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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 63


(a) Acherim (alias Rebbi Meir), in a Beraisa, differentiates between Hikdim Mulim la'Areilim and Hikdim Areilim le'Mulim.
What does Acheirim say, and what is the initial problem with his statement?

(b) We try to establish Acherim like Rava, who says 'Adayin Hi Machlokes', and Acherim holds 'Einah li'Shechitah Ela be'Sof'.
What, briefly, does Rava mean with 'Adayin Hi Machlokes'?

(c) How do we now explain Acherim?

(a) According to Rabah, Acherim can even hold 'Yeshnah li'Shechitah Mitechilah ve'Ad Sof'; he does not however, require 'Piv ve'Libo Shavin'. What is the case, and how does he explain Acherim?

(b) The Gemara rejects this explanation on the basis of the Mishnah in Terumos 'ha'Miskaven Lomar Terumah, ve'Amar Ma'aser' ... .
What does the Tana there say (and S'tam Mishnah Rebbi Meir)?

(c) Abaye finally explains that Acherim holds Mefaglin be'Chatzi Matir.
What is the case of ...

  1. ... 'Hikdim Mulin la'Areilim, Kasher'?
  2. ... 'Hikdim Areilim le'Mulim, Pasul'?
(d) What do the Rabbanan say, and what is their reason?
(a) If someone who owns Chametz, Shechts the Korban Pesach, he transgresses a La'v.
Which La'v?

(b) Which Korban does Rebbi Yehudah compare to the Pesach in this regard?

(a) What distinction does Rebbi Shimon make with regard to someone who Shechts other Korbanos (besides the two that we have already mentioned) on the fourteenth on Chametz, and someone who Shechts them on the fifteenth?

(b What is the exception to this?

(c) And what about someone who Shechts the Koran Pesach on the fifteenth?

(d) What principle governs Rebbi Shimon's rulings?

Answers to questions



(a) Who has to own the Chametz, and who will receive Malkos?

(b) According to Resh Lakish, the Chametz has to be in the Azarah, before the Shochet etc. will receive Malkos.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

(c) Why does the Gemara reject the suggestion that the source of their Machlokes is whether "Al" (in the Pasuk "ve'Lo Sishchat Al Chametz Dam Zivchi") means close by or not?

(a) The breads of the Korban Todah adopt Kedushas ha'Guf (they become Pasul through contact with a Tevul-Yom and a Mechusar Kipurim as well as through Linah, and can no longer be redeemed when they are Tamei).
What causes them to adopt Kadosh Kedushas ha'Guf?

(b) If one Shechts the animal of the Todah in the Azarah and the bread is outside, the bread does not become Kedushas ha'Guf. According to Rebbi Yochanan, 'outside' means outside the wall of Beis Pagi (the outer precincts of Yerushalayim).
What does Resh Lakish say, and what is the basis of their Machlokes (bearing in mind that the Torah writes "Vehikriv *Al* Zevach ha'Todah, Chalos")?

(a) We then try to explain the Machlokes Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish (with regard to 'ha'Shochet es ha'Pesach Al he'Chametz' when the Chametz is not in the Azarah) as to whether 'Hasra'as Safek Sh'mah Hasra'ah' or not. What exactly would their Machlokes then be?

(b) According to Rebbi Yochanan, if someone declares that he will eat a certain loaf of bread by the end of that day, he is not subject to Malkos for not eating it, because it is a passive La'av (a La'v she'Ein Bo Ma'seh). What reason does Resh Lakish give for this?

(c) Why is it no longer possible to explain the Machlokes regarding 'ha'Shochet es ha'Pesach Al he'Chametz' by Hasra'as Safek, like we attempted to do in a.?

(a) The Gemara finally re-establishes the Machlokes as it first attempted to do, by whether "Al" means close or not.
In that case, having already informed us that it does not (in the case of 'ha'Shochet es ha'Pesach'), why did Rebbi Yochanan see fit to repeat it by 'ha'Shochet Todah Lifenim, ve'Lachmah Chutz la'Chomah'?

(b) What does 'Midi de'Hava a'K'lei Shares' mean?

(c) What does Rebbi Ami learn from ...

  1. ... "Lo Sishchat Al Chametz" (and not "Al Chemtzecha")?
  2. ... "Lo Sishchat Al Chametz - ve'Lo Yalin Cheilev Chagi Ad Boker"?
(a) What Chidush does Rav Papa derive from the latter Derashah with regard to the Kohen who burns the Emurim?

(b) The Beraisa which corroborates Rav Papa's statement, adds that a Kohen who makes Melikah on the bird-offering of a Mechusar Kipurim on the fourteenth of Nisan - after the Korban Tamid - does not receive Malkos. Why not?

(c) Seeing as the author of the Beraisa is Rebbi Shimon, why does he mention specifically the Melikah of a bird?

(a) The Tana of a second Beraisa includes 'ha'Molek Al ha'Chametz', as well as 'ha'Mazeh', among those who do receive Malkos.
What does 'ha'Mazeh' mean?

(b) What does the Tana say about 'ha'Kometz es ha'Minchah Al ha'Chametz'?

(a) How do we reconcile this latter Beraisa (which sentences 'ha'Molek' ... to Malkos) with the previous Beraisa, which exempts him? Who is the author of both Beraisos?

(b) How does the Beraisa prove this answer to be correct (to avoid a contradiction from the Reisha to the Seifa)?

(c) And how do we reconcile this Tana (which exempts the Maktir - the one who burns the Emurim on the Mizbei'ach - from Malkos, with the previous Tana, who holds that he is Chayav Malkos?

Answers to questions
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