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1a) [line 3] IM HAYU NOHAGIN BO KODESH - with regard to the Halachos of
Kedushas Kehunah, through which we set aside the Kohanim from the rest of
the people, such as calling him to begin the Torah reading, to speak first
in a public forum, to be the first to expound the words of the Torah in a
scholarly gathering, to recite the "ha'Motzi" Berachah and the Birkas
ha'Mazon at a meal, to serve him the finest portion at a meal, etc.
2a) [line 4] KAVOD - honor, respect
4a) [line 6] K'MAN KARINAN RESHI'A BAR RESHI'A - according to whom do we
call (i.e. publicize) an evildoer, "an evildoer, son of an evildoer"
5) [line 14] HAYU MESHAK'IN OSO B'ZEVEL AD ARKUVOSAV - they would sink him into dung until his knees
6a) [line 15] SUDAR KASHEH - a strap of hard cloth
11) [line 22] HIKIFUHA CHAVILEI ZEMOROS - they surrounded her with bundles of branches
12) [line 24] PESILAH SHEL AVAR - a bar (lit. string) of molten lead
14) [line 28] "V'ES MACHTOS HA'CHATA'IM HA'ELEH B'NAFSHOSAM..." - "As for the censers of these sinners against their own souls, [let them make them into hammered plates for a covering of the altar; for they offered them before HaSh-m, therefore they are consecrated; and they shall be a sign to the people of Yisrael.]" (Bamidbar 17:3)
15) [line 30] AL ISKEI NAFSHOSAM - (lit. with regard to their souls) with regard to the flattery that they showed to Korach when they ate and drank with him during the night that he scoffed at Moshe and Aharon, the Torah, and eventually, at HaSh-m Himself. That flattery penetrated their souls until they totally aligned themselves with Korach. (RASHI)
16) [line 31] "B'CHANFEI LA'AGEI MA'OG, CHAROK ALAI SHINEIMO" - "Like profane men, scornful mockers, they gnashed at me with their teeth." (Tehilim 35:16) - "Ma'og" refers to a food item.
17a) [line 31] BISHVIL CHANUFAH SHE'HECHENIFU L'KORACH AL ISKEI LEGIMAH -
due to the flattered Korach for the matter of the food (see above, entry
18) [line 34] D'ASCHIL BEHU MI'GAVA'I - it started in them from the inside
21) [line 37] PARIM HA'NISRAFIM
22a) [line 38] ADAM CHOTEI NESHAMAH PIGUL - these words stand for the topics that are in common between the death penalty of Sereifah and the paradigm of either Adas Korach or Benei Aharon, as follows:
1. *Adam* refers to the fact that all three cases involve people, as opposed to the category of Parim ha'Nisrafim, which involves animals.b) [line 38] PIGUL (CHUTZ LI'MEKOMO)
(a) CHUTZ LI'MEKOMO - A Korban that was slaughtered with the intention of eating it or offering it outside of the *area* designated for it becomes disqualified, and may not be eaten or offered on the Mizbe'ach. This is learned from verse that repeats the prohibition of Chutz li'Zemano, slaughtering a Korban with the intention of eating or offering it after its allotted time (Vayikra 19:7, see below, (c)-(d)). Although Chazal usually use the term "Pigul" (putrid, rejected) to refer only to the prohibition of Chutz li'Zemano, our Gemara is based on the verse that also uses this term in reference to Chutz l'Mekomo (RASHI to Sanhedrin 42b DH Pigul).
(b) If a person eats intentionally from a Korban that was offered with the intention of Chutz li'Mekomo, he receives Malkus (lashes). If he eats from it unintentionally, he does not bring a Korban Chatas.
(c) CHUTZ LI'ZEMANO - A sacrifice that was slaughtered with the intention of eating it or offering it after its allotted time becomes disqualified. It is forbidden to eat such a Korban, as it states in Vayikra (7:18), "v'Im He'achol Ye'achel mi'Besar Zevach Shelamav ba'Yom ha'Shelishi, Lo Yeratzeh, ha'Makriv Oso Lo Yechashev Lo, *Pigul* Yiheyeh." - ("If [the person bringing the offering plans] to eat it on the third day, [the sacrifice] will not be accepted. It is considered Pigul (putrid, rejected) and it will not be counted in his favor.")
(d) If a person eats Pigul intentionally he is Chayav Kares. If he eats it unintentionally he must bring a Korban Chatas. (Sefer ha'Chinuch Mitzvah 144)
(e) Parim ha'Nisrafim are not eaten. However, if a Kohen slaughters a Par ha'Nisraf with the intention of offering the Eimurim (the fats and other parts of the Korban that are burned on the Mizbe'ach) outside of the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash, it will be disqualified as Chutz li'Mekomo.
23) [line 39] MACHSHIR L'DOROS - these words stand for the topics that are in common between the death penalty of Sereifah and the paradigm of Parim ha'Nisrafim, as follows:
1. *Machshir* refers to the fact that both the death penalty of Sereifah and the burning of the Parim ha'Nisrafim are correct forms in which people can accomplish Mitzvos of HaSh-m ("*Hechsher* Mitzvasam"). The burning of Adas Korach and Benei Aharon was not in the hands of the people, and as such, there was no way for anyone to accomplish a "Hechsher Mitzvah" through their burning.
24) [line 39] HANACH NEFISHAN - these (Adam Chotei Neshamah Pigul) are more numerous
25) [line 44] LAPISH LEI CHAVILEI ZEMOROS - add on [to the bonfire] for him [more] bundles of branches
26) [line 44] LA'AGAL - quickly
28a) [last line] NEFISHEI GAMLEI SAVEI - there are many old camels
29) [line 1] L'MAH TALMID CHACHAM DOMEH - to what is a Torah scholar compared [in the opinion of an Am ha'Aretz, a commoner]
30) [line 2] KITON - a pitcher
32) [line 4] KEIVAN SHE'NISHBAR, EIN LO TAKANAH - (lit. once it breaks, it can never be fixed) once he (the Talmid Chacham) loses his importance in his eyes (the eyes of the Am ha'Aretz), he can never regain it
33) [line 13] TZEDUKIM
34) [line 13] HACHI AMAR LEHU, V'HACHI AHADRU LEI?! - This is what he said to them, and this is what they answered him (the account recorded in the Mishnah)?!
35) [line 18] EIN MEVI'IN RE'AYAH MIN HA'KATAN - we do not bring a proof [of the occurrence of any event] from [the testimony of] a minor (or the testimony of an adult about an event that transpired when he was a minor)
36) [line 26] HAYU METIZIN ES ROSHO B'SAYIF - they would cut off his head with a sword
37) [line 27] NIVUL - disfigurement, disgrace
40a) [line 30] "... UV'CHUKOSEIHEM LO SELECHU." - "[After the doings of the land of Egypt, where you dwelt, you shall not do; and after the doings of the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you, you shall not do;] nor shall you walk in their ordinances." (Vayikra 18:3)
b) [line 30] UV'CHUKOSEIHEM LO SELECHU (DARCHEI HA'EMORI)
(a) Darchei ha'Emori is the term that refers to those customs of the Nochrim that have no logical foundation, but are not idol worship.41) [line 32] SORFIN AL HA'MELACHIM - the practice of ancient kings was to have their beds and personal belongings burned upon their death
42) [line 33] "... UV'MISREFOS AVOSECHA..." - (a) "[But you shall die in peace,] and just as [the beds and possessions] were burned for your fathers, [the previous kings who were before you, so shall they burn for you; and they will eulogize you, saying, 'Ah lord!' For I have pronounced the word, says HaSh-m." (b) "[But you shall die in peace,] and just as spices were burned for your fathers, [the previous kings who were before you, so shall they burn spices for you; and they will eulogize you, saying, 'Ah lord!' For I have pronounced the word, says HaSh-m." (Yirmeyahu 34:5)
43) [line 37] "... NAKOM YINAKEM." - "[And if a man strikes his servant, or his maid-servant, with a rod, and he dies under his hand, the death] shall surely be avenged." (Shemos 21:20)
44) [line 38] "V'HEVEISI ALEICHEM CHEREV NOKEMES NEKAM BERIS" - "And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge My covenant; [and when you are gathered together inside your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.]" (Vayikra 26:25)
45) [line 39] D'VARIZ LEI MIVRIZ - he is stabbed [with a knife or sword]
47) [line 39] D'AVID LEI GISTERA - that he is cut into two, lengthwise (lit. he is made into a disfigured, maimed body)
48) [line 41] D'KATAL AVDA - [we find the source for] one who kills a slave
(DIN YOM O YOMAYIM - the law of "one day or two days")
49) [line 41] V'LAV KAL VA'CHOMER HU? - but is it not a Kal v'Chomer? (If the Torah teaches that one who kills a slave is punished with death by the sword (Sayif), then certainly one who kills a normal Jew should be punished with death by the sword, and not with a less severe form of death (Chenek))
50) [line 43] "V'ATAH TEVA'ER HA'DAM HA'NAKI MI'KIRBECHA" - "And you will eradicate [the spilling of] the innocent blood from your midst [when you do that which is upright in the eyes of HaSh-m.]" (Devarim 21:9)
51) [line 44] EGLAH ARUFAH (EGLAH ARUFAH)
52) [line 45] TZAVAR - the neck