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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 14

ROSH HASHANAH 12, 13, 14, 15 (3-6 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his upcoming second Yarzeit (7 Av). Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who knew him.


(a) Having stated 'ha'Kol Holech Achar G'mar P'ri' and 'Halachah ke'Rebbi Shimon Shezuri', why did Shmuel need to add 'la'Kol Ein Bilah Chutz ... ', seeing as we know already from the two statements that he holds 'Ein Bilah'?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "be'Ospecha mi'Gornecha u'mi'Yikvecha"? What direct Halachah does this incorporate?

(c) And what does he infer from that Pasuk (by way of an Asmachta), with regard to Ma'aser Yerek (which is only mi'de'Rabbanan)?

(d) What is the criterion, according to Rebbi Akiva?

(a) The Mishnah in Shevi'is states that if small onions and haricot beans of the sixth year were *not* watered for thirty days before Rosh Hashanah, they go after the previous year regarding Ma'asros, and are permitted in the Sh'mitah.
What will be the Din in both regards if they *were* watered within thirty days of the Shmitah?

(b) Why must the author of this Mishnah be Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, and not Rebbi Akiva?

(a) Why did Chazal fix Sh'vat as the New Year for trees?

(b) What is strange about the words 've'Adayin Rov Tekufah mi'ba'Chutz' added by Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya to his statement?

(c) How do we amend and interpret this phrase?

(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa says that Rebbi Akiva gave *two* Ma'asros from the Esrog that he picked.
When did he pick it?

(b) What were the two Ma'asros that he gave?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah, Rebbi Akiva's two Ma'asros were based, not on Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel, but on Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Eliezer. According to Raban Gamliel, when it comes to Esrogim, we go after the picking as regards the Ma'asros.
In which three regards do we go after the budding?

(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(c) Why, according to Raban Gamliel, is an Esrog-tree different than any other tree?

(a) Why does the Reisha of the Beraisa say 'Le'olam Halachah ke'Beis Hillel', and the Seifa 've'ha'Rotzeh La'asos ke'Beis Shamai Oseh ... '?
Is this not a contradiction?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'ha'Kesil ba'Choshech Holech"?

(c) Before the Bas Kol, was it permitted to rule in two different issues, once like Beis Shamai and once like Beis Hillel?

(d) The classical case of the point under discussion, is the Shiur of a spinal cord of an animal, which Beis Shamai consider incomplete only when *two* vertebra are missing; according to Beis Hillel, it is *one*.
In which area of Halachah is Beis Hillel's opinion more stringent, and in which case is it more lenient?

(a) Bearing in mind the above Pasuk "ve'ha'Kesil ba'Choshech Holech", how do we account for Rebbi Akiva giving two Ma'asros, one like Beis Shamai and one like Beis Hillel?

(b) Why do we not answer simply that Rebbi Akiva was not sure whether the Halachah was like Beis Shamai or like Beis Hillel (see Tosfos DH 'ha'Kesil')?

(a) According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah, Rebbi Akiva's two Ma'asros were based, not on Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel, but on Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Eliezer.
What is the problem with this, considering that Rebbi Akiva gave one Ma'aser before the *first* of Sh'vat, and one, after?

(b) Rebbi Chanina (or Rebbi Chananya) answers that in fact, the fruits of that tree had budded before the *previous* Tu bi'Sh'vat.
Is it common for fruit to remain on the tree for so long?

(c) If the deciding date for an Esrog is the *fifteenth* of Sh'vat like Beis Hillel, then why does the Tana need to state that Rebbi Akiva picked the Esrog on the *first*?

(d) How does Ravina answer the original Kashya and eliminate this Kashya simultaneously?

(a) Rabah bar Rav Huna states that, seeing as Raban Gamliel goes after the picking by an Esrog (like a vegetable), the New Year for an Esrog tree is Rosh Hashanah.
What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar say in a Beraisa, concerning someone who picked two Esrogim on the eve of Tu bi'Sh'vat that proves Rabah bar Rav Huna wrong?

(b) How do we know that the author of this Beraisa holds like Raban Gamliel?

(c) Which two consecutive years does the Tana then discuss?

(d) How do we amend Rabah bar Rav Huna's words to conform with the Beraisa?

Answers to questions
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