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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 102


(a) We established the above-mentioned Beraisa, which requires a fresh Berachah by a group that left the wine party to greet a Chasan and Kalah, like Rebbi Yehudah in another Beraisa.
What do the Rabbanan say there?

(b) How do we know that Rebbi Yehudah (who qualifies the Rabbanan's statement with the words 'Bameh Devarim Amurim), comes to *argue* with them, and not just to *qualify* their words?

(a) We know that this Beraisa is speaking about things that require a Berachah Acharonah in their place, because of the Lashon 'Akru' (as we saw in the previous Beraisa). What do we deduce from the fact that the Rabbanan argue with Rebbi Yehudah specifically by things that require a Berachah Acharonah in their place?

(b) Why does this Beraisa not pose a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan, who said above that wine never needs a fresh Berachah?

(c) Would it not be preferable to argue by things that do *not* require a Berachah Acharonah in their place, to teach us that, even there, no fresh Berachah is required - in keeping with the principle 'Ko'ach de'Heteira Adif'?

(a) If a group of people are eating together on Friday afternoon and Shabbos enters, what procedure do they follow as regards Kidush and Birchas ha'Mazon ...
  1. ... according to Rebbi Yehudah?
  2. ... according to Rebbi Yossi?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, why does one recite Kidush first?
Answers to questions


4) Two cups of wine are required, one for Birchas ha'Mazon and one for Kidush.
Why can both Berachos not be recited over the same cup ...

  1. ... according to Rebbi Yehudah?
  2. ... according to Rebbi Yossi?
(a) Why do we recite the Berachah over wine first, before that of Kidush and Havdalah?

(b) In the Havdalah service, the actual Berachah of Havdalah comes last. Why is that?

(c) Who is the author of the Beraisa which gives the Berachah of Ner precedence over that of Besamim?

(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa expect one to do if one has only one cup of wine for both Havdalah and Birchas ha'Mazon?

(b) Is this not a contradiction to the principle of 'Ein Osin Mitzvos Chavilos Chavilos'?

(a) Rav says that when Yom-Tov falls after Shabbos, one says *Ya*k*ne*h?
What does *Ya*k*ne*h stand for?

(b) Why does this appear to clash with the principle of 'Ein Osin Mitzvos Chavilos Chavilos'?

(c) How does the Gemara prove that Rav is speaking about the last day of Pesach, and how does that answer the Kashya?

(d) How do we refute this answer from Abaye, who says *Ya*k*ze*na*h, and from Rava who says *Ya*k*ne* ha*z?

8) We ultimately make a distinction between Havdalah and Kidush on the one hand and Birchas ha'Mazon and Kidush on the other.
What is the difference between them?


(a) Why do none of the Amora'im who discuss the order of Kidush and Havdalah, mention Besamim?

(b) What is the reason for this?

Answers to questions
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