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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 13

ROSH HASHANAH 12, 13, 14, 15 (3-6 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his upcoming second Yarzeit (7 Av). Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who knew him.


(a) What did Rebbi Zeira say to Rebbi Yirmiyah when he asked in surprise how the Rabbanan knew to determine so accurately that what is cut on Sukos must have grown to one third of the produce's growth?

(b) If a Kurtuv is missing from the forty Sa'ah that a Mikvah requires, it is Pasul.
How much is a Kurtuv?

(c) What is the minimum Shiur of ...

  1. ... food that is subject to Tum'as Ochlin?
  2. ... a seat that is subject to Tum'as Medras?
(a) How long after crossing the Yarden did Yisrael first eat from the produce of Eretz Yisrael?

(b) What was the problem with bringing the Omer that year? How do we know for certain that they brought the Omer at all that year?

(c) To what extent must the produce not have grown in the Reshus of Nochrim in order to be Kosher for the Omer?

(d) What does Rebbi Yirmiyah prove from here that forced him to retract from his initial Kashya?

(a) How do we repudiate Rebbi Yirmiyah's proof, on the grounds that the produce may well not have grown at all before Yisrael entered the land?

(b) But surely it would be impossible for produce to grow from scratch to its full proportions in five days?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Daniel "Eretz Tzvi"?

4) We based this entire explanation on the fact that "ve'Chag ha'*Asif*" must mean 'harvest'.
How does Rebbi Chanina put a spoke in the wheel by quoting the Pasuk in Re'ei "be'Ospecha mi'Gornecha u'mi'Yikvecha? What does Mar in Sukah learn from this Pasuk?


(a) We finally learns that regarding Shemitah, we go after grain that is one third grown from the Tana, who quotes the Pasuk in Behar "ve'Asas es ha'Tevu'ah li'Shelosh Shanim".
How does he learn that from there?

(b) But do we not need that Pasuk for its simple interpretation (i.e. to inform us that, in the sixth year, enough will grow to last for three years - assuming that we observe the Sh'mitah properly)?

Answers to questions



(a) What determines the year of rice, millet and poppy-seeds?

(b) What is the fourth thing listed by the Mishnah in Shevi'is?

(c) What do all four have in common?

(d) We have already learned that the year of trees is determined by their budding, that of vegetables, by the picking, and that of grain and olives, when they are one third grown.
What reason does Rabah give for the Chachamim having fixed the year of legumes by the time that they take root? What does 'P'rachin P'rachin' mean?

(a) According to Rebbi Yossi ben Kipar quoting Rebbi Shimon Shezuri, what determines the year of Egyptian (haricot) beans that one planted ...
  1. ... to eat the seeds?
  2. ... to eat the beans?
(b) What does he suggest that one does with the latter if some of them took root *before* Rosh Hashanah, and some *after*?

(c) What is Rebbi Shimon Shezuri's reasoning?

(d) Then why does the Mishnah in Shevi'is rule that we go after the time that they take root? Why can we not rely on mixing them, like Rebbi Shimon Shezuri says?

(a) What is the Sevara of the Rabbanan, who say 'Ein Bilah'?

(b) Shmuel rules 'Ein Bilah, except for ... '?

(c) How do we reconcile this with Shmuel's other ruling 'Halachah ke'Rebbi Shimon Shezuri'?

(d) Having ruled ...

  1. ... 'Halachah ke'Rebbi Shimon Shezuri, why did Shmuel then need to issue the ruling 'la'Kol Ein Bilah Chutz ... '?
  2. ... 'la'Kol Ein Bilah Chutz ... ', why did he need to rule like Rebbi Shezuri?
  3. ... the above two rulings, why did he need to rule 'ha'Kol Holech Achar G'mar P'ri'?
  4. ... 'ha'Kol Holech Achar G'mar P'ri', why did he need to rule like Rebbi Shimon Sh'zuri?
Answers to questions
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