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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 32

ROSH HASHANAH 31-35 (Siyum!) - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri, the Shofar is not blown for the Pesukim of 'Malchuyos', which are inserted in the Berachah of Kedushas Hashem.
In which three Berachos are the three required sets blown?

(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Akiva disagree with Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri?

(c) Where is Malchuyos placed in his opinion, and when does one blow?

(d) Are there any other major changes in the order of the first three and the last three Berachos in the Musaf of the Amidah of Rosh Hashanah?

(a) When Rebbi Akiva asks on Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri 'If we don't blow by Malchuyos, then why mention them?', why can he not have meant this literally?

(b) So what *did* he mean?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...

  1. ... "Havu la'Hashem B'nei Eilim"?
  2. ... "Havu la'Hashem Kavod va'Oz"?
  3. ... "Havu la'Hashem Kevod She'mo, Hishtachavu la'Hashem be'Hadras Kodesh"?
(a) The Torah writes in Emor "Shabason Zichron Teru'ah Mikra Kodesh".
What does Rebbi Eliezer learn from ...
  1. ... "Shabason"?
  2. ... "Zichron"?
  3. ... "Teru'ah"?
  4. ... "Mikra Kodesh"?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Akiva disagree with his Rebbe? What does "Shabason" refer to according to him?

(c) And what does he then learn from "Mikra Kodesh"?

(a) What does Rebbi (who is coming to explain Rebbi Akiva) learn from "Ani Hashem Elokeichem ... u'va'Chodesh ha'Shevi'i"?

(b) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah argues with Rebbi. In his opinion, this Derashah is not necessary, because we can derive Malchuyos from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "ve'Hayu Lachem le'Zikaron ... Ani Hashem Elokeichem" (in connection with the trumpets).
How would we learn Malchuyos from there?

(c) Why should one include Kedushas ha'Yom in ...

  1. ... Malchuyos, according to Rebbi (like Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah)?
  2. ... Zichronos, according to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?
(a) What did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel comment in Usha one Rosh Hashanah ...
  1. ... when Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah included Malchuyos in Kedushas Hashem on Rosh Hashanah (like Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri)?
  2. ... when, on the second day, Rebbi Chanina Be'no shel Rebbi Yossi Hagelili included it in Zichronos, like Rebbi Akiva?
(b) But how can Raban Shimon ben Gamliel agree with Chanina Be'no shel Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, when he specifically disagrees with Rebbi Akiva (because in his opinion, one includes Kedushas ha'Yom in Zichronos, and not in Malchuyos)?

(c) What is the problem with 'the second day' mentioned by the Beraisa? Why can it not be taken literally?

(d) So what *did* the Tana mean by that?

(a) According to the Tana Kama, one inserts a minimum of ten Pesukim for Malchuyos, ten for Zichronos and ten for Shofros.
What does Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri say?

(b) What does Rebbi Levi mean when he ascribed the ten Pesukim to the ten Hilulim?

(c) According to Rav Yosef, they correspond to the Aseres ha'Dibros. What does Rebbi Yochanan ascribe them to?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "bi'D'var Hashem Shamayim Na'asu"? What difficulty do we dispel with that?

(a) When Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri says that if one said three from each, he is Yotze, we are not at first sure what he means.
What are the two possible explanations of his statement?

(b) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, one inserts *ten* Pesukim of Malchuyos ... Lechatchilah, Bedieved, *three*.
What does Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri say?

(c) How do we resolve our She'eilah (in a.) from there?

(a) Some ascribe the minimum three Pesukim of Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri to Torah, Nevi'im and Kesuvim.
What do others say?

(b) To what do the seven Pesukim (Bedieved of the Tana Kama - and presumably the seven Lechatchilah of Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri) correspond?

(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

Answers to questions



(a) Which kind of Pesukim of punishment are we permitted to insert among the Malchuyos, Zichronos and Shofros?

(b) In which order must the Pesukim from Tenach be inserted, according to ...

  1. ... the Tana Kama?
  2. ... Rebbi Yossi?
(c) The Navi Yechezkel warns us that Hashem will, if need be, "rule over us with a strong hand ... and with poured out wrath".
What did Rav Nachman comment on that Pasuk?

(d) Does this mean that it is in order to insert it in the Pesukim of Malchuyos?

(a) According to Rebbi Yossi, one may insert the Pasuk from Vayeira "va'Hashem Pakad es Sarah ... ".
On what grounds does Rebbi Yehudah disagree with him?

(b) Why is this Pasuk not invalid even according to Rebbi Yossi (who considers Pikdonos like Zichronos), because it is Pikdonos de'Yachid?

(c) The Pesukim in Tehilim "Se'u She'arim Rosheichem ... ve'Yavo *Melech* ha'Kavod. Mi Zeh *Melech* ha'Kavod ... " and "Zamru Elokim ... *le'Malkeinu* Zamru, Ki *Melech* Kol ha'Aretz Elokim", Rebbi Yossi counts as two Malchuyos.
Why does Rebbi Yehudah count only as one Malchus ...

  1. ... "Se'u She'arim Rosheichem ... ve'Yavo Melech ha'Kavod. Mi Zeh Melech ha'Kavod? ... "?
  2. ... "Zamru Elokim ... *le'Malkeinu* Zamru, Ki *Melech* Kol ha'Aretz Elokim"?
(d) Is a reference to Hashem's Throne considered a Pasuk of Malchus?
(a) According to Rebbi Yossi, a Pasuk that contains both 'Zikaron' and 'Teru'ah' can be inserted both in Zichronos and in Shofros, and the same principle applies to a Pasuk that contains both 'Malchus' and 'Teru'ah'.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say about a Pasuk that contains ...
  1. ... both 'Zikaron' and 'Teru'ah'?
  2. ... both 'Malchus' and 'Teru'ah'?
(b) Rebbi Yossi permits inserting a Pasuk which contains 'Teru'ah' in Shofros.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) With which section of Tenach should one conclude the Pesukim, according to Rebbi Yossi?

(b) Then why does he say in the Mishnah 've'Im Hishlim ba'Torah, Yatza'?
What did he really mean to say?

(c) Rebbi Yehudah does not consider any of the three following Pesukim in the Torah valid to be inserted in Malchuyos: "Shema Yisrael ... "; "ve'Yada'ta ha'Yom va'Hasheivosa el Levavecha"; "Ata Har'eisa la'Da'as Ki Hashem Hu ha'Elokim ... ".
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(d) Why is Rebbi Yossi's opinion here particularly significant?

(a) Hallel is said at Shachris, whereas the Shofar is blown at Musaf. What reason ...
  1. ... did we initially give for the latter?
  2. ... do we give for saying Hallel at Shachris (despite the fact that there are more people in Shul for Musaf)?
(b) Then why did Chazal institute blowing the Shofar only at Musaf?

(c) How do we deduce from our Mishnah that Hallel is not said on Rosh Hashanah?

(d) Why is it not said?

(a) It is forbidden to cross the Techum on Yom-Tov, move a pile of rubble, climb a tree, or contravene any other Isur (d'Oraysa or de'Rabanan) in order to hear the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah.
Why is that?

(b) May one pour water or wine in the Shofar on Yom-Tov to clear it? Why might this be forbidden?

(c) What does the Gemara mean when it asks on the Mishnah (that forbids first crossing the Techum and moving a pile of rubble, and then climbing a tree and riding an animal in order to hear the Shofar), 'Hashta de'Rabanan Amrat Lo, d'Oraysa Miba'i'? Which Isur d'Oraysa does this refer to?

(d) What is the answer?

Answers to questions
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