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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Introduction to Rosh Hashanah

Rosh Hashanah 2

ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey Noam Foundation.

Note: These review questions and answers are confined to Rashi's explanation (exclusively), except where otherwise indicated. For the same reason, they are not necessarily Halachah le'Ma'aseh.

(a) For which two things is the first of Nisan Rosh Hashanah?

(b) Why did Chazal institute the insertion of the year of the king's reign in documents?

(c) According to the Tana Kama - the first of Elul is Rosh Hashanah for Ma'aser Beheimah.
From where do we learn that one cannot Ma'aser the animals born in one year, together with those that are born in the next?

(d) What do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon hold?

(a) What does the Tana mean when he says that the first of Tishri is Rosh Hashanah for ...
  1. ... Shemitin and Yovlos?
  2. ... planting?
  3. ... vegetables?
(b) Beis Shamai gives the date for the Rosh Hashanah for trees as the first of Shevat.
What do Beis Hillel say?

(c) What are the ramifications of this Halachah?

(a) The Mishnah in Shevi'is says 'Sh'tarei Chov ha'Mukdamin, Pesulin; ve'ha'Me'ucharin, Kesheirin'.
What are ...
  1. ... 'Sh'tarei Chov ha'Mukdamin'?
  2. ... 'Sh'tarei Chov ha'Me'ucharin'?
(b) Why are pre-dated documents, Pasul?

(c) To what extent is the document invalid? Does this mean that the document is totally ineffective? May he claim from Meshubadim from the date when the loan actually took place?

(d) In view of this Mishnah, what did Chazal achieve by fixing the Rosh Hashanah for kings as the first of Nisan?

(a) What Chidush (besides that the first of Nisan is the Rosh Hashanah for kings) is the Tana of the Beraisa telling us, when he says that if a king was crowned on the twenty-ninth of Adar, his second year begins on the first of Nisan?

(b) And what Chidush is he telling us when he then says that if he was crowned on the first of Nisan, his second year only begins on the following Nisan?

Answers to questions



(a) In another Beraisa, we learn that if the king died in *Adar* and his successor was appointed in his place in *Adar*, that year counts as both the last year of the first king and the first year of the second one.
Does this mean that one needs to insert both kings into the document?

(b) Then what is the Chidush there?

(c) And what is the Tana teaching us when he says ...

1. ... that the same will apply if the first king died in *Nisan*, and they appointed his successor in *Nisan*?
2. ... that if the first king died in *Adar* and they appointed his successor only in *Nisan*, then they reckon the first year after the *first* king and the second year after the *second*?
(a) The Navi writes in Melachim "Vayehi bi'Shemonim ve'Arba Me'os Shanah ... ba'Shanah ha'Revi'is be'Chodesh Ziv, Hu ha'Chodesh ha'Sheini la'Melech Shlomoh ... ".
Which month is meant by "Chodesh Ziv"?

(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from ...

1. ... the Hekesh of the latter part of the Pasuk to the first half?
2. ... the fact that the Torah dates Aharon's death as having taken place in the *fifth* month of the fortieth year, and Moshe's parting speech, in the *eleventh*?
(c) How do we know that the Pasuk dealing with Moshe's parting speech is referring to the fortieth year after *they left Egypt*? Perhaps it is referring to the fortieth year after the *construction of the Mishkan* (which took place one year later)?

(d) How do we know that the Pasuk dealing with Aharon's death came *before* the Pasuk dealing with Moshe's final speech, and not *afterwards*?

Answers to questions

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