POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 39
1) ANSWERING HERETICS (cont.)
(a) (R. Yochanan): R. Meir had 300 parables about foxes, we
know only three, based on these verses:
2) ANSWERING HERETICS (cont.)
1. "Avos Yochlu Boser v'Shinei ha'Banim Tikhenah"
(Rashi - this teaches that children are punished for
their fathers' sins (if they also sin). Maharsha -
all the parables teach that Resha'im hope to get a
full share in the world to come for minimal effort
in this world, in truth, they do not get any share
in the world to come.)
(b) Question (a heretic): Your G-d steals - "Va'Yapel Hash-m
Tardemah Al ha'Adam (and he took a Tzela (rib or side)"!
2. "Moznei Tzedek Avnei Tzedek"
3. "Tzadik mi'Tzarah Nechelatz va'Yavo Rasha Tachtav".
(c) R. Gamliel's daughter: Allow me to answer.
1. His daughter (to the heretic): Bring a judge, to
hear our claim - thieves stole a silver flask from
us and left a gold flask in its place.
(d) A heretic: I know what your G-d is doing.
2. The heretic: I wish such thieves would steal from
3. His daughter: Wasn't it advantageous for Adam to
lose a Tzela and receive a servant!
4. The heretic: I meant, Hash-m should have taken it
5. His daughter: Bring me raw meat. (She roasted it on
hot ashes in front of him, and offered him to eat
6. The heretic: It is repulsive to me (because I saw it
before it was ready).
7. His daughter: Likewise, had Adam seen his Tzela
taken, Chavah would have been repulsive to him.
1. R. Gamliel sighed.
(e) A heretic: It says "(Hash-m) Moneh Mispar la'Kochavim" -
what is so special about this?
2. The heretic: What is wrong?
3. R. Gamliel: I have a son overseas, I long to see him
- please show him to me.
4. The heretic: I don't know where he is!
5. R. Gamliel: You don't know the whereabouts of those
on earth, do you know about the One in Heaven?!
1. Version #1 - the heretic: Even I could do so!
(f) A heretic: Mountains and wind were created by different
powers - "Hinei Yotzer Harim u'Vorei Ru'ach" (one creator
would have been Yotzer or Borei both)!
2. R. Gamliel put quince (fruits) in a strainer, and
was shaking them around; he asked him to count them.
3. The heretic: First stop moving them.
4. R. Gamliel: The stars also move!
5. Version #2 - the heretic: I counted the stars!
6. R. Gamliel: How many molars and teeth do you have?
The heretic put his hand in his mouth to count them.
7. R. Gamliel: You do not know what is in your mouth -
do you know what is in Heaven?!
(g) Rejection (R. Gamliel): In the creation of man, it says
"Va'Yivra" and "Va'Yitzer" - will you say that different
creators made man together?!
1. If you want to say this - will you say so even about
two (organs in) holes right near each other -
"Ha'Note'a Ozen...Yotzer Ayin"?!
(h) A witch (to Ameimar): I know (through witchcraft) that
the upper half of your body belongs to Hormiz (a Shed
(demon)), the lower half belongs to Hash-m.
2. The heretic: Yes, different creators made them.
3. R. Gamliel: When a man dies, do all his creators
simultaneously agree that it is time for him to
(i) Rejection (Ameimar): If so, why would Hash-m allow Hormiz
to pass wastes of his region (from what I eat) through
Hash-m's region (from which I excrete)?!
(j) The Kaiser (to R. Tanchum): Let us be one united nation!
(k) R. Tanchum: We are circumcised, we cannot be like you -
you can circumcise yourselves and be like us!
(l) The Kaiser: You are right - but anyone who outwits the
king is thrown to the quarry of wild animals.
1. They threw him in, the animals did not eat him.
(m) A heretic (to R. Gamliel): You say that the Shechinah
dwells among any 10 Yisraelim - how many Shechinos are
2. A Tzeduki: They did not eat him because they are not
3. They threw the Tzeduki in, the animals ate him.
(n) R. Gamliel called for the heretic's servant, and hit him
on the neck - he asked, why did you let the sun enter the
1. The heretic: It enters everywhere!
(o) Question #1 (A Min, of R. Avahu): Your G-d is a jokester
- he told Yechezkeil "Shechav Al Tzidecha ha'Smoli", then
he told him "V'Shachavta Al Tzidecha ha'Yemini"!
2. R. Gamliel: The sun is one of billions of servants
of Hash-m, it shines everywhere - all the more so,
(p) Question #2 (A Talmid, of R. Avahu): What is the reason
for the Mitzvah of Shemitah?
(q) Answer (to both questions - R. Avahu): Hash-m told
Yisrael to farm for six years and cease in the seventh,
in order that they will know that the land is Hash-m's;
1. They did not obey, therefore they were exiled.
(r) If the people of a province rebelled against their
1. If the king is cruel, he will kill all of them;
2. If he is merciful, he will kill half;
3. If he is full of mercy, he will afflict the most
4. Likewise, Hash-m afflicted Yechezkeil in order that
cleanse the sins of Yisrael.
(a) Question (A Min, of R. Avahu): Your G-d is a Kohen, He
commanded "Va'Yikchu Li Terumah";
1. After he buried Moshe, in what Mikvah did He
(b) Answer (R. Avahu): He immersed in fire - "Ki Hine Hash-m
2. Suggestion: Perhaps He immersed in water.
3. Rejection: "Mi Madad b'Sha'alo Mayim" - all of the
water in the world does not even contain His hand!
(c) Question (the Min): Does immersing in fire really count
in place of immersion?!
(d) Answer (R. Avahu): Indeed, that is the preferred
immersion - "V'Chol Asher Lo Yavo ba'Esh Ta'aviru
(e) Question (A Min, of R. Avahu): It says "U'Mi ch'Amcha
Yisrael Goy Echad ba'Aretz";
1. What is special about you - "Kol ha'Goyim k'Ayin
Negdo (all the nations, including Yisrael, are
insignificant compared to Hash-m)"!
(f) Answer (R. Avahu): Your prophet (Bil'am, who was a
Nochri) testified that Yisrael are counted separately -
"Uva'Goyim Lo Yischashav".
(g) Contradiction (R. Elazar): It says "Tov Hash-m la'Kol" -
it also says "Tov Hash-m l'Kovav".
3) DESTRUCTION OF RESHA'IM
(h) Answer (R. Elazar): This is a parable - if a man owns an
orchard, when he waters it (this is done all at once), he
waters all the trees; when he prunes (this is done one
tree at a time), he only prunes the good trees.
(a) (Mishnah): Therefore, everyone must say...("Uva'Avod
(b) (Rav Acha bar Chanina): "Va'Ya'avor *ha*'Rinah
ba'Machaneh" - *The* joy was the death of Achav.
(c) Question: Hash-m is not happy with the downfall of
1. (R. Yochanan): "B'Tzeis Lifne ha'Chalutz v'Omrim
"Hodu la'Sh-m Ki l'Olam Chasdo" - it does not say
"Ki Tov", because Hash-m is not happy with the
downfall of Resha'im.
(d) Answer (R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina): Hash-m is not happy,
but he makes others rejoice;
2. (R. Shmuel bar Nachman): "V'Lo Karav Zeh El Zeh Kol
ha'Laylah" - the angels wanted to sing in front of
Hash-m on the night of Kri'as Yam Suf;
i. Hash-m: My creations are drowning in the sea,
and you want to sing in front of Me?!
1. It says "Yasis" (He will make our enemies rejoice
over our downfall), it does not say 'Yasos' (He will
(e) (R. Elazar): "*Veha'Zonos* Rachatzu (when Achav died)" -
his death cleansed (clarified) two Chezyonos (prophetic
visions), of Michayhu and Eliyahu.
1. It says in Michayhu "Im Shov Tashuv b'Shalom" (i.e.
you will not return safely);
(f) (Rava): The verse discusses actual Zonos (harlots) -
Achav was easily chilled, Izevel made two pictures of
harlots in his chariot, to excite him and warm him. (When
he died, they were washed with his blood.)
2. It says in Eliyahu "Bi'Mkom Asher Lakeku ka'Kelavim
Es Dam Navos (they will lick your blood)".
(g) (R. Elazar): "V'Ish Mashach ba'Keshes l'Sumo va'Yakeh" -
it was l'Fi Sumo (he did not realize that this was Melech
(h) (Rava): This was in order Lesumam (to complete) the
(a) Question: "Va'Yikra Achav El Ovadyahu...v'Ovadyahu Yarei
Es Hash-m Me'od" - why does it digress to say this?
5) MEISHA'S OFFERING (OF HIS SON)
(b) Answer (R. Yitzchak): Achav asked Ovadyahu 'Lavan said to
Yakov "Nichashti va'Yvoracheni Hash-m Biglalecha", it
says about Yosef "Va'Yvorech Hash-m Es Beis ha'Mitzri
1. Why wasn't my house blessed - perhaps you do not
(c) (R. Aba): The verse praises Ovadyahu more than Avraham -
the Torah says that Avraham feared Hash-m, it does not
2. A Bas Kol (voice from Heaven) proclaimed "V'Ovadyahu
Yarei Es Hash-m Me'od" - Achav's house is not worthy
to be blessed.
(d) (R. Yitzchak): Ovadyahu merited prophecy because he hid
100 prophets in two caves - "B'Hachris Izevel Es Nevi'ei
Hash-m va'Yikach Ovadyahu...Chamishim Ish ba'Me'arah".
(e) Question: Why did he put 50 in each cave (and not all 100
in one cave)?
(f) Answer #1 (R. Elazar): He learned from Yakov, who split
his children into two camps, in case Esav would kill one,
"V'Hayah ha'Machaneh ha'Nishar li'Fletah".
(g) Answer #2 (R. Avahu): Neither cave had room for more than
(h) Question: "Chazon Ovadyah...le'Edom" - why did Ovadyahu
receive the prophecy for Edom?
(i) Answer #1 (R. Yitzchak): Ovadyahu lived among two
Resha'im (Achav and Izevel), he did not learn from their
ways, therefore he prophecized about (the descendants of)
Esav, who lived among two Tzedukim (Yitzchak and Rivka)
and did not learn from their ways.
(j) Answer #2 (Efrayim Maksh'ah): Ovadyahu was a convert from
1. This is as people say - the handle of the ax used to
chop trees of the forest comes from the forest
itself (the one who prophecized the downfall of Edom
came from Edom).
(k) (R. Yochanan): "Va'Yach (David) Es Mo'av..." - this is as
people say, the ax handle comes from the forest itself
(the one who struck Mo'av descends from (Rus, who was
1. (Rav Dimi): A thigh decays from the inside.
(a) (Rav or Shmuel): "Va'Yikach (Meisha, the king of Mo'av)
Es Beno...va'Ya'alehu Olah" - he intended for the sake of
(b) (The other of Rav and Shmuel): He intended to serve
(c) Question: "Va'Yhi Ketzef Gadol Al Yisrael" - We
understand according to the opinion that he intended for
the sake of Heaven (Yisrael was acting to anger Hash-m,
we were more liable by contrast);
1. But according to the opinion that he intended for
idolatry, why did this arouse Hash-m's anger against
(d) Answer: We learn from R. Yehoshua ben Levi.
1. Contradiction (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): It says
"Uch'Mishpetei ha'Goyim...Lo Asisem", it also says
(e) (R. Chanina bar Papa): "Va'Yis'u me'Alav va'Yashuvu
la'Aretz" - at that time, Yisrael's deeds reached the
Aretz, i.e. the lowest level.
2. Answer (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): We did not do like
their good deeds, we did like their bad deeds.
(Meisha's act alluded to sins of Yisrael.)
(f) (R. Chanina bar Papa): "Veha'Na'arah Yafah *Ad* Me'od" -
it does not say (only) 'Me'od', Avishag was not half as
beautiful as Sarah.