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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 17

ROSH HASHANAH 17 & 18 (8, 9 Av) - these Dafim have been dedicated by Rabbi Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, to the memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel (Yarhzeit: 10 Av).


(a) To whom was ...
  1. ... Chanah referring when she said "Hashem Meimis u'Mechayeh, *Morid She'ol va'Ya'al*"?
  2. ... David referring (according to Beis Hillel) when he said "Ahavti Ki Yishma Hashem es Koli Tachanunai"?
(b) What is meant by ...
  1. ... 'Posh'ei Yisrael be'Gufan'?
  2. ... 'Posh'ei Umos ha'Olam be'Gufan'?
(c) What will happen to them after the dead come back to life?
(a) What is meant by ...
  1. ... Minim?
  2. ... Mesoros?
  3. ... Apikorsim?
(b) Who is the epitome of those who sinned and who caused others to sin, too?

(c) What happens to this entire category of people?

(d) Besides those who deny the Torah and Techi'as ha'Meisim, which are the remaining two groups who belong to this category?

(a) What does the Gemara mean when it says that this group of people are so severely punished because 'Pashtu Yedeihem bi'Z'vul'? What is 'Z'vul'?

(b) Rav Yitzchak bar Avin describes their faces as being as black as the base of a pot. Rava is more specific.
Who is included in this group, according to him?

(a) The Pasuk in Zecharyah writes "ve'Heveisi es ha'Shelishis ba'Eish ... ". How do we then reconcile this with Beis Hillel, who maintain that Hashem tips the scales of the Benonim to spare them the anguish of Gehinom?

(b) When are Posh'ei Yisrael be'Gufan released from Gehinom immediately, and when do they burn there for twelve months?

(c) How does Rava interpret the Pasuk in Tehilim ...

  1. ... "Ahavti, Ki Yishma Hashem, es Koli Tachanunai"?
  2. ... "Dalosi ve'Li Yehoshi'a"?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "Lachein Yere'uhu Anashim Lo Yir'eh Kol Chachmei Leiv"?
(a) According to Beis Hillel, Hashem tips the scales in favor of the Benonim.
In which one of three ways might He do this?

(b) Does this mean that, according to Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael (the author of the third reason), that sin is immediately obliterated?

(c) What does Rava learn from the Pasuk in Michah "Nosei Avon ve'Over al Pesha"?

(a) Why was Rav Papa embarrassed to see his colleague Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua up and about?

(b) How did Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua reassure him?

(c) Regarding the lesson that we learn from "Nosei Avon ve'Over al Pesha", when Rebbi Acha bar Chanina said 'Alyah ve'Kotz Bah', he meant that there are strings attached.
What is the literal meaning of 'Alyah ve'Kotz Bah'?

(d) What are the 'strings'?

Answers to questions



(a) The following Pesukim appear self-contradictory. How do we resolve the apparent contradictions in each of them with one explanation ...
  1. ... Tzadik Hashem be'Chol Derachav, ve'Chasid be'Chol Ma'asav" (Tehilim)?
  2. ... "u'Lecha Hashem ha'Chesed, Ki Ata Teshalem ke'Ish ke'Ma'aseihu" (Ibid)?
  3. ... "ve'Rav Chesed ve'Emes" (Ki Sisa)?
(b) "*va'Ya'avor Hashem* al Panav va'Yikra" (See Agados Maharsha) (Ibid). How do Chazal Darshen this Pasuk in a way that we would not have dared, had the Torah not specifically done so?

(c) What did Hashem then say to Moshe?

(a) Why does the Name 'Hashem' appear twice in the thirteen attributes?

(b) What is the significance of the words "Hinei Anochi Kores B'ris" that immediately follow the thirteen Attributes of Hashem?

(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Hashmein Leiv ha'Am ha'Zeh ... *ve'Shav ve'Rafa Lo"*? How do we know that the Navi is referring to *after* the decree has been sealed?

(b) How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa which emphatically states that even if someone who did not do Teshuvah between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipur brings numerous offerings, he will not be forgiven (i.e. Hashem's decree will not be altered)?

(c) And how do we reconcile Rebbi Yochanan with the Beraisa which describes how, on the one hand, if the people were wicked on Rosh Hashanah, but did Teshuvah after the final decree has been sealed, then Hashem will direct all of the little rain that He decreed they would receive just where it is needed; on the other hand, if they were righteous on Rosh Hashanah, but retracted from their righteousness after the decree had been sealed, then He will direct the bountiful rain to fall in the wrong season and in places where it is not needed?

(a) What is the significance of the back to front 'Nunin' in the Pasuk in Tehilim, which describes how the sailors at sea (many sailors in many ships - comprising a community of people) implore Hashem to save them from the tempestuous sea, and how their prayers are answered?

(b) The Beraisa compares these 'Nunin' to 'Achin' and 'Rakin'.
What does he mean by that?

(c) How will Rebbi Yochanan (who holds that *communal* prayers are effective even *after* the decree has been sealed) explain this?

(a) Bluris the convert asked Raban Gamliel how he would reconcile the Pasuk in Eikev "Asher *Lo Yisa* Fanim" with the Pasuk in Naso "*Yisa* Hashem Panav Eilecha".
What did Rebbi Yossi ha'Kohen answer her?

(b) How did Rebbi Akiva resolve the contradiction?

(c) How will Rebbi Yochanan explain this Beraisa? Why will Teshuvah not help even after the decree has been sealed?

Answers to questions
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