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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 9

ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey Noam Foundation.


(a) We just learned that, according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yishmael Be'no shel Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah, the Yovel is not the first year of the following cycle.
Whose opinion are they coming to preclude?

(b) What does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos" (which, in his opinion, refers to the Sh'mitah year)?

(c) Why, in spite of the fact that the phrase that precedes "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos" (i.e. "Sheishes Yamim Ta'avod") refers to Shabbos, does Rebbi Akiva decline to learn "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos" with regard to Shabbos?

(d) And why does he establish the Pasuk by *Tosefes* Shevi'is? Why not by the La'av of working in the Sh'mitah?

(a) How does Rebbi Yishmael interpret "be'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos"?

(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael mean when he says that the harvest of the Omer is a Mitzvah?

(a) *Rebbi Yishmael* learns the concept of adding from Chol on to Kodesh from Yom Kipur.
From where does he learn it ...
  1. ... when it comes in?
  2. ... when it goes out?
(b) How does he know that the Torah is not telling us to *fast* on the ninth?

(c) What does he learn from the continuation of the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Tishbesu"?
  2. ... "Shabatchem"?
(a) What does Rebbi Akiva do with the Pasuk "ve'Inisem es Nafshoseichem be'Sish'ah la'Chodesh"?

(b) What do we learn, according to him, from the fact that the Torah refers to eating and drinking as 'Inuy' (affliction)?

Answers to questions



(a) The superfluous words "Yovel Hi" (in Parshas Behar) serve to include some things and to preclude others. Rebbi Yehudah learns from "Yovel", that Yovel takes effect even though the people did not cancel their debts and even though the Beis-Din did not blow the Shofar.
Which is the third thing which "Hi" teaches us, prevents Yovel from taking effect?

(b) Which of the three prevents Yovel from taking effect, according to Rebbi Yossi?

(c) According to Rebbi Yossi, blowing the Shofar carries more weight (in this regard) than releasing one's servants, because it is possible for there to be no servants, but not for there to be no Shofros.
What is Rebbi Yossi's second reason?

(d) Rebbi Yehudah learns from the Pasuk "u'Kerasem D'ror" that sending away the servants carries more weight than blowing the Shofar.
How does he do this? Which principle does he apply here?

6) What is the meaning of the word "u'Kerasem *D'ror* ba'Aretz"?


(a) The Chachamim disagree with Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yossi. They preclude all of the above-mentioned three things from the word "Hi".
What principle do they apply to do this?

(b) They learn from the word "Yovel" that Yovel (the cancellation of debts - which has nothing to do with the land) applies even in Chutz la'Aretz.
Why then, does the Torah write "ba'Aretz"?

(a) What do we learn from the Pesukim "Shalosh Shanim Areilim ... u'va'Shanah ha'Revi'is"? How do we know that the Torah means Tishri?

(b) Why do we learn the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from "me'Reishis ha'Shanah ... " and not from "Rishon Hu Lachem le'Chodshei ha'Shanah"?

(a) What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Mavrich'?
  2. ... 'Markiv'? (both with regard to the transplanting of trees).
(b) According to the Beraisa, how long before the commencement of the Sh'mitah must one perform either of these (or simply plant a tree) for the tree to be permitted in the Shmitah year?

(c) On what grounds is the tree forbidden if one performed any of these within thirty days of the Sh'mitah?

(d) What other area of Halachah is affected by this thirty-day period?

(a) In the previous case, assuming that one did plant the tree before the thirty day period, when (on which date) will the fruit leave the realm of Orlah?

(b) What is the meaning of the Beraisa's concluding words 've'Im li'Revai, li'Revai'?

Answers to questions
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