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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 16

ROSH HASHANAH 16 (7 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his second Yarzeit. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who knew him.


(a) The world is judged four times annually.
For what is it judged ...
  1. ... on Pesach?
  2. ... on Shavu'os?
  3. ... on Rosh Hashanah?
  4. ... on Sukos?
(b) What problem do we initially have in explaining that the judgment on the produce pertains to the corn that is already growing?

(c) And on what basis do we reject the alternative suggestion that it pertains exclusively, to the corn that has yet to be sown?

(d) When will the judgment of have taken place, if something good or bad happens to a person between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipur?

(a) The Gemara's outcome is that all produce goes through *two* judgments. How does that work?

(b) When does one normally sow ...

  1. ... wheat and spelt?
  2. ... barley?
(c) What does Abaye therefore advise one to do if the wheat and spelt are growing well?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, the entire world is judged on Rosh Hashanah, and their Din is sealed on Yom Kipur?
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(b) What does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "va'Tifkedenu la'Bekarim"?
  2. ... Rebbi Nasan learn from the Pasuk there "li'Rega'im Tivchanenu"?
(c) Neither Rebbi Meir nor Rebbi Yossi nor Rebbi Nasan could possibly be the author of our Mishnah. Why could it not be Rebbi Yehudah either?

(d) Who then, *is* the author?

(a) We suggest that Rebbi Yossi (who learns that a person is judged only once a day) disagrees with Rebbi Nasan, because 'Bechinah' (Rebbi Nasan's source) implies no more than a perfunctory judgment.
On what grounds is this suggestion rejected?

(b) Clearly, then, the Pasuk "va'Tifkedenu la'Bekarim" cannot be Rebbi Yossi's source.
So from which Pasuk in Melachim *does* he learn that a person is judged once a day?

(c) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, who holds that a person's judgment is finalized on Yom Kipur, Davening for a sick person appears futile.
According to which Tana then, might we do that?

(d) Alternatively, we might pray for a sick person because of what Rebbi Yitzchak said.
What *did* Rebbi Yitzchak say?

(a) Why did the Torah instruct us ...
  1. ... to bring the Omer before Hashem on Pesach?
  2. ... to bring the two Loaves on Shavu'os?
  3. ... to pour water on the Mizbe'ach on Sukos?
(b) What is the connection between loaves of bread and fruit of a tree?

(c) And why, on Rosh Hashanah do we recite ...

  1. ... Malchuyos?
  2. ... Zichronos?
  3. ... Shofros?
(a) Why do we blow specifically on the horn of a *ram*?

(b) What is strange about Rav Yitzchak's Kashya 'Why do we blow the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah'?

(c) What is the source for Teki'as Shofar?

(d) What then, *did* Rav Yitzchak mean to ask?

Answers to questions



(a) What are ...
  1. ... 'Te'ki'os di'Meyushav'?
  2. ... 'Teki'os di'Me'umad'?
(b) Why does the Satan become confused when he sees us blowing more than we have been commanded?

(c) The Pasuk in Eikev writes "Tamid Einei Hashem Elokecha Bah *me'Reishis ha'Shanah ve'Ad Acharis Shanah"*.
Bearing in mind that the word "*me'Reishis* is missing an Aleph, how do we interpret the latter part of this Pasuk?

(a) What did Yishmael's descendants do to our ancestors when they were being taken into Galus?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayeira "Ki Shama Hashem es Kol ha'Na'ar *ba'Asher Hu Sham*"?

(a) A tottering wall and anticipating that our prayers will be answered, result in highlighting one's sins.
What is the third item on the list?

(b) From whom do we learn this?

(c) What do all three cases have in common?

(d) What do all the current Sugyos have in common?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "u'Tdedakah Tatzil mi'Maves" (Tehilim)?
  2. ... "va'Yitz'aku el Hashem ba'Tzar Lahem, u'mi'Metzukoseihem Yotzi'em"?
(b) From whom do we learn that an evil decree can be altered ...
  1. ... by changing one's name?
  2. ... by changing one's deeds?
(c) The above three correspond to 'Teshuvah, Tefilah and Tzedakah' (which, we say on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipur, avert the evil decree). Some add to the list, changing one's place of residence.
From whom do they learn this?

(d) Why does not everyone agree with it?

(a) What do we learn from the husband of the Shunamis, who asked his wife why she was going to visit the Navi, seeing as it was neither Shabbos nor Rosh Chodesh?

(b) The Torah writes in Shemini "u've'Nivlasam Lo Siga'u"? Why can this Pasuk not be understood as it stands?

(c) What then, *does* the Pasuk mean?

(a) Rebbi Kruspedai Amar Rebbi Yochanan teaches us about the three Books open before Hashem on Rosh Hashanah.
What do the three Books comprise?

(b) How does Rebbi Avin learn this from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "ve'Im Ayin, Mecheini Na mi'Sifrecha Asher Kasavta"?

(c) Beis Shamai in a Beraisa, say that there are three groups on the Day of Judgment.
What does he mean by the 'Day of Judgment'?

(d) At that time, that will happen to ...

  1. ... the complete Tzadikim?
  2. ... the complete Resha'im?
  3. ... the Beinonim? What is meant by these three terms?
Answers to questions
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