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Rosh Hashanah 31

ROSH HASHANAH 31-35 (Siyum!) - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) The Shir shel Yom:

(a) On Sunday, the Levi'im would say "la'Hashem ha'Aretz u'Melo'ah, Teivel ve'Yoshvei Vah", because that is the day on which Hashem created heaven and earth (ready to give it to His creations) and took control over it.
Why, on Monday, did they say "Hashem is great and exceedingly praised, in the city of G-d is his holy mountain"?

(b) On Tuesday, they said "G-d stands in the community of Hashem ... ", because He divided the land from the water, creating a location for His community to stand (i.e. to live).
Why, on Wednesday, did they say "Hashem is the G-d of vengeance ... "?

(c) On Thursday, they said "Sing Praise to the G-d of our strength, because He created such a breathtaking variety of birds and fish.
Why, on Friday, did they say "Hashem Malach, Gei'us Laveish ... "?

(d) According to Rebbi Akiva, they said "Mizmor Shir le'Yom ha'Shabbos" in honor of the World to Come, the day which is entirely Shabbos.
On what grounds does Rebbi Nechemyah disagree with Rebbi Akiva?

(a) The basis of Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi Nechemyah's dispute lies in the Machlokes between Rav Ketina and Abaye. Rebbi Akiva learns from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Nisgav Hashem Levado ba'Yom ha'Hu", like Rav Ketina. Rebbi Nechemyah learns from a Pasuk in Hoshei'a, like Abaye.
What does the Pasuk in Hoshei'a say? What does Abaye learn from it?

(b) Rav Anan bar Rava teaches us that at Musaf on Shabbos they would say 'ha'Ziv Lach'.
What does 'ha'Ziv Lach' represent?

(c) What else did Rav Anan bar Rava say about it?

(d) And Rebbi Yochanan taught us that, at Minchah on Shabbos, they would say "Az Yashir", "Mi Chamochah" and "Az Yashir".
What do each of these refer to?

3) We ask whether they recited the six paragraphs of Musaf and the three of Minchah each week, or whether they recited one paragraph each week, and we resolve this from a statement of Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa.
What did Rebbi Yossi say?


(a) Rav Yehudah bar Idi Amar Rebbi Yochanan describes the exiles of both the Shechinah and the Sanhedrin from the Beis-Hamikdash.
How many stages of exile did each one go experience?

(b) Why is this discussed here, at this juncture?

(c) During whose tenure of princehood did the Sanhedrin leave Yerushalayim? Where did they go?

(a) The Shechinah first moved from the lid of the Aron to the Cherub, and from the Cherub to the threshold of the Heichal.
Where did it go from there?

(b) From the Chatzer, the Shechinah moved to the copper Mizbei'ach, from where it moved to the roof.
Where was its next stop?

(c) The Shechinah then moved from the wall of the Chatzer into Yerushalayim, and from Yerushalayim to Har ha'Zeisim.
Where did it go from there before finally ascending back to its source in heaven?

(d) What can we learn from the fact that it moved in so many stages?

(a) The move from the threshold of the Heichal to the Mizbei'ach is recorded in the Book of Amos.
How is this possible, considering that the move from the Cherub to the threshold is recorded in Yechezkel, who lived long after Amos?

(b) At which stage did the Shechinah leave the Beis Hamikdash altogether to go up to the roof?

(c) How long did the Shechinah wait in the desert before it making its final ascent? What was it waiting for?

(d) What is the significance of the Pasuk in Iyov "ve'Einei Resha'im Tichlenah, u'Manos Avad Minhem, ve'Sikvasam Mapach Nafesh"?
When did Hashem say this?

(a) Correspondingly, the Sanhedrin went into exile ten times.
What is the source for this?

(b) Did the two occur simultaneously?

(c) The first exile was from the Lishkas ha'Gazis (in the Beis Hamikdash itself) to the Chanuyos.
Why did they make that move?

Answers to questions



(a) The Sanhedrin subsequently moved from the Chanuyos to Yerushalayim. Where did it go from there?

(b) It then went from Usha back to Yavneh.
Where did it go next?

(c) What caused the Sanhedrin to move from one place to another?

(d) The Sanhedrin moved from Yerushalayim to Yavneh in the days of Raban Yochanan ben Zakai, and from Yavneh to Usha and back in the days of Raban Gamliel.
During whose tenure did it move back to Usha?

(a) From Usha, it moved to Shefar'am, to Beis She'arim, to Tzipori.
Who was Nasi during these three moves?

(b) What was its last stop?

(c) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ki *Heishach* Yoshvei Marom, Kiryah Nisgavah, *Yashpilenah*, *Yashpilah* *ad Aretz*, *Yagi'enah* *ad Afar*"?

(d) From where will the redemption come?

(a) According to Torah law, to which location did the witnesses who saw the new moon ultimately have to go?

(b) What did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai institute in this regard?

(c) What did Ameimar do with a certain woman who resided in Neherda'a, when she refused to go to Mechuza, where he currently was, and where he had called her to court?

(d) In view of Raban Yochanan's Takanah, why was she obligated to go, seeing as the Beis-Din resided in Neherda'a?

(a) We have learned six Takanos of Raban Yochanan ben Zakai in *this* Perek, and one in the *first* (that the witnesses break Shabbos only for Nisan and Tishri). Of the remaining three, one is the obligation of Kohanim to wear shoes when going up to Duchen. The other concerns every Ger (convert) nowadays.
What is it?

(b) How much is a Rova? What type of Korban can one purchase for such a small amount of money?

(c) From where do we know that a Ger is obligated to bring a Korban when he converts?

(a) In Rav Papa's opinion, the tenth Takanah of Raban Yochanan ben Zakai is that of Kerem Reva'i; according to Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak, it is the Lashon shel Zehoris.
In this context, what is ...
  1. ... 'Kerem Reva'i'?
  2. ... 'Lashon shel Zehoris'?
(b) Why did Rebbi Eliezer want to declare his vine-yard Hefker?

(c) On what grounds did his disciples deter him from doing so?

(a) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak disagrees with Rav Papa. How is it possible, he maintains, for the disciples of Rebbi Eliezer to refer to Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai as Rebbi Eliezer's colleague?
How will Rav Papa counter this?

(b) Raban Yochanan ben Zakai's life was divided into three sections (similar to that of Rebbi Akiva's, many years later). What were the three sections?

(c) How many years before the Churban did the red thread stop turning white?

(d) Rav Papa disagrees with Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak, due to the fact that Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai's era of Takanos only began within the last forty years of the Churban Beis-Hamikdash, after the red thread had already stopped turning white.
How will Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak counter this?

Answers to questions
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