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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 12

ROSH HASHANAH 12, 13, 14, 15 (3-6 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his upcoming second Yarzeit (7 Av). Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who knew him.


(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua, the Torah writes that the Flood began in the second month, because it began in Iyar (which is the second month to Nisan).
How will Rebbi Eliezer explain the reference to the second month?

(b) Where does the Torah refer to Tishri as the first month (le'Din)?

(c) Rav Chisda teaches us that the generation of the Flood sinned with 'Roschin' (with hot semen).
What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "*va'Yashoku*" ha'Mayim" (by No'ach), and "va'Chamas ha'Melech *Shachachah*" (Megilas Esther)?

(a) We have learned in a Beraisa that the Chachmei Yisrael reckon the Flood (i.e. the years of the world) from Tishri (like Rebbi Eliezer), and the seasons, from Nisan (like Rebbi Yehoshua).
How do we explain this apparent discrepancy? When do we presume the world to have been created?

(b) What do the Chachmei Umos ha'Olam say?

(a) The Tosefta lists vegetables, Ma'asros and Nedarim among the things for which Tishri is Rosh Hashanah.
What does he mean by 'vegetables'?

(b) Why is 'vegetables' not included in 'Ma'asros'?

(c) But why does the Tana put 'vegetables' *first* (surely he ought to have given Ma'asros precedence, since they are d'Oraysa)?

(d) Why does the Tana of our Mishnah not include 'Ma'asros' in his list?

4) Why does the Tana of the Tosefta refer to ...
  1. ... 'Ma'asros' and not just 'Ma'aser'?
  2. ... 'Yerakos' and not just 'Yerek'?
Answers to questions



(a) In any of the six years of the Sh'mitah cycle, what must one take care to do, with vegetables that were picked around Rosh Hashanah time?

(b) In which regard must one take additional care to note the current year of the cycle?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo ...
  1. ... "Ki Sechaleh le'Aser Tevu'ascha ba'Shanah ha'Shelishis *Sh'nas ha'Ma'aser*"?
  2. ... which refers to Ma'aser as an inheritance?
(b) If not for this Hekesh, we would have interpreted the previous Pasuk to mean that one gives only Ma'aser Ani in the third and the sixth years.
Why specifically Ma'aser *Ani*?

(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah (in another Beraisa) learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "u'Va ha'Levi"?

(a) When is the difference between whether a person makes a Neder denying himself benefit from his friend for 'a year' and 'this year'?

(b) What is the minimum duration of the latter Neder?

(c) Why will even Rebbi Elazar (who, we learned earlier, holds that less than thirty days is not called a year) agree with this?

(d) Why is Tishri the New Year for Nedarim, rather than Nisan?

(a) The Mishnah in Ma'asros states that the year for fenugreek is from the time it grows (rather than from the time it is picked, like other vegetables).
What does the Tana mean by 'from the time it grows'?

(b) What determines the year of grain and olives?

(a) What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Yossi Hagelili learn from the fact that the Torah in Vayeilech refers to the Sukos following the Sh'mitah, as the Sh'mitah year?

(b) Why did we not bother to inquire about the source for vegetables going after the time they are picked and trees after the time the fruit buds?

(c) What does the Gemara mean to ask when it suggests that perhaps the Pasuk is speaking even when the produce and the olives have not yet begun to grow?

(d) We answer this Kashya by referring to the Pasuk "ve'Chag ha'Asif be'Tzeis ha'Shanah".
How does this answer the Kashya? How do we know that the Torah is not simply telling us that Sukos coincides with the ingathering of the crops?

Answers to questions
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