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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 6

ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey Noam Foundation.


(a) How does the Beraisa split up the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Motzei Sefasecha Tishmor" into two Mitzvos?

(b) And what does the Tana learn from ...

  1. ... "ve'Asisa"?
  2. ... "be'Ficha"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra ...
  1. ... "Yakriv Oso"?
  2. ... "li'Retzono"? How do we reconcile these two seemingly contradictory concepts?
(b) Why do we need Pesukim for an Asei and a Lo Sa'aseh, as well as for issuing Beis-din with the right to enforce, when we already know them from "u'Vasa Shamah ve'Heveisem Shamah" and "Lo Se'achar Leshalmo"and "Yakriv" respectively?

(c) Why do we need a Pasuk for ...

  1. ... someone who has separated his obligation, even though we already have a Pasuk for someone who has promised but not yet separated it?
  2. ... someone who has *not* yet separated his obligation, even though we already have a Pasuk for someone who *has*?
(d) Both Pesukim include a Nedavah.
How is it possible for a Nedavah to have been separated but not yet brought? Is that not a Neder?
(a) The Beraisa includes someone who undertakes to give Tzedakah in the Isur of Bal Te'acher. Rava rules that one transgresses 'Bal Te'acher' immediately.
Why is that?

(b) Why is this not obvious?

(a) After testifying together with Rebbi Yehoshua, that the baby of a Shelamim is brought as a Shelamim, what did Rav Papayas testify concerning a Shelamim and its baby that they had one Pesach?

(b) Why did that cause a problem with Rebbi Meir, in whose opinion one transgresses 'Bal Te'acher' already after *one* Yom-Tov?

(c) Rav Z'vid quoting Rava answers that the Beraisa speaks when the baby was sick on Shavu'os.
How does Rav Ashi answer the Kashya?

(d) On what grounds did Rava not answer like Rav Ashi?

Answers to questions



(a) What Chidush does Rava teach us regarding the La'av of 'Bal Te'acher'?

(b) What does the Beraisa say about a Bechor and Kodshim if a year passed without Regalim or Regalim without a year?

(c) Why might this be a Kashya on Rava?

(d) How will Rava answer this? Why does the Tana not mention Rava's Chidush?

(a) Regalim without a year presents no problem (according to any of the opinions on Daf 4). According to which Tana is it equally easy to find a year without Regalim.

(b) We establish the Beraisa even according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Shimon (who require three Regalim in any order), by establishing it like Rebbi. What does Rebbi say with regard to a leap year by the Din of Batei Arei Chomah, which may not be redeemed after a full year has passed? How does this explain the Beraisa currently under discussion?

(c) What do the Rabbanan of Rebbi say? Why will the problem remain according to them?

(a) Rav Sh'mayah (quoting a Beraisas) maintains that Shavu'os falls, sometimes on the fifth of Sivan, sometimes on the sixth and sometimes on the seventh - what will determine the date on which Shavu'os falls?

(b) How do we find a case of a year without Regalim according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi (in conjunction with Rav Sh'mayah's Beraisa)?

(a) Acheirim disagree with Rav Sh'mayah's Tana.
What does Acheirim say regarding an ordinary year?

(b) What is his reasoning behind this?

(c) How many days are there in a year according to Acheirim, and how many weeks?

(d) Why are there always five days between one year and the next in a leap- year?

(a) What might Rebbi Zeira learn from ...
  1. ... "Ki Sidor Neder"?
  2. ... "u'Vasa Shamah ve'Haveisem Shamah"?
(b) We resolve this She'eilah from a Beraisa "me'Imach", 'Prat le'Yoresh'. But did the Beraisa (on Daf 5b.) not need "me'Imach" to incorporate Leket, Shikchah and Pei'ah in the Din of Bal Te'acher?
(a) Rebbi Zeira also asked whether a woman is included in Bal Te'acher. She may *not* be included because she is Patur from the Mitzvah of Re'iyah.
Why, on the other hand, might she *be included*?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Kol Zechurcha" (Parshas Re'ei)?
  2. ... "ve'Samachta be'Chagecha" (ibid)?
(c) Abaye was surprised at Rebbi Zeira's She'eilah.

(d) What will Abaye himself hold with regard to Rebbi Zeira's She'eilah?

(a) According to Abaye, the year in which a Bechor must be brought begins from the moment it is born.
What does Rav Acha Bar Ya'akov say?

(b) In fact, they do not argue.
How is this possible?

(c) Even if the Bechor is born blemished, how is it possible to eat it on the day that it is born? Until it has lived for seven days, how do we know that it is not a Nefel?

Answers to questions
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