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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 94


(a) If someone is standing outside Modi'in at the time of Shechitas ha'Pesach, and is offered a lift into Yerushalayim (enabling him to arrive in time for the Shechitah), is he Chayav Kares if he refuses it?

(b) Will he be Chayav Kares if he is standing within Modi'in, and cannot arrive on time because his car (with his family inside) is blocked by heavy traffic, if he is able to leave his car and walk alone on foot. From which Pasuk do we learn both of the above?

(a) According to Rava, how wide is the world (from the east where the sun rises, to the west, where it sets), and how thick is the sky?

(b) Given that we know the width of the world from tradition, how does Rava (basing himself on the Tana of the Beraisa) work out the width of the sky - using Rebbi Yochanan's statement (splitting the day into three sections)?

(c) How far does the sun travel during the time it takes an average person to walk five Mil?

(a) Ula, on the previous Amud, learns like Rava, that a person walks thirty Mil between sunrise and sunset. The Gemara proves them both wrong from Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa.
What does he say?

(b) Why is Rebbi Yochanan, on whose statement both Amora'im based their reckonings, vindicated? Why are both *Ula* and *Rava* disproved but not *Rebbi Yochanan*?

(a) Rebbi Chanina declared that from Sedom to Tzo'ar is a distance of *five* Mil, and there (with regard to the angels and Lot), the Pasuk explicitly writes "from sunrise to sunset".
Does this mean that Rebbi Chanina's statement too, is refuted from the Beraisa of Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) Which of the above contentions is disproved by the Beraisa, which gives the size of Egypt as 400 Parsah by 400 Parsah, and Kush, the world, Gan Eden and Gehinom, each one, sixty times larger than the one before?

(c) What does the Gemara prove from the fact that 'the entire inhabited world is situated underneath one star'?

(a) Nevuchadnetzar was a descendent of Nimrod.
What did Nimrod do that made him responsible for the entire world rebelling against G-d?

(b) Of what act of rebellion was Nevuchadnetzar guilty when Hashem reminded him of his ancestry?

(c) What is the distance from ...

  1. ... the earth to the first of the seven heavens?
  2. ... one heaven to the next?
  3. ... the east, where the sunrises, to the west, where it sets?
(d) How is Rava (see above 8b.) disproved from here?
Answers to questions



(a) The Mazalos are located in an imaginary wheel called the Galgal. How did Rebbi attempt to prove the gentile sages, who maintain that the Mazalos remain static, and it is Galgal that turns, wrong (from Taurus and Scorpio)?

(b) Rav Acha bar Ya'akov answers the question by comparing this to the metal that is stuck in the middle of the wide hole of the mill.
What does he mean?

(c) To what does he compare it in his second answer?

(d) What do the Jewish sages contend?

(a) According to the Jewish sages, the sun travels below the heaven called Raki'a during the day, and above it by night.
What do the non-Jewish sages say? Why did Rebbi concede that the non-Jewish sages were right?

(b) How do we then explain the fact that the river-water is warm by day?

(c) How does Rebbi Nasan explain the fact that the world is hot in the summer, and the fountains cold, whereas in the winter, it is the other way round?

8) Why is the sun's strength directed ...
  1. ... towards the mountains in Nisan, Iyar and Sivan?
  2. ... through inhabited country in Tamuz, Av and Elul?
  3. ... over the sea in Tishri, Mar-cheshvan and Kislev?
  4. ... across the desert in Teves, Shevat and Adar?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer in our Mishnah, anyone who is not inside the Azarah during the entire period of Shechitas ha'Pesach, is Patur from Kares, in spite of the fact that he is able to enter.
How does Abaye reconcile this with Rebbi Eliezer himself, who rules in a Beraisa that a grown-up Areil who is able to circumcise, and who fails to do so on Erev Pesach, is Chayav Kares for not bringing the Korban Pesach?

(b) Rava explains that the Tana of our Mishnah is Rebbi Yossi bar Rebbi Yehudah, but that the Tana of Areil has a different opinion from that of Rebbi Eliezer. The Tana Kama of Rebbi Yossi bar Rebbi Yehudah, also quoting Rebbi Eliezer, appears to have a third opinion. He learns Pesach from a Gezeirah Shavah "Richuk Makom" "Richuk Makom" from Ma'aser Sheini. What exactly does he learn from there.

(c) Rav Yitzchak bar Rav Yosef says that in order to become a Pesach ha'Ba b'Tum'ah, one requires a majority of those standing *in the Azarah* to be Tamei (and does not contend with those standing outside).
Like which Tana does he hold?

(d) What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili learn from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "u'va'Derech Lo Hayah"?

Answers to questions
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