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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 21

ROSH HASHANAH 21 & 22 (12,13 Av) - dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's grandmother, Mrs. G. Turkel, to the memory of her husband, Reb Yisrael Shimon (Isi) ha'Levi Turkel, who loved Torah and worked to support Torah until his last breath. He passed away on 10 Av 5780.


(a) What did Levi say when he arrived in Bavel from Eretz Yisrael on the eleventh of Tishri and found the B'nei Bavel eating?

(b) Why did they then ask him to testify that today was Yom-Kipur in Eretz Yisrael?

(c) What was his response?

(d) Was it necessary to hear the declaration directly from the Beis-Din in *all* months, in order to testify?

(a) What decree did Rebbi Yochanan issue with regard to places which the Sh'luchim were able to reach in Nisan, but not in Tishri?

(b) On what grounds did he have occasion to be angry with Rebbi Ayvu bar Nagri and Rebbi Chiya bar Aba in this regard?

(a) Why did Rava used to fast for two successive days on Yom Kipur?

(b) What happened one year?

(c) What did the man from Damharya inform Rav Nachman one Motza'ei Yom Kipur?

(d) What is the connection between this episode and ...

  1. ... the statement of Rav Nachman 'Dam Tehei Achariso'?
  2. ... the Pasuk in Eichah "Kalim Hayu Rodfeinu"?
(a) Rav Huna bar Avin instructed Rava that, when the Tekufah of Teives lasts until the *sixteenth* of Nisan, he should declare a leap-year without hesitation.
Why might he otherwise have hesitated?

(b) The Pasuk in Re'ei writes "Shamor es *Chodesh* *ha'Aviv*". What is meant by ...

  1. ... "Chodesh"?
  2. ... "Aviv"? Why is it refered to as 'Aviv'?
(c) What do we learn from the fact that they are placed together in the Pasuk?

(d) If the Tekufah fell on the *fifteenth*, it would not be in compliance with the Pasuk's requirements, either.
In that case, why would it not then be necessary to declare a leap-year?

(a) What instructions did Rav Nachman give the sailors with regard to burning their Chametz? How would they know when to perform this Mitzvah?

(b) Until which day in the month is the moon not normally visible after sunrise?

(c) Does this mean that Rava was telling the sailors to destroy their Chametz on the first day of Pesach?

Answers to questions



(a) On which months were the witnesses permitted (even obligated, if necessary) to desecrate the Shabbos min ha'Torah?

(b) Seeing as Chazal confined the breaking of Shabbos to Nisan and Tishri, because the Sh'luchim went out to Suryah (a sign that these months were important - see Tif'eres Yisrael, as to why the Tana mentions Surya and not Bavel), why did they not also incorporate the other four months listed in the previous Mishnah in this ruling?

(c) Why, when the Beis Hamikdash stood, did the Chachamim not decree on all the other months, like they did after the Churban?

(a) In which way would the Chilul Shabbos of the witnesses affect the time that the Sh'luchim had to travel in Nisan and Tishri?

(b) Why was this not the case with regard to their departure in the other months?

(c) Regarding the other months, in which case, besides the one that we just described, were the Sh'luchim permitted to leave even before hearing the declaration of Beis-Din?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor ...
  1. ... "Eileh Mo'adei Hashem Asher Tikre'u Osom *be'Mo'adam* ..."?
  2. ... "Asher *Tikre'u* Osom"?
(b) Who was the one to initiate stopping the Chilul Shabbos of the witnesses by the other ten months?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, the witnesses would break the Shabbos, even if the moon was seen in the middle of the sky.
Why might we have thought otherwise?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say?

(c) What message did Raban Gamliel send Rebbi Akiva when he stopped forty pairs of witnesses in Lud from proceeding further, because he considered the Chilul Shabbos unnecessary?

(a) What does the Pasuk in Tehilim mean when it describes the words of Hashem as "ba'Alil la'Aretz"?

(b) What is Rebbi Avahu proving from this Pasuk?

(c) How many 'Gates of Understanding' are there?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "va'Techasreihu Me'at me'Elokim"? To whom does this Pasuk refer?

(a) Who was Koheles?

(b) According to the explanation of either Rav or Shmuel, Shlomoh Hamelech requested to reach the level of Moshe Rabeinu.
What did they answer him?

(c) According to the other opinion, (who says 'bi'Nevi'im lo Kam, bi'Melachim Kam') what was Shlomoh's request?

(d) And what did they answer him *there*?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, it is inconceivable for Rebbi Akiva to have held back the forty pairs of witnesses in Lud.
Who then, was it?

(b) And how did Raban Gamliel react, according to Rebbi Yehudah?

Answers to questions
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