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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 61

PESACHIM 61 - has been dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory of his parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak, and Leah bas Michal Mordechai


(a) Why, by all Korbanos, other than the Korban Pesach, is Shinuy Ba'lim not applicable by 'the four Avodos', only by Zerikah?

(b) Why does Shinuy Ba'lim not apply ...

  1. ... after the owner's death?
  2. ... by a Korban Tzibur?
(c) Why will Shinuy Ba'lim not apply to a Korban Tzibur if the blood is sprinkled in the name of gentiles?
(a) Why is the Chumrah of Pesulo be'Gufo pertaining to Shinuy Kodesh not really a Chumrah at all?

(b) According to Rav Pinchas Brei de'Rav Ami, Shinuy Ba'lim applies even after death.
What are the ramifications of this statement?

(c) How does Rava conclude with regard to a Pesach that was Shechted during the year with Shinuy Ba'lim?

(a) What do the following have in common: 1. le'Ochlav ve'she'Lo le'Ochlav; 2. li'Menuyav ve'she'Lo li'Menuyav; le'Mulim ve'la'Areilim; 4. la'Temei'im ve'la'Tehorim?

(b) What is the reason for all of them?

(a) Is a Pesach that is Shechted before midday, Kasher?

(b) If it is Shechted before the Tamid, it is Kasher.
What must one however, do should this happen?

(c) Is the Pesach Kasher if its blood was sprinkled before that of the Tamid?

(a) What do learn from the Pasuk in Bo "be'Michsas"?

(b) How do we know that if a Pesach was Shechted exclusively for a group of people who were all not designated to eat it, that it is Pasul?

(c) What does Rebbi mean when he says 'Lashon Sursi Hu, ke'Adam she'Omer la'Chaveiro, "Kus Li T'le Zeh" '?

(d) So now we know the Pesul of she'Lo li'Menuyav.
From where do we know that she'Lo le'Ochlav invalidates, too?

Answers to questions



(a) We have already learnt that 'Yesh Machshavah me'Avodah la'Avodah'. If someone Shechts the Pesach on behalf of Mulim, but having in mind that the Zerikah should atone for Arelim, Rav Chisda invalidates the Pesach.
What is Rabah's reason for validating it?

(b) Tum'as Ba'lim invalidates the Pesach, and so does Z'man (if the Shochet or the Kohen thought to eat it after the designated time has expired). What is the difference between them (as regards Miktzas)?

(c) Why might we learn Miktzas Orlah from ...

  1. ... Miktzas Tum'ah rather from Miktzas Z'man?
  2. ... Miktzas Z'man rather than from Miktzas Tum'ah?
(a) What does Rabah learn from the Pasuk in Bo ...
  1. ... "*ve'Chol* Arel Lo Yochal Bo"?
  2. ... "*Zos* Chukas ha'Pesach ... Kol Arel Lo Yochal Bo"?
(b) Why is Zerikah more lenient in this regard?

(c) How does Rav Chisda interpret ...

  1. ... "*ve'Chol* Arel Lo Yochal Bo"?
  2. ... "*Zos* Chukas ha'Pesach ... Kol Arel Lo Yochal Bo"?
(d) Why, according to Rav Chisda, is Zerikah more stringent in this regard?
8) Rav Ashi throws a spoke in the wheel.
How does he explain ...
  1. ... "*ve'Chol* Arel"?
  2. ... "Zos"?
Answers to questions
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