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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 110


(a) One should not drink two cups of wine and set out on a journey.
What can one do, to make this possible?

(b) Which two activities are as dangerous as setting out on a journey?

(c) Since the danger does not exist if one remains at home, why did Rava keep count of the number of cups that he drank, and why did Abaye's stepmother hold *two* cups at the ready whenever he drank *one*?

(a) What does the Gemara prove from the fact that Chazal instituted ten cups of wine in the house of an Avel?

(b) What are ...

1. ... Rav Chisda and Rabah bar Rav Huna trying to prove when they say 'Shalom le'Tovah Mitztaref, ve'Lo le'Ra'ah'
2. ... Rabah and Rav Yosef ... when they say the same about 'vi'Yechuneka',
3. ... Abaye and Rava about 've'Yishmerecha'?
(c) If drinking four cups of wine is not subject to Zugos (as some maintain), then why did Rava bar Liva'i come to harm after having drunk four cups of wine?
(a) What did Ashmedai tell Rav Yosef about himself ...
  1. ... according to the first Lashon?
  2. ... according to the second Lashon?
(b) He also explained to Rav Papa the two distinctions between drinking two cups and four cups (even though he maintains that, on principle, Zugos does apply in both cases).
What are they?
(a) What should someone who sets out on a journey after inadvertently drinking two cups of wine, do, and what does he say?

(b) And what does one then say if the demon responds 'You and I make four'?

(c) What happened once when a similar battle of wits took place?

(d) Rishtinhi gave Ameimar some tips on how to neutralize a witch's power, should he meet one. Part of the nullification entails getting rid of the objects with which they cast their spells.
Which two objects, besides their hair and bread are involved here, and what would happen to all four objects?

Answers to questions



(a) In Eretz Yisrael, they took no notice of Zugos. Rav Dimi went to the other extreme. He was even fussy about barrels.
What does this mean?

(b) How did his fears materialize?

(c) The Gemara says that the demons strike at those who are fussy, but not at those who are not.
Then why does the Gemara not ignore the issue of Zugos altogether?

(a) According to Rav Dimi, Zugos is Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai, but only with regard to *four* foods.
Why then, do we apply it to *all* foods?

(b) Which three foods are for sure Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai?

(c) The Gemara tells the story of the divorced woman who killed her ex- husband through witchcraft.
Why did she fail initially, and to what was her ultimate success attributed?

(d) How do those who say that from four cups and onwards Zugos does not apply, explain this incident?

(a) Why are plates of food and loaves not subject to Zugos?

(b) Why should there be a distinction between natural foods and those that are manufactured?

(c) What does Rav Chinena mean when he adds that Zugos does not apply to ...

  1. ... Chanus?
  2. ... Nimlach?
  3. ... Orei'ach?
  4. ... Ishah?
(d) Is Zugos never applicable to a woman?
(a) What does the Gemara mean when it says that Ispargus (a beverage made of cabbage and wine) is 'Mitztaref le'Tovah, ve'Eino Mitztaref le'Ra'ah'?

(b) What makes Ispargus different in this regard?

(c) Some say that, by (Safek) Zugos, one goes Lechumra; others say Lekula. What do both of these mean?

(d) Is it considered Zugos if one drinks ...

  1. ... two cups of wine and one of beer?
  2. ... two cups of beer and one of wine? What is the Si'man by which to remember this distinction?
(a) Rav Nachman quoting Rav differentiates between someone who drank *two cups before the meal* and one during the meal, and someone who drank *one cup before the meal* and two during the meal.
What is the difference?

(b) What is Rav Mesharshaya's objection to that?

(c) From where does the Gemara know that, according to everybody (even Rav Mesharshaya), one cup *after* the meal will not rectify the two cups that one had during the meal?

(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, a cup of diluted *beverage* will combine with one or two cups of diluted wine (for better or for worse). How about diluted *water*?

(b) What is diluted water?

(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about this?

(d) In which case will even Rebbi Yochanan agree that water will not combine?

Answers to questions
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