POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 23
1) THE WOOD USED FOR MAKING THE FIRES
(a) Some say there are four types of cedar wood, others say
ten (as discussed).
(b) Light ships are weighted down, tied to coral, and the
weights removed so that the rising ship drags up the
(c) (R. Yochanan) Hashem will eventually return all the beams
that the non-Jews took from Yerushalayim, as derived from
1. Anyone who learns Torah but does not teach it is
like a myrtle in the desert.
i. (Others) Anyone who learns Torah and teaches it
in a place lacking Torah scholars is like a
beloved myrtle in the desert.
2. Woe to the non-Jews who have no rectification - who
can replace the slaughtered R. Akiva and the others?
2) THE RELAY STATIONS FOR THE FIRES
(a) The last station, Beis Baltin, was Biram; the region of
the Diaspora that could see it was Pumbedisa.
3) MISHNAH: ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE WITNESSES
(b) It looked like a bonfire because everyone was waving
torches from the roofs.
(c) (R. Shimon b. Elazar) There were also other message relay
1. Some say these were between the ones listed earlier.
(d) (R. Yochanan) There were 8 parsa'os between each station,
2. Other say they extended further towards Bavel.
1. Question: Surely we see nowadays that it is a
2. Answer: The short paths have become blocked, as we
see in Pesukim.
(a) (On Shabbos) The witnesses would go to a courtyard called
Beis Ya'azek to be cross-examined by Beis Din.
4) THE ETYMOLOGY OF BEIS YA'AZEK
(b) They were served big feasts to encourage them to come.
(c) Originally, they couldn't leave there all day (as they
were beyond their Techum Shabbos).
(d) R. Gamliel decreed that they could travel for 2000 Amos
in each direction.
(e) This was also applied to a midwife, and people escaping
fire, invading soldiers, flooding, and collapsed
(a) Question: Was it called Beis Ya'azek (which simply means
encircled by a wall) or Beis Yazek (which has the
unpleasant meaning of being chained down)?
5) MISHNAH: CROSS-EXAMINING THE WITNESSES
(b) Answer: We see that there were big feasts served there,
so it wasn't an unpleasant experience!
(c) Refutation: Being well fed is not a contradiction to
being unpleasantly chained down.
(a) The first group of witnesses to arrive would be examined
6) THE MOON FACING THE SUN
(b) They would call in the older one and ask him:
1. Was the moon travelling in front of the sun or
(c) Then they would call in the second witness and examine
2. Was it north of the sun or south of it?
3. How high up was it?
4. Which way was it facing?
5. How wide was it?
6. If he said that it was in front of the sun, his
testimony is worthless.
(d) If the testimonies matched, they would ask basic
questions to all the other witnesses.
1. This was so as not to discourage them from coming in
(a) Question: Aren't the questions about the moon being in
front of the sun and north of the sun identical?
(b) Answer: The first question is whether the concave side
was facing the sun.
1. If he says that it was, his testimony is worthless.
i. R. Yochanan derives from a Pasuk that the sun
never faces the concave side of the moon (which
would embarrass it) or of a rainbow (which
would lead people to think that the sun is
shooting arrows at those who deny its power).