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Rosh Hashanah 32

ROSH HASHANAH 31-35 (Siyum!) - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 1] KAV'EI RABEI BI'SHEMEI - his Rebbi established the Takanah in his name


(1) [line 2] AVOS - Magen Avraham
(2) [line 2] GEVUROS - Atah Gibor
(3) [line 2] KEDUSHAS HA'SHEM - Atah Kadosh v'Shimcha Kadosh... ha'Melech ha'Kadosh
(4a) [line 3] MALCHUYOS - the blessing which contains Pesukim that refer to HaSh-m as the King in the Musaf Shemoneh Esreh on Rosh Hashanah
(4b) KEDUSHAS HA'YOM - the blessing which talks about the sanctity of the day. We include this Berachah as part of the Berachah of Malchuyos.
(5) ZICHRONOS - the blessing which contains Pesukin that affirm that Hashem remembers all actions, in which we relate how, in the past, HaSh-m remembered our deeds and protected us and in which we beseech HaSh-m to remember us and for a good year
(6) SHOFAROS - the blessing which contains Pesukim that mention the sounding of the Shofar, in which we beseech HaSh-m to listen to our blowing of the Shofar
(7) AVODAH - the blessing of Retzeh, which is a prayer for the return of the Avodah in the Beis ha'Mikdash
(8) HODA'AH - Modim, in which we give thanks to the Creator
(9) BIRKAS KOHANIM - Sim Shalom, at the beginning of which the Kohanim bless the people
3) [line 9] RACHMANA AMAR IDKAR - the Torah said to mention it
4) [line 10] ISHTENI - since it has been made different (from Zichronos and Shofaros, since you say not to blow the Shofar in this blessing), you should say that it has also been made different to say only nine Pesukim

5) [line 11] BENEI ELIM - sons of the powerful (the Patriarchs who were powerful in their faith); alt. sons of rams (the Patriarchs allowed themeselves to be slaughtered like animals for HaSh-m's sake, particularly Yitzchak who was prepared to allow himself to be sacrificed by Avraham (MIDRASH SHOCHER TOV); according to the Midrash (Bereishis Rabah 56:10) this could be read as Ilmim (mute), because the Patriarchs remained silent and uncomplaining when they were tested by Hashem

6) [line 13] HADRAS KODESH - splendor of holiness
7a) [line 29] MALCHUYOS IM KEDUSHAS HA'SHEM AMAR LEHU - one recites the Peuskim of Malchuyos as part of the third blessing of the sanctity of the day
*b*) [line 38] HALELUHU B'SEKA SHOFAR - "praise Him with the blast of the Shofar" (Tehilim 150:3)
9) [line 38] ASERES HA'DIBROS - the Ten Commandments
10) [line 39] ASARAH MAA'MAROS - the ten commands with which HaSh-m created the world
11) [line 46] SHIV'AH REKI'IM - the seven [levels of] firmanents in the sky, as described in Chagigah 12b


12) [line 2] CHEMAH SHEFUCHAH - poured out anger
13) [line 4] RISCHA - anger
14) [line 5] V'LIFROKINAN - and he should redeem us
15) [line 8] YIRGEZU AMIM - nations will tremble
16) [line 10] V'HALACH B'SA'AROS TEIMAN - and He will will go in storms to (i.e. He will storm) the south [of Eretz Yisrael - according to some opinions this refers to the ancient Greeks and according to others it refers to the future, to the remnant of the Roman Empire]

17) [line 12] "ZACHRENI HASH-M BI'RTZON AMECHA [PAKDENI B'YSHU'ASECHA]" - "Remember me, HaSh-m, when You show Your nation favor; [recall me with Your salvation]" (Tehilim 106:4)

18) [line 12] PIKDONOS HEREI HEN K'ZICHRONOS - Pesukim in which remembrances are stated with a language of "Pikadon" (remembrance implying special Divine Providence), which count as Pesukim for Zichronos

19) [line 17] IZUZ V'GIBOR - the mighty and strong
20) [line 20] RISHONAH - the first two Pesukim of Se'u She'arim Rosheichem contains two recitals of Malchuyos

21) [line 32] VESIKIN - "[like] the diligent;" (a) humble people who cherish the Mitzvos (RASHI Berachos 9b) and who try to do the Mitzvos as soon as possible (RASHI Berachos 26a); (b) outstanding scholars noted for deep analysis and sharp reasoning (TALMIDEI RABEINU YONAH Daf 5a from the pages of the Rif)

22) [line 37] HA'SHENI MASKI'A - the second Chazan tells the one who blows the Shofar to blow

23) [line 44] SHEVUS
Shevus refers to actions that the Rabanan prohibited on Shabbos. The Torah states "uva'Yom ha'Shevi'i Tishbos" ("and you shall rest on the seventh day") (Shemos 23:12). The Rabanan learn that this applies even to things that are not Melachos, and as a result they prohibited actions that were permitted mid'Oraisa (see Shabbos 114b).

24) [line 46] MIS'ASKIN BAHEN - we busy ourselves with them
25) [line 46] HA'MIS'ASEK - one who blows accidentally, without intention

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