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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 26

ROSH HASHANAH 26, 27 - sponsored by Reb Wolf Rosengarten of Zurich, in honor of Rav Moshe Soloveitchik Zt'l and the dedicated students of the Yeshiva he established in Moscow.


(a) From where do we know that Rosh Hashanah requires a Shofar (and not a trumpet)?

(b) Why is a cow's horn not valid for blowing on Rosh Hashanah?

(c) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "bi'M'shoch be'Keren ha'Yovel"? What does "ha'Yovel" mean?

(d) The Rabbanan counter Rebbi Yossi by arguing that, even though all Shofros are called horns, they are also referred to as Shofros; whereas that of a cow is referred to exclusively as a horn.
Where is a cow (or a bull)'s horn called a Keren?

(a) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Sitav la'Hashem mi'Shor Par"?

(b) The Rabbanan explain that Pasuk like Rav Masna, who says that the bull that Hashem created at Ma'aseh Bereishis was fully-grown.
How do they learn that from the words "mi'Shor Par"?

(a) Ula connects the Rabbanan's reasoning with Rav Chisda, who explains why the Kohen Gadol was forbidden to enter the Kodesh Kodashim with the 'Bigdei Zahav'.
What is the reason that is common to both?

(b) How will we then explain the fact that the blood of the bull on Yom Kipur was taken inside the Kodesh Kodashim?

(c) And how will we explain the fact that ...

  1. ... the Aron, the lid and the Cherub (all made of gold) were in the Kodesh Kodashim?
  2. ... the Kohen Gadol entered the Kodesh Kodashim with the spoon and the fire-pan (also made of gold) on Yom Kipur?
(d) The Kohen Gadol wore gold for the Avodos in the Heichal on Yom Kipur (as well as the whole year round), because he did not wear them in the Kodesh Kodshim. In that case, argues Rebbi Yossi, the Shofar was not blown in the Kodesh Kodshim either, so why not use a cow's horn?
How do the Rabbanan counter that?
(a) How can Ula (and subsequently Abaye, whom we are now about to discuss) give reasons for the Tana Kama, when he themself said 'Mipnei she'Hu Keren'?

(b) Abaye gives the Tana Kama's reason as being the fact that the Torah writes "Shofar", and not "Shofros".
What does he mean?

(c) What does Rebbi Yossi reply to that?

(a) Rebbi Akiva discovered the meaning of various words on his travels (presumably to nullify evil decrees against the Jews).
What did they call a ram's horn in Arabia?

(b) When he went to ...

  1. ... France, they called a Nidah 'Galmudah'.
    What is that an acronym for?
  2. ... Africa, they called a Ma'ah (a small coin), 'Kesitah'.
    Why do we need to know this?
(c) Rebbi and Resh Lakish traveled, too.
What did people mean when they spoke of ...
  1. ... 'Kirah'? Why do we need to know that?
  2. ... 'Sechvi'?
  3. ... 'Ninfi'? Which Pasuk in Tehilim has the same connotation?
Answers to questions



(a) How did Levi react, when a man said to him 'Kav'an P'lanya'?

(b) What would Rava from Barnish have asked him, to find out what he was saying?

(c) Why did Levi not employ that method?

(d) The Talmidei Chachamim in the Beis-Hamedrash quoted him the Pasuk in Tehilim "ha'Yikba Adam Elokim"? What does that Pasuk mean?

(a) The maidservant of Rebbi appears to have been something of a linguist, from whom the Rabbanan learnt many words. She onc taught them that Chaluglugos is the equivalent of what they knew as 'Parpachinin' (purslane- plant).
What did she mean when she said to the Rabbanan 'Till when will you enter the Beis-Hamedrash 'Sirugin Sirugin'?

(b) What is the meaning of the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Mishlei "Salselehah u'Seromemeka"?
  2. ... in Yeshayah (with reference to Bavel) "ve'Teiteisiha bi'Meta'tei Hashmeid?
  3. ... in Tehilim "Hashleich al Hashem Yehavcha, ve'Hu Yechalkelecha"?
(a) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, the Shofar of Rosh Hashanah must be made from the straight horn of an ibex (a kind of wild-goat), and the mouthpiece of the one blown in the Beis Hamikdash overlaid with gold.
Why does it have to be straight?

(b) How many Shofros and how many trumpets were blown in the Beis Hamikdash?

(a) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, on what kind of Shofros did they blow in the Beis Hamikdash on fast-days? Which fast-days is the Tana referring to?

(b) With what was *their* mouthpiece overlaid?

(c) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees with the Tana Kama.
In his opinion, on what did they blow ...

  1. ... on Rosh Hashanah?
  2. ... on Yom Kipur of the Yovel?
(d) How were the Shofros and trumpets placed, and how did the way they were blown differ ...
  1. ... on Rosh Hashanah?
  2. ... on fast-days?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he compares the Yovel to Rosh Hashanah with regard to ...
  1. ... the blowing?
  2. ... the Berachos?
(b) What is the purpose of blowing the Shofar on Yom Kipur of the Yovel?
(a) In Levi's opinion, the Mitzvah on Rosh Hashanah and on Yom Kipur of Yovel is to blow on a ram's horn, and during the rest of the year, on a straight one.
Why does he not say that he rules like Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) What is the basis of the Machlokes between the Tana Kama and Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) And on what grounds does Levi decline to rule like Rebbi Yehudah regarding Yovel, too?

Answers to questions
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