REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 120
PESACHIM 120-121 (25-26 Kislev) - the Daf study material for the first day
of Chanukah has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim"), whose Shiurim lit the eyes
of many, by his students.
We quoted Rav Yehudah Amar Rav who learnt 'Ein Maftirin Achar Matzah
Afikomon'. We asked a Kashya from a Beraisa, and we resolved the Kashya. Mar
Zutra has a different text in Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, which the Gemara tries
to prove from the same Beraisa and rejects on the same grounds as it did in
the first Lashon.
How does Mar Zutra quoting Rav Yosef, quote Rav Yehudah
(a) Rava holds that Matzah nowadays is d'Oraysa, and Maror de'Rabbanan.
What is the problem with this from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscho "Al Matzos
(b) What is the answer?
(c) What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov hold?
(d) What does he do with the Pasuk "ba'Erev Tochlu Matzos"?
(a) From where does Rava learn that a Tamei and a Derech Rechokah in the
time of the Beis Hamikdash are Chayav to eat Matzah and Maror?
(b) According to Rav Acha bar Ya'akov, why can we not learn ...
(c) The Beraisa supports Rava, learning the obligation to eat Matzah
nowadays from "ba'Erev Tochlu Matzos".
- ... Tamei and Derech Rechokah from Areil and Ben Neichar?
- ... Areil and Ben Neichar from Tamei and Derech Rechokah (from "ba'Erev Tochlu Matzos")?
What does the Tana also learn from
"Sheshes Yamim Tochal Matzos, u'va'Yom ha'Shevi'i Atzeres la'Hashem
(a) 'Yashnu Kulan, Lo Yochlu'.
Answers to questions
Why is that?
(b) Why can we not explain that it is because it looks like eating the
Pesach in two groups?
(c) Does this prohibition also apply to Matzah nowadays?
(d) Why can the Tana's reason not be because of 'Ein Maftirin Achar Matzah
(a) According to the Tana Kama, what will the Din be if only *some* of the
participants fell asleep?
(b) According to Rebbi Yossi, 'someone' who dozes off, may continue to eat
the Pesach (or Matzah nowadays) provided he did not fall into a deep sleep?
Does he come to be lenient in the Seifa of our Mishnah (i.e. to permit even
all the participants to continue eating the Pesach - provided they did *not*
fall into a deep sleep), or to be strict in the Reisha (to forbid even some
of them to do so, if they *did*)?
(c) What Din do Pigul and Nosar have after midnight?
(d) Why is the Korban Pesach Metamei the hands after midnight?
(a) How does Rav Ashi define 'doze'?
(b) Rabah dozed off in the middle of the Afikoman.
What did he answer
Abaye, who asked him whether he had been dozing?
(c) What does this incident come to prove?
(a) Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah uses "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" (by Korban Pesach) for
a Gezeirah Shavah to learn from Makas Bechoros that the Mitzvah of Pesach
terminates at midnight. What does Rebbi Akiva (according to whom the Mitzvah
of Pesach lasts until morning) do with "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh"?
(b) How does Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah explain the Pasuk in Bo "ve'Lo Sosiru
Mimenu Ad Boker"?
(c) Does Rebbi Akiva actually permit the Pesach to be eaten until morning?
(a) If not for "ha'Zeh", Rebbi Akiva would learn the time-period of eating
the Korban Pesach from Shelamim to be two nights and one day.
exactly, does this mean, according to ...
(b) Rava says that, nowadays, someone who eats Matzah after midnight -
according to Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah, is not Yotze.
- ... Rashi?
- ... the Rashbam?
Why would we have
thought that he *is*?
(a) Rav Huna and Rav Chisda argue whether a k'Zayis of Pigul and Nosar is
Metamei the hands, or only a k'Beitzah.
Answers to questions
What is the source of their
(b) One of them ascribes the reason for this decree to 'Chashadei Kehunah',
the other one, to 'Atzlei Kehunah'. In this point, they do not argue,
because one of them applies to Pigul, and the other, to Nosar.