more, now we are punished for three.
(r) (R. Yitzchak): "Uv'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti..." - every
punishment that comes to the world includes a small
amount of punishment for the first Egel.
(s) (R. Chanina): No, the punishment was completed 24
generations later (with the Churban in the days of
Tzidkiyahu) - "Korvu Pekudos ha'Ir".
(a) Question: "Achar ha'Davar ha'Zeh Lo Shav Yerav'am" -
(b) Answer (R. Aba): After Hash-m grabbed him by his garment
and said 'Repent, and I, you and David will walk together
in Gan Eden';
1. Yerav'am: Who will be in front?
(c) R. Avahu was expounding about the three kings (without a
share in the world to come); he fell sick, he resolved
not to expound about them.
2. Hash-m: David.
3. Yerav'am: If so, I am not interested.
(d) He recovered, and resumed expounding about them.
1. His Talmidim: Didn't you resolve not to expound
(e) Rav Ashi finished teaching, he was up to the three kings;
he deridingly said 'Tomorrow we will discuss our
colleagues'. Menasheh came to him in a dream.
2. R. Avahu: They did not cease their evil, should I
cease expounding about them?!
1. Menasheh: You consider us the colleague of you and
your father?! From where do we slice bread (after
2. Rav Ashi: I do not know.
3. Menasheh: You do not know where to slice bread, and
you call me your colleague?!
4. Rav Ashi: Teach me, I will teach the law tomorrow in
5. Menasheh: We cut from where it first forms a crust.
6. Rav Ashi: Since you are such a Chacham, why did you
7. Menasheh: (There was a tremendous Yetzer ha'Ra for
it -) had you lived in my days, you would have
picked up the bottom of your garment in order to run
quickly to serve!
(a) The next day, Rav Ashi said 'We will expound about our
1. Ach'av - he was an Ach to Shamayim, and an Av
(father) of idolatry;
(b) (R. Yochanan): "Ha'Nakel Lechto b'Chata'os Yerav'am" -
Ach'av's lightest transgressions were like Yerav'am's
most severe ones;
i. Version #1 (Rashi): He was an Ach (pain) to
Shamayim - "Ach l'Tzarah Yivaled"
2. "K'Rachem Av Al Banim" - he loved idolatry as a
father loves his children.
ii. Version #2 (Maharsha): When he was Ach (in
pain), he turned to Shamayim - "Ach l'Tzarah
iii. Version #3: He was an Ach (brother) to Shamayim
(Iyun Yakov - Chachamim benefited from his
property; ha'Rif - he honored the Torah) - "Ach
1. The Torah attributes sins (of other wicked kings) to
Yerav'am, because was the initiator.
(c) (R. Yochanan): "Mizbechosam k'Galim Al Talmei Sadai" - in
every furrow in Eretz Yisrael, Ach'av erected an idol and
bowed to it.
(d) Question: What is the source that he has no share in the
world to come?
(e) Answer: "Ve'Hichrati l'Ach'av...v'Atzur" - in this world;
"V'Azuv" - in the world to come.
(f) (R. Yochanan): Omri merited to be king because he added a
city to Yisrael - "Va'Yiken Es ha'Har...va'Yiven Es
(g) (R. Yochanan): Ach'av merited to be king for 22 years
because he honored the Torah which is written with 22
1. "Amar Ben Hadad Kaspecha u'Zhavcha Li Hu v'Nashecha
u'Vanecha...Kol Machmad Einecha Yasimu v'Yadam
v'Lakachu"; Ach'av conceded to "Kol Asher
Shilachta...veha'Davar ha'Zeh Lo Uchal La'asos".
(h) (Rav Nachman): Ach'av's Mitzvos and sins weighed equally
- "Mi Yefateh Es Ach'av...va'Yomer Zeh b'Cho v'Zeh Omer
b'Cho", Hash-m had to find a volunteer to entice him.
2. Suggestion: "Machmad Einecha", the only thing Ach'av
would not relinquish, refers to the Sefer Torah.
3. Question: Perhaps it refers to idolatry!
4. Rejection: "Va'Yomru Elav Kol ha'Zekenim v'Chol
ha'Am Al Tishma" (Zekenim would not insist on
5. Question: Perhaps Zekenim does not refer to
Chachamim, rather, to old wicked people!
i. (Rav Yosef): "Va'Yishar ha'Davar (to seek to
kill David immediately) b'Einei Avshalom
uv'Einei Kol Ziknei Yisrael" - these Zekenim
were wicked old people.
6. Answer: Here it says "v'Chol ha'Am" (also wanted to
keep Machmad Einecha) - there were some Tzadikim
among them, "V'Hish'arti v'Yisrael Shivas
Alafim...Asher Lo Kor'u la'Ba'al".
(i) Objection (Rav Yosef): It says "Lo Hayah ch'Ach'av Asher
Himacher La'asos ha'Ra...Hesatah Oso Izevel Ishto" - you
cannot say that his deeds were equal!
1. (Beraisa): Every day she gave gold to idolatry
(Maharsha - as if to redeem him from the idolatry,
to which he was sold).
(j) Answer: Ach'av was easygoing with his money, and
Chachamim benefited from his property, this atoned for
half his sins.
(k) (R. Yochanan): "Va'Yetzei ha'Ru'ach...Ani
Afatenu...v'Hayisi Ru'ach Sheker b'Fi Kol Nevi'av..." -
the Ru'ach was that of Navos.
(l) (Ravina): "Va'Yomer (Hash-m) Tzei" - Hash-m told him
'Leave My Presence' - "Dover Shekarim Lo Yikon l'Neged
1. (Rav Papa): This is as people say, one who takes
vengeance destroys his own house.
(m) (R. Yochanan): "...Va'Yosef Ach'av La'asos Lehach'is Es
Hash-m...miKol Malchei Yisrael" - he wrote in the gates
of Shomron 'Ach'av Kafar b'Elokei Yisrael' - therefore
has no share in Hash-m (i.e. the world to come).
(n) (R. Levi): "Va'Yvakesh Es Achazyahu va'Yilkeduhu v'Hu
Mischabei b'Shomron" - he would erase Hash-m's name from
Sifrei Torah and write the name of idolatry in its place
(he had to hide to do this).
(a) He is called Menasheh because Nashah Kah (he forgot
Hash-m); alternatively, because he made Yisrael forget
(b) Question: What is Chachamim's source that he has no share
in the world to come?
(c) Answer: "...Ka'Asher Asah Ach'av" - just as Ach'av has no
share, also Menasheh.
(d) (Mishnah - R. Yehudah): Menasheh has a share in the world
to come - "Va'Yispalel...va'Ye'aser Lo".
(e) (R. Yochanan): Chachamim and R. Yehudah expound the same
verse - "L'Za'avah l'Chol Mamlachos ha'Aretz Biglal
1. R. Yehudah says, they will tremble because he
repented, and they did not;
2. Chachamim say, they will suffer because he did not
repent, and they were drawn after him.