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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 5

ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey Noam Foundation.


(a) From where do we know that Pesach requires Linah?

(b) What exactly, does the Mitzvah of 'Linah' on Pesach comprise?

(a) We ask from where the Tana Kama and Rebbi Shimon (who learn 'Bal Te'achar' from "be'Chag ha'Matzos, u've'Chag ha'Shavu'os u've'Chag ha'Sukos") will learn Tashlumin by Shavu'os.
Why do we not ask the same question on Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, who learns 'Bal Te'achar' from "u've'Chag ha'Sukos"?

(b) The Tana Kama and Rebbi Shimon in fact, learn Tashlumin from Rosh Chodesh.
How do they do this?

(c) How do we know to reckon one *week* in which to bring the Korbanos of Shavu'os, on account of the seven *weeks* of the Omer, and not just the one *day*, on account of the forty-nine *days*?

(a) What problem do we have with the fact that the Tana lists Pesach among the Korbanos that are included in Bal Te'acher?

(b) Rav Chisda answers that the Tana includes Pesach only by the way, but not because it belongs there.
How does Rav Sheshes interpret 'Pesach' to answer the Kashya?

(c) If Pesach means 'Shalmei Pesach', why does the Tana find it necessary to mention them specifically, considering he has already included Shelamim in the list?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa learns Bal Te'acher in all the cases mentioned in the Beraisa on 4a. from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei (which is the source for Bal Te'acher. Although the Torah only writes "Neder", we nevertheless include Nedavah from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Neder" "Neder" from the Dinim of Korbanos in Tzav.
What is the factual difference between Neder and Nedavah?

(b) What is the Halachic difference between them?

(c) From "la'Hashem Elokecha" we learn Damim, Erchin, Charamim and Hekdeshos.
What do all of these have in common?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Lo Se'acher Le'shal*mo*"?

(a) From "Darosh Yidreshenu" we learn four Korbanos, which include Chata'os and Ashamos.
What are the other two?

(b) Why do we need to learn Olos and Shelamim, seeing as we have already learned Nedarim and Nedavos earlier?

(c) What do we include in the La'av of 'Bal Te'acher' from "Hashem Elokecha" besides Tzedakos?

(d) What three things do we include in 'Bal Te'acher' from "me'Imach"? How are pecifically these three implied?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'Hayah *Becha Chet*"?

(b) When the Tana says "Hu" 've'Lo Chilufav', why can he not be referring to ...

  1. ... Chilufei Olah or Shelamim?
  2. ... Chilufei Chatas?
(c) We then suggest that maybe he is referring to Chilufei Todah.
What is the difference between a Todah and its Chalipin?

(d) What would one do in the case of Chalipei Todah, if both animals were still alive?

(a) Why can "Hu" 've'Lo Chalipav' not refer to the previous case, but when one of the animals died?

(b) Rav Sheshes finally establishes "Hu" 've'Lo Chalipav' by a Chalipei Olah or Shelamim.
How does he dispense with the Kashya 'Peshita?' that we originally asked?

(c) How will he then establish the case according to Rebbi Meir, in whose opinion one transgresses Bal Te'acher already after *one* Yom-Tov?

(a) The Torah writes in connection with Bechor Beheimah "Shanah be'Shanah". Why would we have thought that the Bechor even becomes *Pasul* after the first year has expired?

(b) We learn from the fact that the Torah compares it to Ma'aser (Dagan) which does *not* become Pasul.
From where do we know that (in spite of the Pasuk "Shanah Shanah") Ma'aser Dagan does not become Pasul after its first year?

(c) What does Acheirim (in a Beraisa) learn from the Torah's Hekesh of Bechor to Ma'aser (in the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Achalta Lifnei Hashem Elokecha ... ")?

(d) Why do we now need the Derashah of "ve'Hayah Becha Chet" 've'Lo be'Korbancha Chet', to teach us that a Korban does not become Pasul on account of 'Bal Te'acher'? Why can we not learn this from Bechor?

(a) What does Ben Azai learn from the Pasuk in Tzav (regarding the P'sul of Pigul) "ha'Makriv *Oso* Lo Yechashev"?

(b) So we amend the Beraisa to read "Be'cha Chet" 've'Lo be'Ishtecha Chet'. On what basis would we have otherwise thought that a man's wife would die because *he* trangressed 'Bal Te'achar'?

Answers to questions
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