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Rosh Hashanah 13

ROSH HASHANAH 12, 13, 14, 15 (3-6 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his upcoming second Yarzeit (7 Av). Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who knew him.

1) [line 9] LO SAPIK NAFSHACH L'VAR ME'HILCHESA - do not let yourself go beyond the established Halachah; i.e. do not question the established words of the Chachamim

2) [line 12] KORTOV (a measure that contains one eighth of an eighth of a log)

  • 1 Log = 64 Kortov
  • 4 Log = 1 Kav
  • 6 Kav = 1 Se'ah = 1536 Kortov
1 Se'ah = 8.29 liters or 14.4 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions, therefore 1 Kortov = 5.4 ml 9.4 ml)

3) [line 13] TUM'AS OCHLIN
(a) All foods become Tamei if they touch a source of Tum'ah, but only after they first become wet. From then on, even after they dry, they can still become Tamei.
(b) Seven liquids can enable foods to become Tamei: water, dew, oil, wine, milk, blood, and honey.
(c) The minimum amount of food that can become Tamei is a k'Beitzah.

4) [line 14] SHUMSHUM - the size of a sesame seed

5) [line 15] MIDRAS
(a) A Zav who emits Zov two or three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah.
(b) He can cause objects that are under him to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether he touches them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav (or the *Tachton*, of a Zav.) An object may become a Midras if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon.
(c) A cloth must be at least three Tefachim square in order to become a Midras. A cloth that is smaller than this is Tahor due to its insignificance. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.
(d) A person who touches or carries a Midras is Tamei and is Metamei the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching. He and the items he touches get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.
(e) Utensils or clothes that lie above the Zav also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether he touches them or not. These are called the *Elyon* of a Zav.

6) [line 16] NIMA ACHAS - one thread
7) [line 17] LAV MILSA HI D'AMRI - [the question] that I asked was not correct

8) [line 18] OMER
(a) There is a Mitzvah to bring the Korban ha'Omer on the second day of Pesach. A large quantity of barley is reaped after nightfall after the first day of Pesach. At this time the grain is still moist, and the process of extracting one Omer (approximately 2.5 or 4.3 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) of barley flour is extremely difficult. The flour is baked and offered as a Korban Minchah on the 16th of Nisan. It is also referred to as the Minchas Bikurim -- Vayikra 2:14-16).
(b) In addition, a lamb is offered as an Olah, as it states in Vayikra 23:12.
(c) The Korban ha'Omer is the first offering of the new grain of the year, and as such it removes the prohibition against eating from the new grain.

9) [line 19] D'AYIL B'YAD NACHRI - it ripened in the possession of a Canaanite
10) [line 22] "VA'YOCHLU ME'AVUR HA'ARETZ MI'MACHARAS HA'PESACH [MATZOS V'KALUY; B'ETZEM HA'YOM HA'ZEH]." - "They ate from the grain of the land on the day after the [offering of the Korban] Pesach, [Matzos and roasted grain; on this very day]." (Yehoshua 5:11)

11) [line 26] V'DILMA AYIL V'LO KIM LEHU - [if the Chachamim cannot tell the difference between a third and less than a third, then] perhaps it ripened [in the possession of a Canaanite] and the Chachamim could not tell

12) [line 28] RIV'A - a fourth
13) [line 28] BEIN SHELISH L'FACHOS MI'SHELISH LO KIM LEHU - the Chachamim cannot tell the difference between a third and less than a third

14) [line 31] B'CHAMISHAH YOMEI MI KA MALYA? - can it ripen in five days?
15) [line 32] DANKA - a sixth
16) [line 36] "[CHAG HA'SUKOS TA'ASEH LECHA SHIV'AS YAMIM;] B'ASPECHA MI'GORNECHA UMI'YIKVECHA" - "[You shall make the holiday of Sukos a seven- day period;] when you gather in from your threshing floor and from your winepress." (Devarim 16:13) - The Gemara learns from this verse that the Sechach should be made with the residue that is leftover from the threshing floor and the winepress, i.e. things that do not receive Tum'ah and that have grown from the ground.

17) [line 37] PESOLES GOREN V'YEKEV - the residue that is leftover from the threshing floor and the winepress

18) [line 39] SHADA BEI NARGA - swung an ax at it (cutting it down), i.e. disproved it


19a) [line 4] OREZ - (a) (O.F. mil) millet (RASHI Berachos 37a); (b) rice (TOSFOS ibid.)
b) [line 5] DOCHAN - (a) (O.F. panil, paniz) panic grass, a type of millet (RASHI); (b) (O.F. mil) millet (TOSFOS Berachos 37a)
c) [line 5] PERAGIN - (O.F. mac) poppy seeds

21) [line 5] SHE'HISHRISHU - that took root
22) [line 8] CHANATAH - budding

23) [line 11] SHE'ASUYIN PERACHIN PERACHIN - they are husked as needed
24) [line 12] V'YITZBOR GORNO L'SOCHO - the person should pile the grain into the center of the threshing floor; i.e. let him mix the grain together very well

25) [line 15] POL HA'MITZRI - (a) the Egyptian bean (colocasia); (b) (O.F. feisol) the haricot bean

26) [line 23] YESH BILAH (a true mixture exists)
Rebbi Shimon Shezuri is of the opinion that when different types of grains are mixed together they become evenly mixed, and all samples taken out of the mixture will have the same percentages of the different grains. However, the Chachamim argue.

27) [line 28] ISHTEMITETEI - it (the following) escaped his attention, he forgot

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