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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 118


(a) According to Rav Yehudah, the 'Birchas ha'Shir' that is included in the fourth Kos, is 'Yehalelucha' (the final Berachah of Hallel).
What is it according to Rebbi Yochanan?

(b) The Gemara rules like Rebbi Yochanan.
What is the order of the Seder after Hallel (starting from Hallel ha'Gadol)?

(c) Most opinions agree that we say Hallel ha'Gadol over the fourth Kos. They also agree that Hallel ha'Gadol comprises Kapitel 136 ("Hodu la'Hashem Ki Tov" - though some add preceding sections of Tehilim).
Why is it called Hallel ha'Gadol?

(d) And what is the significance of Kapitel 23 ("Hashem Ro'i"), which, according to Yesh Omrim (Rebbi Nasan), we say instead?

(a) What do the twenty-six 'Ki le'Olam Chasdo' represent?

(b) What is the deeper meaning of "Hodu la'Hashem Ki *Tov* Ki Le'olam Chasdo"?

(c) What do we learn from the fact that ...

1. ... whereas by childbirth, the Torah writes "*be'Etzev* Teldi Vanim" (Bereishis), by Parnasah, it writes "*be'Itzavon*" (ibid)?
2. ... whereas by redemption, the Torah writes "*ha'Mal'ach* ha'Go'el Osi" (Vayechi), by Parnasah it writes "*ha'Elokim* ha'Ro'eh Osi"? (ibid).
(a) What is the story behind the two (seemingly contradictory) Pesukim (both in Bereishis) "ve'Kotz ve'Dardar Tatzmi'ach Lach", and "be'Zei'as Apecha Tochal Lechem"?

(b) What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah learn from the juxtaposition of the two Pesukim in Tehilim "Nosen Lechem le'Chol Basar" and "le'Gozer Yam-Suf li'Gezarim"?

(c) To what - besides the day of death - does he compare a person who is constipated?

(d) Rav Sheshes also quotes him on a number of issues:
How does he explain the juxtaposition of the Pasuk in Ki Sisa ...

  1. ... "Elohei Masechah Lo Sa'seh Lach" to "es Chag ha'Matzos Tishmor"?
  2. ... "la'Kelev Tashlichun Oso" to "Lo Sisa Sheima Shav"? Which three things does the latter Pasuk incorporate?
(a) We recite *Hallel* on a regular basis rather than Hallel ha'Gadol, because it contains five major events.
Which event is represented by ...
  1. ... "be'Tzeis Yisrael mi'Mitzrayim"?
  2. ... "ha'Yam Ra'ah va'Yanos"?
  3. ... "he'Harim Rakedu che'Eilim"?
  4. ... "Es'halech Lifenei Hashem"?
  5. ... "Lo Lanu Hashem, Lo Lanu"?
(b) What other two tragedies might "Lo Lanu ... " refer to?

(c) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak ascribes the preference of Hallel over Hallel ha'Gadol to the Pasuk "Ana Hashem Maletah Nafshi".
What does that represent?

(d) According to Chizkiyah, it is due to the paragraph of "Lo Lanu" and "Halelu es Hashem".
Which Tzadikim said these words, and to which event does it refer?

(a) Others say that it was Gavriel who said "ve'Emes Hashem Le'olam".
To which episode does this refer?

(b) Who was Yurkemo, and what did he volunteer to do?

(c) Why did Gavriel think that *he* was better suited for the job?

(d) What did he subsequently do?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Nasan, it was the fish who said "ve'Emes Hashem Le'olam".
What is the connection between this and the Pasuk in Tehilim "va'Yamru Al Yam be'Yam-Suf", and with the Pasuk in Beshalach "va'Yar Yisrael es Mitzrayim Meis Al S'fas ha'Yam"?

(b) What did Hashem mean when He promised the fish one and a half times as much?

(c) How did Hashem induce Sisra and his soldiers to enter the River Kishon?

(d) Why is the River Kishon referred to as 'Nachal Kidumim'?

(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Hallel "Moshivi Akeres ha'Bayis"?

(b) How does Rava explain the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Ahavti Ki Yishma Hashem, es Koli Tachanunai"?
  2. ... "Dalosi ve'Li Yehoshi'a"?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi sent Rebbi a number of Chidushim from his sick-bed:
How did he explain the Pasuk "Halelu es Hashem Kol Goyim ... Ki Gavar Aleinu Chasdo"?

(b) On what grounds will Hashem instruct Mashi'ach to accept Egypt's gift?

(c) Kush too, will send a gift.
On what grounds will they 'convince' Hashem that their gift, must certainly be accepted?

(d) What will Rome claim, and what will Hashem reply?

(a) Who is ...
  1. ... the wild animal who dwells among the canes?
  2. ... the wild animal whose deeds are all written with one pen (what does this mean)?
  3. ... the strong one who resembles a calf?
  4. ... those who open their hand to receive money, but who fail to do thewill of the owners?
(b) What caused Yisrael to be scattered among the nations?
(a) How many main roads are there in Rome, how many palaces are there on each one, and how many steps does each palace contain?

(b) What will one find on each step?

(c) All of these are for the benefit of those who are "Yoshvim Lifnei Hashem" (Yeshayah).
What two connotations does this have?

(d) Who is 'Atik Yomin'?

Answers to questions
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