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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Rosh Hashanah 3

ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey Noam Foundation.


(a) Resh Lakish gives the four possible meanings of the word "Ki".
What are they?

(b) According to that, how will we translate ...

  1. ... "Ki Yikarei Kan Tzipor Lefanecha"?
  2. ... "Im Kesef Talveh"?
  3. ... "ve'Chi Somru, Mah Nochal ba'Shanah ha'Shevi'is"?
(c) How do we explain the Pasuk in Chukas "va'Yir'u Kol ha'Eidah Ki Gava Aharon"?
(a) We just Derived that Sichon was alive when Aharon died, from the Pasuk "Vayishma ha'Cana'ani ... ".
What is the connection between the Cana'ani and Sichon?

(b) What was his third name?

(c) The king's name was Arad, and his kingdom, Cana'an.
Why is he referred to as 'Sichon'?

(d) According to others, his name was Sichon, and his kingdom, Cana'an. Then why is he referred to as 'Arad'?

(a) How do we know that the Rosh Hashanah for kings is Nisan and not ...
  1. ... Iyar?
  2. ... Sivan?
(b) From all the Pesukim brought to date, we have no proof that the Rosh Hashanah for kings is not Tamuz, Av or Adar.
How do we get round this problem (too) from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "va'Yechal Livnos ba'Chodesh ha'Sheini, *ba'Sheini*, bi'Sh'nas Arba le'Malchuso"?

(c) How do we know, asks Ravina, that "ba'Sheini" does not mean the second of the month?
How do we answer this Kashya"?

(d) What else do we suggest that "ba'Sheini" might mean?

(a) "ba'Sheini cannot mean 'Monday', because we never find the day of the week mentioned in the Pasuk.
On what other grounds do we reject this contention?

(b) How do we prove Rebbi Yochanan (who sparked off the entire Sugya by bringing the Pasuk from Melachim as the source for Nisan being the Rash Hashanah for kings) right?

(a) What does Rav Chisda learn from the fact that the Pasuk in Nechemyah (regarding King Artachshasta) refers to first Kislev and then Nisan as the twentieth year?

(b) How do we know that the first of the two Pesukim, which does not name the king, also refers to King Artachshasta?

Answers to questions



(a) What do we learn from the fact that whatever Chanani told Nechemyah in Kislev, he passed on to the king in Nisan?

(b) What sort of information did Chanani have for Nechemyah in the Pasuk currently under discussion?

(c) The news that Nechemyah received from Chanani was reflected on his face when he spoke to the King in Nisan.
How did the King react to his contortions?

(d) What was Nechemyah's position in the royal court?

(a) After Nechemyah explained to the King why his face was contorted, how did the King react?

(b) What was his response to the King's reaction?

(c) How did the dialogue end?

(a) How do we then explain the fact that, with regard to Koresh, King of Persia, the Pasuk in Chagai refers to first the sixth month (Ellul) and then the seventh (Tishri) as being in the second year of his reign?

(b) What happened exactly one year after the completion of the second Beis Hamikdash in Adar of the *sixth* year of Daryavesh's reign?

(c) What is then the problem with the Pasuk in Ezra, which describes how he arrived in Yerushalayim in the fifth month of the *seventh* year of the King?

(d) How do we resolve the apparent confusing of Koresh and Artachshasta? What was his real name?

9) And how do we reconcile the fact that earlier, we reckoned the years of Koresh from Nissan, because he was a righteous king, and now we find that the Pasuk considers Adar and Av to be in the same year?

Answers to questions
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