REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 9
ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey
(a) We just learned that, according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yishmael Be'no
shel Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah, the Yovel is not the first year of the
Whose opinion are they coming to preclude?
(b) What does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk "be'Charish u'va'Katzir
Tishbos" (which, in his opinion, refers to the Sh'mitah year)?
(c) Why, in spite of the fact that the phrase that precedes "be'Charish
u'va'Katzir Tishbos" (i.e. "Sheishes Yamim Ta'avod") refers to Shabbos, does
Rebbi Akiva decline to learn "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos" with regard to
(d) And why does he establish the Pasuk by *Tosefes* Shevi'is? Why not by
the La'av of working in the Sh'mitah?
(a) How does Rebbi Yishmael interpret "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos"?
(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael mean when he says that the harvest of the Omer
is a Mitzvah?
(a) *Rebbi Yishmael* learns the concept of adding from Chol on to Kodesh
from Yom Kipur.
From where does he learn it ...
(b) How does he know that the Torah is not telling us to *fast* on the
- ... when it comes in?
- ... when it goes out?
(c) What does he learn from the continuation of the Pasuk ...
- ... "Tishbesu"?
- ... "Shabatchem"?
(a) What does Rebbi Akiva do with the Pasuk "ve'Inisem es Nafshoseichem
Answers to questions
(b) What do we learn, according to him, from the fact that the Torah refers
to eating and drinking as 'Inuy' (affliction)?
(a) The superfluous words "Yovel Hi" (in Parshas Behar) serve to include
some things and to preclude others. Rebbi Yehudah learns from "Yovel", that
Yovel takes effect even though the people did not cancel their debts and
even though the Beis-Din did not blow the Shofar.
What is the meaning of the word "u'Kerasem *D'ror* ba'Aretz"?
Which is the third thing
which "Hi" teaches us, prevents Yovel from taking effect?
(b) Which of the three prevents Yovel from taking effect, according to
(c) According to Rebbi Yossi, blowing the Shofar carries more weight (in
this regard) than releasing one's servants, because it is possible for there
to be no servants, but not for there to be no Shofros.
What is Rebbi
Yossi's second reason?
(d) Rebbi Yehudah learns from the Pasuk "u'Kerasem D'ror" that sending away
the servants carries more weight than blowing the Shofar.
How does he do
this? Which principle does he apply here?
(a) The Chachamim disagree with Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yossi. They preclude
all of the above-mentioned three things from the word "Hi".
do they apply to do this?
(b) They learn from the word "Yovel" that Yovel (the cancellation of debts -
which has nothing to do with the land) applies even in Chutz la'Aretz.
then, does the Torah write "ba'Aretz"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pesukim "Shalosh Shanim Areilim ...
u'va'Shanah ha'Revi'is"? How do we know that the Torah means Tishri?
(b) Why do we learn the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from "me'Reishis ha'Shanah ... "
and not from "Rishon Hu Lachem le'Chodshei ha'Shanah"?
(a) What is the meaning of ...
(b) According to the Beraisa, how long before the commencement of the
Sh'mitah must one perform either of these (or simply plant a tree) for the
tree to be permitted in the Shmitah year?
- ... 'Mavrich'?
- ... 'Markiv'? (both with regard to the transplanting of trees).
(c) On what grounds is the tree forbidden if one performed any of these
within thirty days of the Sh'mitah?
(d) What other area of Halachah is affected by this thirty-day period?
(a) In the previous case, assuming that one did plant the tree before the
thirty day period, when (on which date) will the fruit leave the realm of
Answers to questions
(b) What is the meaning of the Beraisa's concluding words 've'Im li'Revai,