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Rosh Hashanah 16

ROSH HASHANAH 16 (7 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his second Yarzeit. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who knew him.

1) [line 3] KI'VNEI MARON - the Gemara 18a gives three interpretations of these words:
(a) like young sheep that go out single file from a gate when they are counted; (b) like people who climb the ascent of Beis Maron, which was a narrow path up a very steep slope, on which people could only walk single file; (c) like soldiers that are going out to war who are counted one by one

2) [line 4] "[MI'MECHON SHIVTO HISHGI'ACH, EL KOL YOSHEVEI HA'ARETZ.] HA'YOTZER YACHAD LIBAM; HA'MEVIN EL KOL MA'ASEIHEM." - "[From his lodging He oversees all inhabitants of the earth.] He Who fashions their hearts together, [the One] Who comprehends all their deeds." (Tehilim 33:14-15) - The Gemara (18a -- see Rashi there) explains that verse 15 is a continuation of verse 14, interpreting it as follows: "The Designer (ha'Yotzer) [observes, scrutinizes] all hearts together instantly and comprehends all of their deeds."

3) [line 7] HARPATKEI D'ADU ALAH - the events (lit. perils, episodes) that befell it
4) [line 7] EIMAS ISDUN? - when were [the stalks of grain judged such that] they (those events) [were] decreed?

5) [line 8] D'MIZDAR'A - that will be planted (in the fall following Pesach)
*6*) [line 8] L'MEIMRA D'CHAD DINA MISDENA - (the Gemara here is questioning its earlier statement. First, the Gemara had asked that grain harvested after the Omer could not have been judged on the current Pesach, since it must have been judged in the previous Pesach. Now, the Gemara questions that assertion. It is possible that the standing grain is judged on the current Pesach even though it was already judged on the previous Pesach. It may be judged twice! This remains the Gemara's conclusion.)

7) [line 8] MISDENA - it is judged
8) [line 14] ZAR'A AFEILA - grains that are late in developing, such as wheat and spelt (Shemos 9:32), that are planted in the fall and do not ripen until the early summer
b) [line 15] CHARFA - grains that develop quickly, such as barley (Shemos 9:31), that is planted in the winter and ripens in the spring

9) [line 15] D'AD D'MATI L'MIDYANEI - such that before the time for [the second] judgement arrives

10) [line 15] KADIM SALIK - it has already sprouted
11) [line 23, 25] "[MAH ENOSH KI SEGADELENU, V'CHI SASHIS ELAV LIBECHA;] VA'TIFKEDENU LI'VKARIM, LI'RGA'IM TIVCHANENU." - "[What is man, that You exalt him, that You turn Your attention to him;] that You inspect him every morning, and observe him every moment." (Iyov 7:17-18)

13) [line 34] IYUNEI B'ALMA HU - it is merely a casual inspection
14) [line 38] L'MEISAV MALKA AVRA'I - for the king (Benei Yisrael) to sit and wait outside

15) [line 39] MEKAMEI D'LEIFUSH CAHRON AF - before the wrath [of the judge] will become great (after judging the "Tzibur," Umos ha'Olam)

16) [line 39] A'KETZIREI V'A'MERI'EI - for sick people and for weak Talmidei Chachamim

17) [line 42] OMER
(a) There is a Mitzvah to bring the Korban ha'Omer on the second day of Pesach. A large quantity of barley is reaped after nightfall after the first day of Pesach. At this time the grain is still moist, and the process of extracting one Omer (approximately 2.5 or 4.3 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) of barley flour is extremely difficult. The flour is baked and offered as a Korban Minchah on the 16th of Nisan. It is also referred to as the Minchas Bikurim -- Vayikra 2:14-16).
(b) In addition, a lamb is offered as an Olah, as it states in Vayikra 23:12.
(c) The Korban ha'Omer is the first offering of the new grain of the year, and as such it removes the prohibition against eating from the new grain.


18) [line 1] L'ARBEV HA'SATAN - to confuse, perplex the Satan
19) [line 6] ME'RESHIS KESIV - it is written "Reshish" without an "Alef" which means "from the poverty of"

20) [line 11] KIR NATUY - a wall about to collapse or any similar dangerous situation
21) [line 11] IYUN TEFILAH - examining or delving into one's prayers with the expectation that they must be fulfilled

22) [line 11] MOSER DIN AL CHAVEIRO - when a person claims that another person is worthy of punishment by HaSh-m

23) [line 19] "VA'YITZ'AKU EL HASH-M BA'TZAR LAHEM; UMI'METZUKOSEIHEM YOTZI'EM" - "They cried out to HaSh-m in their distress, and He took them out of their straits." (Tehilim 107:28)

24) [line 45] "V'RABIM MI'YESHENEI AFAR YAKITZU; ELEH L'CHAYEI OLAM, V'ELEH LA'CHARAFOS, L'DIR'ON OLAM" - "Many of those who sleep in the dusty earth will awaken; these for everlasting life, and these for shame, for everlasting contempt and degradation." (Daniel 12:2)

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