REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 21
ROSH HASHANAH 21 & 22 (12,13 Av) - dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's
grandmother, Mrs. G. Turkel, to the memory of her husband, Reb Yisrael
Shimon (Isi) ha'Levi Turkel, who loved Torah and worked to support Torah
until his last breath. He passed away on 10 Av 5780.
(a) What did Levi say when he arrived in Bavel from Eretz Yisrael on the
eleventh of Tishri and found the B'nei Bavel eating?
(b) Why did they then ask him to testify that today was Yom-Kipur in Eretz
(c) What was his response?
(d) Was it necessary to hear the declaration directly from the Beis-Din in
*all* months, in order to testify?
(a) What decree did Rebbi Yochanan issue with regard to places which the
Sh'luchim were able to reach in Nisan, but not in Tishri?
(b) On what grounds did he have occasion to be angry with Rebbi Ayvu bar
Nagri and Rebbi Chiya bar Aba in this regard?
(a) Why did Rava used to fast for two successive days on Yom Kipur?
(b) What happened one year?
(c) What did the man from Damharya inform Rav Nachman one Motza'ei Yom
(d) What is the connection between this episode and ...
- ... the statement of Rav Nachman 'Dam Tehei Achariso'?
- ... the Pasuk in Eichah "Kalim Hayu Rodfeinu"?
(a) Rav Huna bar Avin instructed Rava that, when the Tekufah of Teives lasts
until the *sixteenth* of Nisan, he should declare a leap-year without
Why might he otherwise have hesitated?
(b) The Pasuk in Re'ei writes "Shamor es *Chodesh* *ha'Aviv*". What is meant
(c) What do we learn from the fact that they are placed together in the
- ... "Chodesh"?
- ... "Aviv"? Why is it refered to as 'Aviv'?
(d) If the Tekufah fell on the *fifteenth*, it would not be in compliance
with the Pasuk's requirements, either.
In that case, why would it not then
be necessary to declare a leap-year?
(a) What instructions did Rav Nachman give the sailors with regard to
burning their Chametz? How would they know when to perform this Mitzvah?
Answers to questions
(b) Until which day in the month is the moon not normally visible after
(c) Does this mean that Rava was telling the sailors to destroy their
Chametz on the first day of Pesach?
(a) On which months were the witnesses permitted (even obligated, if
necessary) to desecrate the Shabbos min ha'Torah?
(b) Seeing as Chazal confined the breaking of Shabbos to Nisan and Tishri,
because the Sh'luchim went out to Suryah (a sign that these months were
important - see Tif'eres Yisrael, as to why the Tana mentions Surya and not
Bavel), why did they not also incorporate the other four months listed in
the previous Mishnah in this ruling?
(c) Why, when the Beis Hamikdash stood, did the Chachamim not decree on all
the other months, like they did after the Churban?
(a) In which way would the Chilul Shabbos of the witnesses affect the time
that the Sh'luchim had to travel in Nisan and Tishri?
(b) Why was this not the case with regard to their departure in the other
(c) Regarding the other months, in which case, besides the one that we just
described, were the Sh'luchim permitted to leave even before hearing the
declaration of Beis-Din?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor ...
(b) Who was the one to initiate stopping the Chilul Shabbos of the witnesses
by the other ten months?
- ... "Eileh Mo'adei Hashem Asher Tikre'u Osom *be'Mo'adam* ..."?
- ... "Asher *Tikre'u* Osom"?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, the witnesses would break the
Shabbos, even if the moon was seen in the middle of the sky.
Why might we
have thought otherwise?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say?
(c) What message did Raban Gamliel send Rebbi Akiva when he stopped forty
pairs of witnesses in Lud from proceeding further, because he considered the
Chilul Shabbos unnecessary?
(a) What does the Pasuk in Tehilim mean when it describes the words of
Hashem as "ba'Alil la'Aretz"?
(b) What is Rebbi Avahu proving from this Pasuk?
(c) How many 'Gates of Understanding' are there?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "va'Techasreihu Me'at
me'Elokim"? To whom does this Pasuk refer?
(a) Who was Koheles?
(b) According to the explanation of either Rav or Shmuel, Shlomoh Hamelech
requested to reach the level of Moshe Rabeinu.
What did they answer him?
(c) According to the other opinion, (who says 'bi'Nevi'im lo Kam,
bi'Melachim Kam') what was Shlomoh's request?
(d) And what did they answer him *there*?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, it is inconceivable for Rebbi
Akiva to have held back the forty pairs of witnesses in Lud.
Answers to questions
Who then, was
(b) And how did Raban Gamliel react, according to Rebbi Yehudah?